Uenohara (上野原町 Uenohara-chō) was a town located in Kitatsuru District, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan.
As of 2004, the area within the former town of Uenohara had an estimated population of 26555 and a density of 211.58 persons per km². The total area was 125.51 km².
On February 13, 2005, Uenohara (formerly from Kitatsuru District), absorbed the village of Akiyama (from Minamitsuru District) to create the city of Uenohara.
- Mountains: Mount Mikuni, Mount Ōgi, Mount Mitō
- Rivers: Sagami River, Nakama River, Tsuru River
The following are the municipalities that surrounded the town of Uenohara before it was merged.