Uijong of Goryeo

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Uijong of Goryeo
Hangul 의종
Hanja 毅宗
Revised Romanization Uijong
McCune–Reischauer Ŭijong
Birth name
Hangul 왕현
Hanja 王晛
Revised Romanization Wang Hyeon
McCune–Reischauer Wang Hyŏn
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Ilseung
McCune–Reischauer Ilsŭng
Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1274
  25. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  26. Chungseon 1308–1313
  27. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  28. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  29. Chungmok 1344–1348
  30. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  31. Gongmin 1351–1374
  32. U 1374–1388
  33. Chang 1388–1389
  34. Gongyang 1389–1392


King Uijong of Goryeo (23 May 1127 – 7 November 1173) (r. 1146–1170) was the 18th monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He honored his advisors with many ceremonies but hated the warriors, often forcing them to participate in martial arts competitions for the entertainment of himself and the civil officials, as well as assigning them petty portions during land distributions. He also was often drunk, further angering the warriors. Finally, in the autumn of 1170, after constant discriminations, the rage of the military officials burst. Three warriors (Jeong Jung-bu, Yi Ui-bang, Yi Go) and others, started a military revolt, murdering the civil officials, deposing King Uijong, and appointing a new king in his place.

He was preceded by Injong and succeeded by Myeongjong.

Family[edit]

  • Father: King Injong (仁宗 인종)
  • Mother: Queen Gongye of the Jangheung Im clan (恭睿王后 任氏 공예왕후 임씨, September 7, 1109 - November 1183)[1]
  • Consorts and their Respective Issue:
  1. Queen Janggyeong of the Kim[2] clan (莊敬王后 金氏 장경왕후 김씨, dates unknown)[3]
    1. Wang Ki,[4] the Crown Prince Hyoryeong (王祈 孝靈太子 왕기 효령태자, 1149 - ?), Only son
    2. Princess Gyeongdeok (敬德宮主 경덕궁주, dates unknown), 1st daughter.[5]
    3. Princess Ancheong (安貞宮主 안정궁주, dates unknown), 2nd daughter.[6]
    4. Princess Hwasun[7] (和順宮主 화순궁주, dates unknown), 3rd daughter.[8]
  2. Queen Jangseon of the Jiksan Choe clan (莊宣王后 崔氏 장선왕후 최씨, dates unknown)[9] - No issue
  3. Palace Lady Mubi (宮人 無比 궁인 무비, dates unknown) - No issue(?)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Known then as Dowager Queen Gongye (恭睿太后 공예태후).
  2. ^ She is part of the Gaeseong Wang clan (開城王氏 개성왕씨), but since the royal family is also of the same clan lineage (she is the great-granddaughter of King Munjong on her father's side), she is officially declared as part of the Kim clan (金氏 김씨), which is her stepmother's clan. But once she became Queen Consort her true lineage was still recognized (History of Goryeo, Volume 17, Uijong's 3rd year, April 1152: "戊寅 王妃王氏生元子.").
  3. ^ Daughter of Wang On (王溫 왕온), Lord Gangneung (江陵公 강릉공).
  4. ^ His first name was Wang Hong (王泓 왕홍).
  5. ^ Later married Wang Pyeong (王評 왕평).
  6. ^ Later married Wang Bak (王璞 왕박).
  7. ^ She's also known as Princess Sunhwa (順和宮主 순화궁주)
  8. ^ Later married Wang Myeon (王沔 왕면).
  9. ^ Daughter of Choe Dan (崔端 최단).
Uijong of Goryeo
Born: 23 May 1127 Died: 7 November 1173
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Injong
King of Korea
Goryeo
1146–1170
Succeeded by
Myeongjong