Ugrasena

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ugrasena
A painting of Ugrasena and Krishna seated
Krishna and Ugrasena
Information
Title King
Spouse(s) Padmavati
Children Kamsa and Devaki
Balarama and Krishna being received at the court of the King Ugrasena at Mathura

Ugrasena (Sanskrit: उग्रसेन) is a legendary king in Hindu mythology. He was the king of Mathura, a kingdom that was established by the powerful Vrishni tribes from Chandravanshi clan.Lord Krishna is the grandson of Ugrasena.He established his grandfather as the ruler of Mathura again after defeat his uncle King Kamsa who is a wicked ruler.Before this King Ugrasena was overthrown from power by Kamsa his own son and he sentenced Ugrasena his father and his sister Devaki and her husband Vasudeva to prison.They are parents of Lord Krishna.

Legends[edit]

According to the Vayu Purana (96.134), Ugrasena belonged to the Kukura clan (Kukurodbhava).[1] According to the Puranas, he was son of Ahuka.[2]

After the death of Kamsa by the hands of Krishna, Ugrasena was installed the King of Mathura and ruled over the kingdom for a while. The crown prince under his second reign was Krishna's father, Vasudeva. During Ugrasena's reign, the sages Vishwamitra, Narada and Kanwa came to meet Krishna. The sons of Krishna decided to play a joke on the sages by disguising Samba as a pregnant woman and asked whether the child would be male or female. The sages who had occult vision came to know that they were playing a prank on them. The sages then cursed that Samba would deliver an iron rod which will annihlate the whole Yadava clan.[citation needed] As per the curse, Samba next day delivered an iron rod. The Yadavas gave news about this incident to Ugrasena who had the rod turned into powder and thrown into the sea. He also prohibited liquor in his kingdom. Sometime after this incident he died and attained heaven. He along with Bhurshiravas, Shalya, Uttara and his brother Shankha, Vasudeva, Bhuri, Kamsa joined the company of Devas in heaven.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, B.C. (1973). Tribes in Ancient India, Bhandarkar Oriental Series No.4, Poona: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, p.389
  2. ^ Pargiter, F.E. (1972). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, p.105.
  3. ^ Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Puranas. 1. Sarup & Sons. 2001. p. 1315. ISBN 9788176252263. Retrieved 2015-06-23.