Ujjain

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Ujjain District.
Ujjain
उज्जैन
Avantika
Metropolis
The Holy City of Ujjain
Nickname(s): The City of Temples
Ujjain is located in Madhya Pradesh
Ujjain
Ujjain
Coordinates: 23°10′58″N 75°46′38″E / 23.182778°N 75.777222°E / 23.182778; 75.777222Coordinates: 23°10′58″N 75°46′38″E / 23.182778°N 75.777222°E / 23.182778; 75.777222
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
Region Malwa
District Ujjain
Government
 • Body Ujjain Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Rameshwar Akhand (BJP)
 • Municipal Commissioner Sonu Gehlot
Area
 • Total 152 km2 (59 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 515,215
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi,
 • Other Malavi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 456001
Telephone code 0734
Vehicle registration MP-13
Climate Cfa (Köppen)
Precipitation 900 millimetres (35 in)
Avg. annual temperature 24.0 °C (75.2 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 17 °C (63 °F)
Website ujjain.nic.in

Ujjain /ˈn/ About this sound listen  (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantika, Avantikapuri), is an ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River (Hindi: क्षिप्रा) in the Malwa region of central India. The city is today part of the state of Madhya Pradesh, and it is the administrative centre of Ujjain District and Ujjain Division.

The city is a place of pilgrimage for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and followers of Shakta.[1] It was a capital of Avanti and, according to Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, "was one of the earliest outposts in central India ... it showed traces of incipient urbanisation as early as about 700 BC."[2]

Geography[edit]

Ujjain is located in the west-central part of India, and is north of the upper limit of the Vindhya mountain ranges. Located on the Malwa plateau, it is higher than the north Indian plains and the land rises towards the Vindhya Range to the south. Ujjain's coordinate are 23°10′N 75°46′E / 23.167°N 75.767°E / 23.167; 75.767 with average elevation of 494m metres (1620 ft).[3] Region is an extension of the Deccan Traps, formed between 60 and 68 million years ago[4][5] at the end of the Cretaceous period. In this region the main classes of soil are black, brown and bhatori (stony) soil. The volcanic, clay-like soil of the region owes its black colour to the high iron content of the basalt from which it formed. The soil requires less irrigation because of its high capacity for moisture retention. City is on the bank of river Shipra which falls into nearby flowing Chambal.

Ujjain
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
10
 
 
25
8
 
 
4.5
 
 
29
10
 
 
3.3
 
 
34
14
 
 
3
 
 
38
19
 
 
8.7
 
 
40
24
 
 
125
 
 
37
24
 
 
306
 
 
30
23
 
 
331
 
 
29
22
 
 
145
 
 
31
21
 
 
28
 
 
33
17
 
 
19
 
 
30
12
 
 
12
 
 
26
9
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [6]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Mahakal Temple
Ujjain Kumbh Mela