|Classification||Percussion instrument, goatskin heads|
|Bolt tuned or rope tuned with dowels and hammer|
|damaru, idakka, dhad|
The udukkai(Tamil: உடுக்கை) or uduku is a membranophone instrument used in folk music and prayers in Tamil Nadu and it is originated in Tamil Nadu as well. Its shape is similar to other Indian hourglass drums, having a small snare stretched over one side. The udakku is played with the hand and the pitch may be altered by squeezing the lacing in the middle. The damru in the hands of Lord Shiva is also referred to as udukkai.
South Asia : The Indian Subcontinent. (Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 5). Routledge; Har/Com edition (November 1999). ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1