|Full name||Ueli Steck|
|Born||4 October 1976|
Langnau im Emmental, Switzerland
|Died||30 April 2017 (aged 40)|
Ueli Steck (German: [ˈyːli ʃtɛk]; 4 October 1976 – 30 April 2017) was a Swiss rock climber and mountaineer. He was the first to climb Annapurna solo via its South Face, and set speed records on the North Face trilogy in the Alps. He won two Piolet d'Or awards, in 2009 and 2014. Having previously summitted Mount Everest, Steck died on 30 April 2017 after falling during an acclimatizing climb for an attempt on the Hornbein route on the West Ridge of Everest without supplemental oxygen.
At the age of 17, Steck achieved the 9th difficulty rating (UIAA) in climbing. As an 18-year-old he climbed the North Face of the Eiger and the Bonatti Pillar in the Mont Blanc massif. In June 2004, he and Stephan Siegrist climbed the Eiger, Mönch and Jungfrau within 25 hours. Another success was the so-called "Khumbu-Express Expedition" in 2005, for which the climbing magazine Climb named him one of the three best alpinists in Europe. The project consisted of the first solo climb of the north wall of Cholatse (6,440 m) and the east wall of Taboche (6505 m).
Steck set his first speed record on the North Face of the Eiger in 2007, climbing it in 3 hours and 54 minutes. The record was lowered by Steck himself to 2 hours 47 minutes 33 seconds the following year.
In May 2008, climbing Annapurna, he broke off his ascent due to an avalanche threat, but the next week climbed to assist Spanish climber Iñaki Ochoa de Olza, who had collapsed. Medical help was slow in coming and the Spanish climber died despite Steck's help.
In 2008, Steck was the first recipient of the Eiger Award for his mountaineering achievements.
On 8 and 9 October 2013 Steck soloed the Lafaille route on the South Face of Annapurna. on the main and highest part of the face; this was his third attempt on the route and has been called "one of the most impressive Himalayan climbs in history", with Steck taking 28 hours to make the trip from Base Camp to summit and back again. The face had previously been climbed by the 1970 British Annapurna South Face expedition using siege tactics and taking nearly two months. Steck's was the first solo ascent of Annapurna, which won him his second Piolet d'Or.
In the winter of 2014/15, Steck and Michael Wohlleben linked up the three north faces of the Tre Cime di Lavaredo/Drei Zinnen in 16 hours. In the summer of 2015, he climbed all 82 summits in the Alps higher than 4000 meters in 62 days without the use of motorized travel. Two days slower than the 60-day record, his time included a period when Steck had suspended the tour on July 22, after his climbing partner on the Aiguille de Rochefort, Martijn Seuren, had fallen to his death on this final peak to make him the first Dutch person to climb all 82 4000ers. Later that year Steck set a new record for the North Face of the Eiger, soloing it in 2 hours 22 minutes and 50 seconds.
In April 2016, Steck and his German mountaineering partner, David Göttler, found the bodies of Alex Lowe and paraglider David Bridges. Lowe and Bridges were killed in an avalanche in 1999 while searching for a route up Shishapangma to attempt the first ski descent.
Incident on Mount Everest, 2013
On 27 April 2013, Steck was climbing on the Lhotse Face, above Camp 3 of the Southeast Ridge route of Mount Everest. He was climbing with Simone Moro and Jonathan Griffith when they passed besides a group of 17 [Sherpa] climbers who were fixing rope for the rest of the teams on the mountain. There are conflicting accounts from both parties, with the Sherpa claiming that Moro and his team insulted them and knocked over ice while traversing above them. To ease the situation, Moro and his teammates descended to Camp 2. While discussing the incident with other climbers, Steck, Moro and Griffith were violently attacked by a much larger group of Sherpa. They claim the Sherpa had covered their faces as they threw punches and rocks at them. Tensions only eased after other foreign climbers at Camp 2, including Melissa Arnot, intervened to defuse the situation. Steck and his team left the mountain but the incident received worldwide attention.
Personal life and death
Steck was born as the third son to a copper smith in the town of Langnau in the Emmental valley in Switzerland. As a child he played hockey and joined his father on ski tours. He was a carpenter by training and in adulthood lived in Ringgenberg near Interlaken, Switzerland.
Steck died on 30 April 2017 while acclimatizing for an attempt of the Hornbein route on the West Ridge of Everest without supplemental oxygen. This route had been climbed only a few times, the last of which was in 1991. His plan was to climb the Hornbein Couloir to the summit, then proceed with a traverse to the peak of Lhotse, the world's fourth highest mountain. This combination had not been achieved.
On April 16, during preparations for the attempt, his climbing partner, Tenji Sherpa, suffered frostbite, which would take some weeks to heal. Steck carried on with scouting and acclimatisation, climbing up to Everest's Camp 2, en route to the South Col. On April 29, he changed his plans, texting Tenji that he would climb the nearby peak of Nuptse instead, and did not respond to a follow-up question.
On April 30, he began climbing at around 4:30 AM with a French climber named Yannick Graziani who was attempting to climb Everest. When Graziani headed towards Camp 3, Steck broke off to the right to climb Nuptse. He was last seen partway up the face around dawn by several Sherpas and expedition members around the valley. Approximately 300 metres (980 ft) below the summit, he fell an estimated 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). It is not known what caused the fall. His body was found in the Western Cwm, between camps 1 and 2, and transported back to Kathmandu where memorial services were held.
Steck was survived by his wife Nicole.
- 2008 Eiger Award for his alpinistic performances
- 2009 Piolet d'Or for his new route on Tengkampoche north face with Simon Anthamatten
- 2010 Karl Unterkircher Award for his climbing versatility
- 2014 Piolet d'Or for his solo ascent of Annapurna south face
- 2015 National Geographic Adventurer of the Year
- 2017 The George Mallory Award - Wasatch Mountain Film Festival 
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- Peter Beaumont, Dutch climber attempting 82-peak Alps challenge dies in Mont Blanc fall, The Guardian, 25 July 2015.
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- Susan Joy Paul, Ueli Steck Interview: Climbing all 82 4000-Meter Peaks in the Alps, Alpinist, 18 August 2015
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- Bhandari, Rajneesh; Bromwich, Jonah Engel (30 April 2017). "Ueli Steck, Renowned Mountain Climber, Dies Near Everest at 40". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
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- "The 2009 winners". pioletsdor.com. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
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- "Ueli Steck and Raphael Slawinsky & Ian Welsted win the Piolets d'Or 2014". planetmountain.com. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
- "Adventurer of the Year, Ueli Steck, Killed Climbing Near Mount Everest". nationalgeographic.com. 30 April 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
- "George Mallory Award". Wasatch Mountain Film Festival. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Gutmann, Martin (8 June 2011). "Rapid Transit: Inside the Swiss-watch world of Alpinist Ueli Steck". Climbing Magazine. 286.
- Paumgarten, Nick (3 June 2013). "The manic mountain: Ueli Steck and the clash on Everest". Annals of Adventure. The New Yorker. 89 (16).
- Steck, Ueli; Baumann-von Arx, Gabriella (2008). Solo: Der Alleingänger (in German). Piper Verlag GmbH. ISBN 978-3492403412.
- Steck, Ueli (2010). Speed (in German). Piper Verlag GmbH. ISBN 978-3492403788.
- Steck, Ueli (2012). 8000+: Aufbruch in die Todeszone (in German). Malik Verlag. ISBN 978-3890294070.
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