Main building of the station
|Location||7 Ueno (JR Station)
3 Higashi-Ueno (Tokyo Metro)
|Opened||28 July 1883|
Ueno Station (上野駅 Ueno-eki?) is a major railway station in Tokyo's Taitō ward. It is the station used to reach the Ueno district and Ueno Park -- which contains Tokyo National Museum, The National Museum of Western Art, Ueno Zoo, Tokyo University of the Arts and other famous cultural facilities. A major commuter hub, it is also the traditional terminus for long-distance trains from northern Japan, although with the extension of the Shinkansen lines to Tokyo Station this role has diminished in recent years. A similar extension of conventional lines will extend the Takasaki Line, Utsunomiya Line and Joban Line to Tokyo Station via the Ueno-Tokyo Line from March 2015 on existing little-used tracks and a new viaduct.
This station is served by the following lines:
- Tokyo Metro
- East Japan Railway Company
As this station was the traditional point of arrival and departure for journeys to northern Japan, it became the inspiration for many poems and song lyrics, including a famous poem by Ishikawa Takuboku. There is a memorial plate about this poem in the station.
Like most major stations in Japan, Ueno station contains and is surrounded by extensive shopping arcades. Ueno's includes a branch of the Hard Rock Cafe.
JR East platforms
The station has two main levels of tracks and a deep underground station for the Tohoku Shinkansen tracks. Through tracks 1 to 4 on two island platforms on the main level are used by Yamanote Line and Keihin-Tohoku Line trains. Tracks 5 to 9 on two island platforms and one side of a terminal platform lead to the Ueno-Tokyo Line to Tokyo Station and beyond on the Tokaido Main Line. Tracks 10 to 12 terminate inside the building, and below these on a lower deck are further terminal tracks 13 to 17 (Track No.18 has been removed). Two subterranean island platforms serve Shinkansen tracks 19 to 22.
Tokyo Metro platforms
Both the Ginza and Hibiya line station have two tracks. However, unlike in other Tokyo Metro stations, each line's tracks are counted separately.
|1||○ Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line||for Ginza, Roppongi and Naka-Meguro|
|2||○ Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line||for Kita-Senju, Kuki and Minami-Kurihashi (via Tobu Skytree Line)|
|1||○ Tokyo Metro Ginza Line||for Shibuya|
|2||○ Tokyo Metro Ginza Line||for Asakusa|
|Tohoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen
Joetsu Shinkansen, Hokuriku Shinkansen
(weekends and national holidays)
|Tokyo||All services||see below|
|Utsunomiya Line, Takasaki Line, Ueno-Tokyo Line|
|Jōban Line, Ueno-Tokyo Line|
|Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-16)|
|Ueno-hirokōji (G-15)||-||Inarichō (G-17)|
|Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-17)|
|Naka-Okachimachi (H-16)||-||Iriya (H-18)|
A few Shinkansen trains pass non-stop through this station.
The station opened on July 28, 1883. After the destruction of this first building in the fires caused by the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, Japanese Government Railways constructed the current station buildings. In 1927, Tokyo Underground Railway (now Tokyo Metro) opened Japan's first subway line from here to Asakusa Station. Following World War II, the neighbourhood in front of Ueno Station was a major center of black market activity. Today, that market is gathering people as a name of Ameya-Yokochō.
In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by 181,880 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the thirteenth-busiest station operated by JR East. In fiscal 2013, the Tokyo Metro station was used by an average of 211,539 passengers per day (exiting and entering passengers), making it the eighth-busiest station operated by Tokyo Metro.
The daily passenger figures for each operator in previous years are as shown below.
|Fiscal year||JR East||Tokyo Metro|
- Note that JR East figures are for boarding passengers only.
- ＪＲ東日本:東京−上野の新線 愛称を「上野東京ライン」 [JR East names new line between Tokyo and Ueno "Ueno-Tokyo Line"]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- 山手線上野駅に可動式ホーム柵設置 [Platform edge doors installed at Yamanote Line Ueno Station]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 16 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2013年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗降人員ランキング [Station usage ranking] (in Japanese). Tokyo Metro. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （1999年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 1999)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2000年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2005年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2011年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 駅別乗降人員順位表（2011年度1日平均） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyo Metro. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2012年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗降人員ランキング (2012年) [Station usage ranking (2012)] (in Japanese). Tokyo Metro. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ueno Station.|
- Ueno Station (Tokyo Metro) (Japanese)
- Ueno Station (JR East) (Japanese)
- JR East Ueno Station map
- Ueno Station Panorama