Udvarhely County

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Udvarhely County
Comitatus Udvarhelyensis (Latin)
Udvarhely vármegye (Hungarian)
Komitat Udvarhely (German)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1876-1920, 1940-1945)
Coat of arms of Udvarhely
Coat of arms
Udvarhely.png
CapitalSzékelyudvarhely
Area
 • Coordinates46°18′N 25°18′E / 46.300°N 25.300°E / 46.300; 25.300Coordinates: 46°18′N 25°18′E / 46.300°N 25.300°E / 46.300; 25.300
 
• 1910
2,938 km2 (1,134 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
124,173
History
History 
• Established
1876
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• County recreated (Second Vienna Award)
30 August 1940
• Disestablished
1945
Today part ofRomania
Odorheiu Secuiesc is the current name of the capital.

Udvarhely (German: Oderhellen) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (eastern Transylvania). The capital of the county was Székelyudvarhely (now Odorheiu Secuiesc).

Geography[edit]

Map of Udvarhely county in the Kingdom of Hungary
Map of Udvarhely, 1891.

Udvarhely county shared borders with the counties of Maros-Torda, Csík, Háromszék, Nagy-Küküllő, and Kis-Küküllő. The county lay in the Carpathian Mountains. Its area was 2,938 km2 around 1910.

History[edit]

Udvarhely county consisted of three former seats of the Székelys: Udvarhelyszék, Bardóc and Keresztúr (the latter two as filial seats of the former). It was formed in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon, the county became part of Romania until 1940 when, by the Second Vienna Award, much of its territory was reassigned to Hungary. After the end of World War II it became again part of Romania. Most of its territory lies in the present-day Romanian county of Harghita, with small parts in Mureș (a small part in the west) and Covasna (a small part in the south-east).

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)
Population by mother tongue[a]
Census Total Hungarian Romanian German Other or unknown
1880[1] 105,520 94,311 (92.79%) 3,099 (3.05%) 2,322 (2.28%) 1,910 (1.88%)
1890[2] 110,132 103,209 (93.71%) 3,191 (2.90%) 2,131 (1.93%) 1,601 (1,45%)
1900[3] 118,275 112,607 (95.21%) 2,928 (2.48%) 2,225 (1.88%) 515 (0.44%)
1910[4] 124,173 118,458 (95.40%) 2,840 (2.29%) 2,202 (1.77%) 673 (0.54%)
Population by religion[b]
Census Total Roman Catholic Calvinist Unitarian Eastern Orthodox Lutheran Greek Catholic Jewish Other or unknown
1880 105,520 35,050 (33.22%) 36,533 (34.62%) 24,451 (23.17%) 4,121 (3.91%) 2,747 (2.60%) 2,010 (1.90%) 581 (0.55%) 27 (0.03%)
1890 110,132 37,287 (33.86%) 37,826 (34.35%) 25,544 (23.19%) 4,171 (3.79%) 2,777 (2.52%) 1,745 (1.58%) 768 (0.70%) 14 (0.01%)
1900 118,275 41,893 (35.42%) 40,237 (34.02%) 26,614 (22.50%) 4,101 (3.47%) 2,830 (2.39%) 1,387 (1.17%) 1,204 (1.02%) 9 (0.01%)
1910 124,173 45,116 (36.33%) 41,632 (33.53%) 27,567 (22.20%) 4,020 (3.24%) 2,991 (2.41%) 1,508 (1.21%) 1,313 (1.06%) 26 (0.02%)

Subdivisions[edit]

Contemporary map of the county

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Udvarhely county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Homoród Oklánd (now Ocland)
Parajd (from 1912) Parajd (now Praid)
  Székelykeresztúr Székelykeresztúr (now Cristuru Secuiesc)
  Udvarhely Székelyudvarhely (now Odorheiu Secuiesc)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
  Székelyudvarhely (now Odorheiu Secuiesc)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  2. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved September 29, 2021.