|Country||Papua New Guinea|
|LLG||Kainantu Rural LLG|
|Elevation||1,500 m (4,900 ft)|
|• Main languages||English, Tok Pisin, Gadsup, Tairora|
|Time zone||UTC+10 (AEST)|
|Location||11 km (6.8 mi) from Kainantu|
Ukarumpa is an international community that is the main centre for SIL, located in the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. It lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) by road from Kainantu in the Aiyura Valley. The population consists of a variety of paid staff and volunteer staff who live nearby. The centre was established in 1957. The current population is approximately 600. It is at an elevation of approx. 5200 feet above sea level.
The 99-year lease for the 500 acres (2.0 km2) at Ukarumpa was signed by Dick Pittman, accompanied by founding Director, Dr. James C. ("Jim") Dean for the Summer Institute of Linguistics on 4 October 1956. Jim Dean was the founding Director of the Summer Institute of Linguistics in the (then) United Nations mandated Australian Trust Territory of New Guinea and remained as Director until he was reassigned to establish the S.I.L. operations in India in the mid-1960s.
The 500 acres (2.0 km2) had been the Peacock Plantation, a failed commercial venture. Before that, however, it was a plot of land that was used as the tribal war lands of the nearby tribes (and traditional enemies), the Gadsup and Tairora. Because the land was vacant in the mid-1950s, and only a portion of it, near the Bae'e river, was suitable for gardens, the Australian administrators offered it as one of several potential sites for the SIL base of operations.
Originally the land was open kunai (a type of waist-high grass with sharp-edged leaves) with few trees and no development. The members built homes and planted trees which continue to attract bird life. All of the buildings and roads were built by mission volunteers with financial donations from churches and individuals in their home countries.
The function of Ukarumpa is to serve as an operations base for translators, linguists, literacy specialists, teachers and other professionals, who are mainly volunteer workers with SIL. SIL International is an organization that places a strong emphasis on linguistic research and Bible translation.
Ukarumpa is located on the Bae River. The Bae originates upstream from Ukarumpa and runs through the Gadsup area on to Kainantu. It lies at an altitude of approximately 1,500 metres (4,900 ft). The climate is Equatorial Highland; there are cool days and nights, with daily afternoon rains between November and March.
- Ukarumpa International School
- Ukarumpa International School website
- SIL PNG Website on PNG languages
- SIL PNG