Ukiah, Oregon

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This article is about a city in northeastern Oregon. For the fictional character, see Ukiah Oregon.
Ukiah, Oregon
City
Ukiah skyline
Ukiah skyline
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°8′1″N 118°55′58″W / 45.13361°N 118.93278°W / 45.13361; -118.93278Coordinates: 45°8′1″N 118°55′58″W / 45.13361°N 118.93278°W / 45.13361; -118.93278
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Incorporated 1969
Government
 • Mayor Clint Barber
Area[1]
 • Total 0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
 • Land 0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,400 ft (1,000 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 186
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 188
 • Density 775.0/sq mi (299.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97880
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-75550[2]
GNIS feature ID 1151630[4]
Website www.cityofukiahoregon.com

Ukiah is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States. The population was 186 at the 2010 census. It is part of the PendletonHermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area. It was named by an early settler after the town of Ukiah, California.[5]

Ukiah is tied with Seneca, in Grant County, for the coldest official temperature in Oregon.[6] Ukiah dropped to −54 °F (−48 °C) on February 9, 1933, during a major cold snap across Siberia and North America.[7] On February 10, Seneca also hit −54 °F,[8] so the National Weather Service gives Seneca the record because it had the most recent occurrence of that temperature.[6][7]

History[edit]

The Camas Land Company platted Ukiah in August 1890. E. B. Gambee, who moved from Ukiah, California, to Oregon in 1881, suggested the name. DeWitt C. Whiting was the first postmaster in Ukiah, where a post office opened in September 1890.[9]

Geography[edit]

"Welcome to Ukiah" sign

Ukiah is in northeastern Oregon at the intersection of U.S. Route 395 and Oregon Route 244. The city is about 45 miles (72 km) south of Pendleton by highway and about 50 miles (80 km) northwest of LaGrande. It lies along Camas Creek, which flows west from the Blue Mountains and through the Umatilla National Forest east of the city. Camas Creek is a tributary of the North Fork John Day River.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.24 square miles (0.62 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 62 °F (17 °C). According to the Köppen climate classification system, Ukiah has a dry-summer humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dsb" on climate maps.[11]

Climate data for Ukiah
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(16)
70
(21)
75
(24)
87
(31)
93
(34)
100
(38)
106
(41)
110
(43)
104
(40)
92
(33)
76
(24)
68
(20)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 35.6
(2)
42.1
(5.6)
49
(9)
57.2
(14)
64.4
(18)
72.5
(22.5)
83.2
(28.4)
82.4
(28)
74.2
(23.4)
63.2
(17.3)
46.8
(8.2)
37.9
(3.3)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 13.9
(−10.1)
18.8
(−7.3)
23.5
(−4.7)
28.2
(−2.1)
33.2
(0.7)
37.9
(3.3)
39.7
(4.3)
37.9
(3.3)
32.3
(0.2)
27.2
(−2.7)
23
(−5)
17.5
(−8.1)
27.7
(−2.4)
Record low °F (°C) −46
(−43)
−54
(−48)
−17
(−27)
9
(−13)
12
(−11)
17
(−8)
21
(−6)
20
(−7)
8
(−13)
−2
(−19)
−32
(−36)
−38
(−39)
−54
(−48)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.92
(48.8)
1.5
(38)
1.43
(36.3)
1.41
(35.8)
1.73
(43.9)
1.67
(42.4)
0.54
(13.7)
0.67
(17)
0.84
(21.3)
1.34
(34)
1.92
(48.8)
2.14
(54.4)
17.1
(434)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 11.4
(29)
7.3
(18.5)
4.2
(10.7)
1.2
(3)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.3
(0.8)
4.8
(12.2)
8.8
(22.4)
38.4
(97.5)
Average precipitation days 12 10 11 10 9 8 3 4 5 7 11 12 102
Source: [12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 249
1990 250 0.4%
2000 255 2.0%
2010 186 −27.1%
Est. 2015 189 [13] 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 186 people, 79 households, and 48 families residing in the city. The population density was 775.0 inhabitants per square mile (299.2/km2). There were 122 housing units at an average density of 508.3 per square mile (196.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 2.2% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 2.7% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.[2]

There were 79 households of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.2% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.58.[2]

The median age in the city was 45 years. 28% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14% were from 25 to 44; 29% were from 45 to 64; and 21% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.2% male and 46.8% female.[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 255 people, 96 households, and 69 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,201.0 people per square mile (468.8/km²). There were 124 housing units at an average density of 584.0 per square mile (228.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.29% White, 2.75% Asian, 1.18% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population.[2]

There were 96 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.79.[2]

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.9 males.[2]

The median income for a household in the city was $34,773, and the median income for a family was $35,313. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $25,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,945. About 10.7% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under the age of 18 and 16.0% of those 65 or over.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Welcome to the City of Ukiah, Oregon". The City of Ukiah. Retrieved 2015-06-05. 
  6. ^ a b "Oregon's Top 10 Weather Events of the 1900's". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "54 below zero, Seneca is Oregon's Icebox". Oregon Photos. July 3, 2013. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
    This site also mentions Oregon's unofficial record low of −60 °F (−51 °C), recorded near Paulina Lake.
  8. ^ "United States Extreme Record Temperatures & Differences". Golden Gate Weather Services. 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
    This site uses information from the National Climatic Data Center.
  9. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 979. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  10. ^ The 2013 Road Atlas. Chicago: Rand McNally. 2013. p. 85. ISBN 978-052-80062-2-7. 
  11. ^ "Ukiah, Oregon". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. Retrieved 2015-06-05. 
  12. ^ "UKIAH, OR (358726)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]