Udupi

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Udupi
City
Udupi Sri Krishna Temple
Udupi Sri Krishna Temple
Udupi is located in Karnataka
Udupi
Udupi
Coordinates: 13°20′20″N 74°44′42″E / 13.3389°N 74.7451°E / 13.3389; 74.7451Coordinates: 13°20′20″N 74°44′42″E / 13.3389°N 74.7451°E / 13.3389; 74.7451
Country India
State Karnataka
Region Udupi District
Government
 • Type City Municipal Council
 • Council President Nirmala Muniraj
Area
 • Total 68.23 km2 (26.34 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2011)[1][2]
 • Total 165,401
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
 • Regional Tulu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 576101
Telephone code 0820
Vehicle registration KA-20
Website www.udupicity.mrc.gov.in

Udupi is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Udupi District. Udupi is one of the top tourist attractions in Karnataka. It is notable for the Krishna Temple. It lends its name to the popular Udupi cuisine. It is also known as Lord Parashurama Kshetra, and is famous for Kanakana Kindi. A centre of pilgrimage, Udupi is known as Rajata Peetha and Shivalli (Shivabelle). It is also known as the temple city.[3] Manipal is a locality within Udupi city. Udupi is situated about 60 km north of the industrial hub Mangalore and about 422 km west of state capital Bengaluru by road.

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Udupi city
source: Census 2011

  Hindus (85.72%)
  Muslims (8.22%)
  Christians (5.59%)
  Jains (0.39%)
  Not stated (0.04%)
  Sikh (0.02%)
  Buddhist (0.01%)
  Other (0.01%)

Udupi is one of the districts of Karnataka in India. There are six[4] taluks, 233 villages and 21 towns in Udupi district.

As per the Census India 2011, Udupi district has 2,53,078 households, population of 11,77,361 of which 5,62,131 are males and 6,15,230 are females. The population of children between age 0-6 is 1,03,160 which is 8.76% of the total population.

The sex-ratio of Udupi district is around 1094 compared to 973 which is average of Karnataka state. The literacy rate of Udupi district is 78.69% out of which 82.85% males are literate and 74.89% females are literate. The total area of Udupi is 3,582 sq.km with population density of 329 per sq.km.

Out of total population, 71.63% of population lives in Urban area and 28.37% lives in Rural area. There are 6.41% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 4.49% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Udupi district.

Sthanika Brahmins, Shivalli Brahmins, Goud Saraswat Brahmins (GSB), Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins (RSB), Mogaveeras, Billavas, Bunts, Mangalorean Catholics, Daivadnyas, Beary, Devadigas, Padmashalis, Ramakshatriyas are some prominent communities in Udupi.[citation needed]

Udupi, which previously had a Town Municipal Council now has a City Municipal Council which came into existence in 1995. Areas around Udupi, such as Manipal,[5] Parkala, Malpe, Udyavara and Santhekatte were merged to form the City Municipal Council.

Udupi was carved out as a separate district from the erstwhile Dakshina Kannada district on 25 August 1997. Udupi, Kundapura and Karkala were bifurcated from the Dakshina Kannada District and the Udupi District was formed. Savita S. Kotian and Prakash T. Mendon of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) are the current president and vice-president of the Udupi Zilla Panchayat, after the election held at the Zilla Panchayat on 7 August 2014.[6] In February 2018, the district was split to into 3 more taluks, with Byndoor being carved out of Kundapur taluk and the Udupi taluk being split into three parts. Along with the initial Udupi taluk, Kaup and Brahmavar were created.

Tulu and kannada is the most widely spoken language in Udupi City. Other spoken languages include Konkani and English. Muslims in Udupi speak Urdu, Nawayathi and Beary.

Geography and climate[edit]

Udupi has an elevation of 27 m (89 ft) above mean sea level.[7] The climate in Udupi is hot in summers and pleasant in winter. During summers (from March to May) the temperature reaches up to 38 °C and in winters (from December to February) it is usually between 32 °C and 20 °C.

The monsoon period is from June to September, with rainfall averaging more than 4000mm every year and heavy winds.

Climate data for Udupi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
(91)
33.5
(92.3)
33.6
(92.5)
34.2
(93.6)
33.3
(91.9)
29.7
(85.5)
28.0
(82.4)
28.4
(83.1)
29.5
(85.1)
30.9
(87.6)
32.3
(90.1)
32.8
(91)
31.6
(88.8)
Average low °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
21.8
(71.2)
23.6
(74.5)
25
(77)
25.1
(77.2)
23.4
(74.1)
22.9
(73.2)
23
(73)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
22.4
(72.3)
21.2
(70.2)
23
(73.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.1
(0.043)
0.2
(0.008)
2.9
(0.114)
24.4
(0.961)
183.2
(7.213)
1,177.2
(46.346)
1,350.4
(53.165)
787.3
(30.996)
292.1
(11.5)
190.8
(7.512)
70.9
(2.791)
16.4
(0.646)
4,096.9
(161.295)
[citation needed]


Culture[edit]

Yakshagana in Udupi
Nagapatri at Belle Brahmastana

Bhuta Kola, Aati kalenja, Karangolu, and Nagaradhane are some cultural traditions of Udupi. The residents celebrate festivals such as Makara Sankranti, Krishna Janmashtami, Navaratri, Deepavali, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr and Christmas. Folk arts like Yakshagana are also popular.

Rathabeedhi Geleyaru and Kalavrinda are local non-profit organisations, founded to encourage creative pursuits, especially those that keep alive the traditions of the region. Its primary focus has been historical dramas.

Cuisine[edit]

Masala dosa is a part of Udupi cuisine.

The term Udupi (also Udipi) is synonymous with vegetarian food now found all over the world.[citation needed] The origin of this cuisine is linked to Krishna Matha (Mutt). Lord Krishna is offered food of different varieties every day, and there are certain restrictions on ingredients during Chaturmasa (a four-month period during the monsoon season). These restrictions coupled with the requirement of variety led to innovation, especially in dishes incorporating seasonal and locally available materials. This cuisine was developed by Shivalli Madhwa Brahmins who cooked food for Lord Krishna, and at Krishna Matha in Udupi, the food is provided free of cost. Restaurants specialised in Udupi cuisine can be seen widely in most metropolitan and large cities around the length and breadth of India.

Town gate

Economy[edit]

Udupi is becoming a major town in Karnataka. The poverty rate in Udupi is fairly low when compared to Bangalore and other districts of Karnataka.

Udupi is the birthplace of the Syndicate Bank, Corporation Bank and Harsha Retail, the leading retailer of coastal Karnataka.[8][9] Udupi's economy also consists of agriculture and fishing. Small-scale industries like the cashew industry, and other food industries and milk cooperatives are the most prominent. Recently, Udupi is also making its mark in the real estate industry, greatly influenced by its neighboring spearhead Mangalore.

The Karnataka government had signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Cogentrix Light and Power Industry to set up a thermal power plant in the district at Nandikur. However, because of stiff opposition from citizens and environmentalist groups, the project has been temporarily suspended. An attempt by the Nagarjuna Power Corporation to set up a similar plant at nearby Padubidri also met strong opposition. Now, the power plant has not only been set up, it is generating 1,200 MW of power under the name of Udupi Power Corporation Limited (UPCL), a subsidiary of Lanco Infra, an Andhra Pradesh-based infrastructure major. The opposition, however, continues.

Manipal, a suburb of Udupi, is home to the headquarters of Syndicate Bank. It is renowned as an education and medical hub. Kasturba Medical College[10] and MIT (Manipal Institute of Technology)[11] are situated here.

TEBMA Shipyards Ltd is located in Malpe harbour complex. It is involved in building multipurpose platform supply vessels (MPSVs), platform supply vessel, geotechnical research vessel, dredgers and tugs for Indian as well as export markets.[12]

Udupi has a local handloom sari industry. Made of pure cotton and lightweight, the sari has art silk design on its border and pallu besides butta of art silk dotting it. Hard work, low returns, and competition from power loom has led to a drop in the number of weavers of nearly 95% over three decades.[13] A geographical indication tag for Udupi sarees is under examination with the Geographical Indications Registry of India.[14]

Transport[edit]

National Highway NH 66 passes through Udupi. Other significant roads include the State Highways to Karkala and Dharmastala and to Sringeri. The NH-66 provides a link to Mangalore and Karwar via Kundapur. Private as well as government buses connect Udupi to parts of Karnataka. Udupi has a railway station on the Konkan Railway. The nearest International Airport to Udupi is Mangalore International Airport, which is 50km away.

City and suburban transport is available for travel within Udupi and suburbs. The buses originate from the suburban bus stand (City Bus Stand). There are private bus operators as well as KSRTC city service buses too.

The nearest harbour/port to Udupi is Malpe, which is 5 km away, and Gangolli (Byndoor), which is 36 km away. The New Mangalore Port is 50 km away from Udupi.

Udupi railway station is managed by the Konkan Railways. It is about 4 km from Udupi city and is on the Kanyakumari-Mumbai rail route. Direct trains are available to Bengaluru, Mumbai, New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandighar, Pune, Ajmer, Jaipur, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Okha. Cities like Mysore, Belgaum, Jodhpur, Agra, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam, Kollam(Quilon) etc. also connected with Udupi. Konkan has a beautiful scenic view throughout its way.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]