|Coordinates: 33°46′S 25°24′E / 33.767°S 25.400°ECoordinates: 33°46′S 25°24′E / 33.767°S 25.400°E|
|Municipality||Nelson Mandela Bay|
|• Total||75.35 km2 (29.09 sq mi)|
|Elevation||103 m (338 ft)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||23.8%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
Uitenhage (/ˈjuːtənheɪɡ/ YOO-tən-hayg; Afrikaans: [œitənˈɦɑːχə]), officially renamed Kariega, is a South African town in the Eastern Cape Province. It is well known for the Volkswagen factory located there, which is the biggest car factory on the African continent. Along with the city of Port Elizabeth and the small town of Despatch, it forms the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality.
Uitenhage was founded on 25 April 1804 by landdrost (district magistrate) Jacob Glen Cuyler and named in honour of the Cape's Commissioner-General Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist by the Dutch Cape Colony governor, Jan Willem Janssens. Uitenhage formed part of the district of Graaff Reinet (shortly after its short-lived secession).
The Cape Colony received a degree of independence when "Responsible Government" was declared in 1872. In 1875, the Cape government of John Molteno took over the rudimentary Uitenhage railway site, incorporated it into the Cape Government Railways (CGR), and began construction of the lines connecting Uitenhage to Port Elizabeth and the Southern African interior. Two years later in 1877, Uitenhage was declared a municipality.
Nearly a hundred years later, as part of the Republic of South Africa, Uitenhage became a centre for resistance against apartheid. In 1985, police opened fire on a funeral procession in Uitenhage, killing a number of unarmed people, in an event that became notorious as an example of police oppression in South Africa under apartheid.
In 2001 it was incorporated with Port Elizabeth and Despatch into the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. On 23 February 2021, Minister of Sports, Arts and Culture, Nathi Mthethwa approved and gazetted the decision to rename Uitenhage to Kariega along with the neighbouring city of Port Elizabeth which was changed to Gqeberha.
Uitenhage is located 30 km north-west of Port Elizabeth. Its neighbouring town of Despatch and township KwaNobuhle, the city of Port Elizabeth and other surrounding areas form the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality.
Uitenhage is also located at the beginning of the Mohair Route which stretches to Graaff-Reinet (considered the centre for mohair farming) via Jansenville on Route 75.
Uitenhage is known for the large industries situated there. The largest of these industries are the Volkswagen of South Africa and Goodyear factories. An automotive supplier park, Alexander Park Industrial, has also been created directly next to the Volkswagen factory, thus allowing automotive component manufacturers to construct their manufacturing plants close by.
Uitenhage is at the junction of regional and metropolitan routes and has access to many roads.
- The R75 links to Despatch and Port Elizabeth in the south and Jansenville and Graaff-Reinet in the north.
- The M19 links to Despatch, Ibhayi and Swartkops in the east.
- The R334 links to Motherwell and Coega to the east and KwaNobuhle and the R102 (which also connects to the N2 to Humansdorp and Cape Town) in the south-west.
- The M10 links to Despatch, Bethelsdorp and Port Elizabeth in the south.
- Loyiso Bala, South African R&B singer; part of Bala Brothers ground and TKZee
- Mihlali Mosi, professional Rugby Player from Muir College Boys' High School
- Zikhona Bali, actress acts as Asanda on DiepCity
- Linky Boshoff, South African tennis player from Riebeek College Girls' High School
- Okkert Brits, Olympic pole vaulter
- Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe, British Army officer who was awarded the Victoria Cross
- Annatjie van Deventer, netball
- Deshun Deysel, international business coach and mountaineer
- Heloise Ferreira, Van Wyk - netball
- Carel Fourie, Springbok rugby wing; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool
- Marie Hayes, netball
- Nantie Hayward, South African cricketer who now plays in the Indian Cricket League
- Allan Hendrickse, preacher-teacher-politician from apartheid politics
- Mcebisi Jonas, former deputy Finance Minister, active member of ANC's Uitenhage branch
- Deon Kayser, rugby player
- Johann van der Merwe, Springbok rugby centre 1969/70 British tour; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool
- Bicks Ndoni, former mayor of Uitenhage and ANC politician
- Smuts Ngonyama, ANC National Spokesman during Thabo Mbeki's Era. Recently appointed South African Ambassador to Spain
- Anrich Nortje, South African cricketer
- Charles Robert Redcliffe, Labour Party politician, community leader and anti-apartheid activist
- Christo van Rensburg, South African tennis player, ATP-ranked
- Enoch Sontonga, composer of Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika which is now part of the national anthem
- James Wide, double leg amputee railway signalman and owner of Jack the signal-baboon
- Garth Wright, Springbok rugby scrum-half from Muir College
- Lee-Roy Wright, South African actor and television presenter
- Jack – a chacma baboon trained to assist signalman James Wide, who had both legs amputated.
- Masjid al-Qudama (1849), is one of the oldest mosques in the country.
- Cuyler Manor, historic house museum
Coats of arms
Drostdy — In 1804, the Cape colonial government assigned the shield of Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist's arms to the new Uitenhage drostdy. The arms were Sable, a cross moline Argent, i.e. a silver cross moline on a black shield. An anchor was placed behind the shield. The British authorities discontinued the drostdy seals in 1814, and replaced them with the royal coat of arms.
Municipality — In 1881, the Uitenhage municipal council adopted the De Mist arms, complete with a crest consisting of a cross moline issuing from a gold coronet. The arms were registered with the Cape Provincial Administration in September 1956 and at the Bureau of Heraldry in June 1994.
Divisional council — The Uitenhage divisional council (the local authority for the rural areas outside the town) assumed a coat of arms in 1968. The arms were granted by the provincial administrator in August 1968 and registered at the Bureau of Heraldry in June 1972.
On the arms were stated: "Or, a triple crowned tree Vert, the trunk entwined with the Batavian tricolour; on a chief wavy Sable a cross moline between dexter a pickaxe and hammer in saltire, handles downwards and sinister two scrolls in saltire, Argent." In layman's terms, the design was a golden shield displaying, from top to bottom, a crossed pickaxe and hammer, a cross moline and two crossed scrolls on a black horizontal strip with a wavy edge, and a triple-crowned tree with a Batavian Republic flag wrapped around it.
The crest was an elephant, and the motto Per laborem ad honorem.
- ^ Robson, Linda Gillian (2011). "Annexure A". The Royal Engineers and Settlement Planning in the Cape Colony 1806–1872: Approach, Methodology and Impact (PhD thesis). University of Pretoria. pp. xlv–lii. hdl:2263/26503., based on Floyd (1960:20–26)
- ^ a b c d "Main Place Uitenhage". Census 2011.
- ^ Lass, Roger (1990), "A 'standard' South African vowel system", in Ramsaran, Susan (ed.), Studies in the Pronunciation of English: A Commemorative Volume in Honour of A.C. Gimson, Routledge, p. 283, ISBN 978-0-41507180-2
- ^ "Two SA airports – and Port Elizabeth – just got official new names". BusinessInsider. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
- ^ "Uitenhage is founded". sahistory. Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- ^ Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, p.66. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5
- ^ Thornton, R. J. (1990). "The Shooting at Uitenhage, South Africa, 1985: The Context and Interpretation of Violence". American Ethnologist. 17 (2): 217–236. doi:10.1525/ae.1990.17.2.02a00020. JSTOR 645077. S2CID 73539066.
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- ^ "It is Official, Port Elizabeth Has a New Name — Gqeberha". HeraldLIVE. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
- ^ "Port Elizabeth Map | South Africa Google Satellite Maps". www.maplandia.com. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
- ^ "Distance Port-Elizabeth, Nelson-Mandela-Bay, Eastern-Cape, ZAF > Uitenhage, Nelson-Mandela-Bay-Metropolitan-Municipality, Eastern-Cape, ZAF - Air line, driving route, midpoint". www.distance.to. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
- ^ "Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality : Loyiso Bala". nelsonmandelabay.gov.za.
- ^ Combrinck, Heilie (30 June 2016). "First local TEDx conference hosts famous guests". UD News. Uitenhage. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- ^ McGregor, Liz (21 March 2005). "Obituary: The Rev Allan Hendrickse". UD News. Uitenhage. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- ^ Reporter, Citizen. "Details: How Mcebisi Jonas could make his political comeback". The Citizen. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
- ^ Biyela, Lunga (3 April 2014). "Kayser happy to share". The Witness. Durban. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- ^ Moonda, Firdose. "Anrich Nortje". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN Sports Media Limited. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
- ^ "Players | ATP Tour | Tennis". ATP Tour.
- ^ Illustrated Guide to the Southern African Coast, AA the Motorist Publications, 1988, page 164
- ^ "The Captain's Table: Panel: Garth Wright".
- ^ "Lee-Roy Wright". tvsa.co.za.
- ^ Schalk, le Roux (June 2007). "The First Mosque: Caledon Street, Uitenhage" (PDF). Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Kultuurgeskiedenis (South African Journal of Cultural History). 21 (1): 59. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
it is deduced that the mosque in Caledon Street was a completed building by March 1849
- ^ Pama, C. (1965) Lions and Virgins.
- ^ Cape Town Gazette 418 (15 January 1814).
- ^ The arms were depicted on a cigarette card issued in 1931.
- ^ Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 2833 (28 September 1956).
- ^ a b "National Archives of South Africa (NASA) Database Selection". www.national.archsrch.gov.za.
- ^ Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 3470 (9 August 1968).
- Sellick, W.S.J. (1904). Uitenhage, past and present : souvenir of the Centenary, 1804-1904.