Uglegorsk, Amur Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Uglegorsk.
Uglegorsk (English)
Углегорск (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Settlement[1]
Uglegorsk is located in Amur Oblast
Uglegorsk
Uglegorsk
Location of Uglegorsk in Amur Oblast
Coordinates: 51°45′37″N 128°07′16″E / 51.76028°N 128.12111°E / 51.76028; 128.12111Coordinates: 51°45′37″N 128°07′16″E / 51.76028°N 128.12111°E / 51.76028; 128.12111
Rural locality Day October 27[2]
Administrative status (as of November 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Amur Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[1]
Administrative center of Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2013)
Urban okrug Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[3]
Head[citation needed] Marina Zenina[citation needed]
Representative body Council of People's Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 5,892 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Founded 1961[2]
Previous names Svobodny-18 (until 1994)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 676470
Dialing code(s) +7 41643[citation needed]
Official website

Uglegorsk (Russian: Углего́рск) is a closed rural locality (a settlement) in Amur Oblast, Russia, located on the Bolshaya Pyora River (a tributary of the Zeya), 110 kilometers (68 mi) from the border with China and 180 kilometers (110 mi) north of Blagoveshchensk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 5,892 (2010 Census);[4] 5,050 (2002 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1961.[2] From 1969 to 1994, it was called Svobodny-18 and was established in order to serve the nearby ICBM base of the Soviet Armed Forces.[citation needed] The name was given after another settlement called Svobodny which lies 50 kilometers (31 mi) south of it. The closed status was assigned by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of October 19, 1965.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Uglegorsk Urban Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban okrug status.[3]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The settlement contains thirty-three blocks of residential homes and a boiler room. There is a secondary school, a children's arts school, two kindergartens, and a hospital.

Transportation[edit]

Ledyanaya railway station serves Uglegorsk and is located 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from it on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The Amur Highway (M58) also passes there.

Vostochny cosmodrome[edit]

Main article: Vostochny Cosmodrome

In July 2010, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin announced that the area would be the site of a new Vostochny cosmodrome ("Eastern Spaceport"), to reduce Russian dependence on the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.[8]

On early December 2011, a public debate held in Uglegorsk with the participation of officials from the Russian space industry in which the settlement's future in the context of the construction of the new cosmodrome was discussed. It was announced the south-eastern district will be expanded with six-, nine-, and twelve-story buildings designed for the settlement of 12,000 people. The buildings will be built using solid blocks which will be produced in a factory located at Svobodny south of Uglegorsk. The south-east neighborhood will be located on 140 acres near the old part of the settlement.[9]

In late March 2012, it was reported that settlement residents are concerned with increase in crime, a situation the local population associates with a massive influx of temporary workers involved in the construction of infrastructure for the Cosmodrome. Much of the construction workers live in former military barracks, converted into a hostel.[10]

Sports[edit]

The settlement has a sports complex. Its construction began in 2005 and was planned to be finished by 2009 but due to lack of funding opening was postponed two years later to 2011.[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Law #127-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Official website of Uglegorsk. Historical and Geographical Reference (Russian)
  3. ^ a b c Law #127-OZ stipulates that the municipal formations of the oblast are its administrative-territorial divisions.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ BBC News July 20, 2010
  9. ^ "Космодром Восточный может лишить Углегорск названия", Amur Port, December 2, 2011.
  10. ^ "Жители Углегорска жалуются на строителей амурского космодрома Восточный", Port Amur, March 27, 2012.
  11. ^ "В Углегорске откроется спорткомплекс", March 2011.

Sources[edit]

  • Амурский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №127-ОЗ от 23 декабря 2005 г. «О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области», в ред. Закона №272-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Амурской области "О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области"». Вступил в силу со дня первого официального опубликования, за исключением подпункта "б" пункта 2 статьи 7, вступающего в силу с 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Амурская правда", №11, 24 января 2006 г. (Amur Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #127-OZ of December 23, 2005 On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast, as amended by the Law #272-OZ of November 11, 2013 On Amending the Law of Amur Oblast "On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast". Effective as of the day of the first official publication, with the exception of subitem "b" of item 2 of Article 7, which is effective January 1, 2006.).