Ukhta

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Ukhta

Ухта
Other transcription(s)
 • KomiУква
View of Ukhta from Vetlosyan
View of Ukhta from Vetlosyan
Coat of arms of Ukhta
Coat of arms
Location of Ukhta
Ukhta is located in Russia
Ukhta
Ukhta
Location of Ukhta
Ukhta is located in Komi Republic
Ukhta
Ukhta
Ukhta (Komi Republic)
Coordinates: 63°34′N 53°42′E / 63.567°N 53.700°E / 63.567; 53.700Coordinates: 63°34′N 53°42′E / 63.567°N 53.700°E / 63.567; 53.700
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKomi Republic[1]
Founded1929
Town status since1943
Government
 • MayorGrigory Konenkov
Area
 • Total13,200 km2 (5,100 sq mi)
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 • Total99,591
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
97,087 (-2.5%)
 • Rank166th in 2010
 • Density7.5/km2 (20/sq mi)
 • Subordinated totown of republic significance of Ukhta[1]
 • Capital oftown of republic significance of Ukhta[1]
 • Urban okrugUkhta Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofUkhta Urban Okrug[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
169300
Dialing code(s)+7 8216[7]
OKTMO ID87725000001
Websitemouhta.ru

Ukhta (Russian: Ухта́; Komi: Уква, Ukva) is an important industrial town in the Komi Republic of Russia. Population: 99,591 (2010 Census);[2] 103,340 (2002 Census);[8] 110,548 (1989 Census).[9]

It was previously known as Chibyu (until 1939).

History[edit]

Oil springs along the Ukhta River were already known in the 17th century. In the mid-19th century, industrialist M. K. Sidorov started to drill for oil in this area. It was one of the first oil wells in Russia. There was homecraft oil-field in 1920–1921 in Ukhta. Lying on the river of the same name, the settlement was founded as the village of Chibyu in 1929, but in 1939 it was renamed Ukhta.[citation needed] It was granted town status in 1943 when it was linked to the Pechora Railway.[citation needed] To the east of the town is Sosnogorsk, and to the southwest—Yarega. In addition to its rail link, Ukhta also has an airport.

The town expanded in the 1940s and 1950s by use of political prisoners' forced labor (see: gulag).

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with four urban-type settlements (Borovoy, Vodny, Shudayag, and Yarega) and thirteen rural localities, incorporated as the town of republic significance of Ukhta—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Ukhta is incorporated as Ukhta Urban Okrug.[4]

Economy[edit]

Ukhta lies within the Timan-Pechora Basin, an important oil and gas-producing region. The oilfields lie just south of the city. Some of the Ukhta's oil is refined locally; most, however, is piped to oil refineries between St. Petersburg and Moscow. There were a few gas pipeline explosions at a distance of five miles from the town since the 1990s.

Climate[edit]

Ukhta has a continental subarctic climate[10] with cold winters and short warm summers. Compared with areas at a similar latitude in Siberia, winters are less extreme, but still much longer than summer and bitterly cold by European standards.

Climate data for Ukhta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
3.0
(37.4)
13.0
(55.4)
23.8
(74.8)
30.1
(86.2)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
32.5
(90.5)
27.4
(81.3)
20.0
(68.0)
8.2
(46.8)
3.6
(38.5)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
4.6
(40.3)
12.0
(53.6)
19.0
(66.2)
22.1
(71.8)
17.3
(63.1)
10.7
(51.3)
2.8
(37.0)
−6.0
(21.2)
−10.6
(12.9)
3.8
(38.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.5
(2.3)
−14.7
(5.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.3
(43.3)
13.3
(55.9)
16.5
(61.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.9
(44.4)
0.4
(32.7)
−8.9
(16.0)
−13.8
(7.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
Average low °C (°F) −20.0
(−4.0)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−10.9
(12.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
1.5
(34.7)
8.2
(46.8)
11.6
(52.9)
8.4
(47.1)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−11.3
(11.7)
−17.2
(1.0)
−4.2
(24.4)
Record low °C (°F) −48.5
(−55.3)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−39.2
(−38.6)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−16.9
(1.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−3.9
(25.0)
−8.8
(16.2)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−49.0
(−56.2)
−49.0
(−56.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.3)
26
(1.0)
29
(1.1)
28
(1.1)
44
(1.7)
66
(2.6)
71
(2.8)
69
(2.7)
54
(2.1)
55
(2.2)
40
(1.6)
39
(1.5)
553
(21.8)
Source: Weatherbase[11]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #16-RZ
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Law #11-RZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ "dialing codes ref".
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ "Ukhta, Russia Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  11. ^ "Ukhta, Russia Travel Weather Averages". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on February 19, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Государственный Совет Республики Коми. Закон №13-РЗ от 6 марта 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Коми», в ред. Закона №171-РЗ от 26 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Верхняя Седка, расположенного на территории Прилузского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №44, 16 марта 2006 г. (State Council of the Komi Republic. Law #16-RZ of March 6, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Komi Republic, as amended by the Law #171-RZ of December 26, 2014 On Abolishing the Inhabited Locality of Verkhnyaya Sedka Located on the Territory of Priluzsky District of the Komi Republic, and on Amending Various Laws of the Komi Republic Accordingly. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Коми. Закон №11-РЗ от 5 марта 2005 г. «О территориальной организации местного самоуправления в Республике Коми», в ред. Закона №171-РЗ от 26 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Верхняя Седка, расположенного на территории Прилузского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу 1 апреля 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Республика", №44–45, 17 марта 2005 г. (State Council of the Komi Republic. Law #11-RZ of March 5, 2005 On the Territorial Organization of the Local Self-Government in the Komi Republic, as amended by the Law #171-RZ of December 26, 2014 On Abolishing the Inhabited Locality of Verkhnyaya Sedka Located on the Territory of Priluzsky District of the Komi Republic, and on Amending Various Laws of the Komi Republic Accordingly. Effective as of April 1, 2005.).

External links[edit]