|• Mayor||Bernd Wever (SPD)|
|• Total||19.46 km2 (7.51 sq mi)|
|Elevation||45 m (148 ft)|
|• Density||280/km2 (730/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0 59 42|
About 690, the groundwork for the great parish of Uelsen was laid, probably by the missionary Willibrord.
In 1312, ownership of Uelsen passed to the Count of Bentheim.
In 1546, under Emperor Charles V, border crossings were sealed and Uelsen was cut off from the Netherlands.
In 1588, the Reformed creed was introduced.
Between 1618 and 1648 came the Thirty Years' War. Even Uelsen was not spared the war’s fury. The County of Bentheim (Grafschaft Bentheim) was supposedly neutral ground. Nevertheless, the people suffered great hardships. Münster, Lüneburg, Hessian and Swedish troops all moved into billets in the community and extorted board and the people’s last belongings.
In 1650, the town hall was built.
In 1655, Bernhard von Galen, Bishop of Münster, waged war against Holland. Once more, the County had fighting troops marching through it. In 1666, Bernhard von Galen concluded the Peace of Nordhorn. In 1672, however, the Bishop of Münster once again attacked the Netherlands after only six years’ peace.
In 1688, Count Ernst Wilhelm converted to the Catholic faith. The Reformed clergy he then also had replaced by Catholic clergy. The County pastors turned to the Netherlands, Dutch became the church’s language, and until the late 19th century, it was also used in schools. Church hymns were still partly being sung in Dutch as late as 1933.
Between 1756 and 1763, the Seven Years' War raged.
In the 19th century, the population figures fell from 1200 to 806 as working-class families moved to Nordhorn or Schüttorf to find work in the textile industry. Some families also moved to the Netherlands or America.
In 1921, an electric company was founded. Between 1929 and 1931, a water supply system was built.
Between 1933 and 1945, Uelsen and its outlying centres were NSDAP strongholds.
In 2006, Uelsen marked its 875 years of existence with a festival week.
Uelsen belonged until 31 December 2004 to the Regierungsbezirk of Weser-Ems, which was abolished with effect from this date after administrative reform.
The state-recognized health resort of Uelsen is the Joint Community’s middle point and at the same time its seat.
Uelsen’s partner town is Tubbergen in the Netherlands.
- Saisonauftakt (seasonal prelude): Saturday before Whitsun
- Volks- und Schützenfest (folk and shooting festival): 2nd weekend in July
- Herbstmarkt (Herbstkirmes; autumn market): 3rd weekend in October
- Weihnachtsmarkt (Christmas market): Saturday before 2nd day in Advent
- Herbert Wagner: Die Gestapo war nicht allein... Politische Sozialkontrolle und Staatsterror im deutsch-niederländischen Grenzgebiet 1929 - 1945. LIT Verlag. Münster 2004 (contains among other things Uelsen in National Socialist times, persecution of the church, Oostergetelo).
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.