Ukraine and the United Nations

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Ukraine
Flag of the United Nations.svg Flag of Ukraine.svg
United Nations membership
MembershipFull member
Since24 October 1945 (1945-10-24)
Former name(s)Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945–1991)
UNSC seatNon-permanent
Permanent RepresentativeVolodymyr Yelchenko

Ukraine was one of the founding members of the United Nations when it joined in 1945 as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic; along with the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukraine signed the United Nations Charter when they were part of the Soviet Union. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the newly-independent Ukraine retained its seat.

Activities in the United Nations[edit]

As of 2017, Ukraine is currently serving its fourth term as a non-permanent member in the United Nations Security Council in the Eastern European Group having previously served its terms in 1947-48, 1984-85 and 2000-01.

Following the annexation of Crimea to Russia in 2014, UN member states voted to retain recognition of Crimea as part of Ukraine.

History[edit]

Ukraine in the Soviet Union (1945–1991)[edit]

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Flag of the United Nations.svg Flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.svg
United Nations membership
MembershipFormer full member
Dates24 October 1945 (24 October 1945) – 26 December 1991 (26 December 1991)
UNSC seatNon-permanent
Permanent RepresentativeDmitry Manuilsky (1945-52)
Anatoliy Baranovsky (1952-54)
Luka Palamarchuk (1954-58)
Petro Udovychenko (1958-61)
Luka Kyzya (1961-64)
Sergiy Shevchenko (1964-68)
Mykhailo Polyanychko (1968-73)
Volodymyr Martynenko (1973-79)
Volodymyr Kravets (1979-84)
Hennadiy Udovenko (1984-92)

Ukraine signed the Charter of the United Nations as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on 26 June 1945 and came into force on 24 October 1945. Ukraine was among the first countries that signed the United Nations Charter, becoming a founding member of the United Nations among 51 countries. This provided the Soviet Union (a permanent Security Council member with veto powers) with another vote in the General Assembly. The latter aspect of the 1944 clauses, however, was never fulfilled and the republic's defense matters were managed by the Soviet Armed Forces and the Defense Ministry.

Dmitry Manuilsky, head of the Ukrainian delegation at the United Nations Conference on International Organization, held in April–June 1945 in San Francisco, was elected Chairman of the First Committee, which elaborated the Preamble and Chapter 1 (Purposes and Principles) of the United Nations Charter. Until 1958 the permanent mission of Ukraine was led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs rather than the permanent representative.

Another right that was granted but never used until 1991 was the right of the Soviet republics to secede from the union,[1] which was codified in each of the Soviet constitutions. Accordingly, Article 69 of the Constitution of the Ukrainian SSR stated: "The Ukrainian SSR retains the right to willfully secede from the USSR."[2] However, a republic's theoretical secession from the union was virtually impossible and unrealistic in many ways until after Gorbachev's perestroika reforms.

Independent Ukraine (since 1991)[edit]

During the events of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, on 26 August 1991, the Permanent Representative of the Ukrainian SSR,[3] Hennadiy Udovenko, informed the office of the Secretary General of the United Nations that his permanent mission to this international assembly would officially be designated as representing Ukraine.[3][4]

Since 1992, Ukraine has consistently supported peaceful, negotiated settlements to disputes. It has participated in the quadripartite talks on the conflict in Moldova and promoted a peaceful resolution to conflict in the post-Soviet state of Georgia. Ukraine also has made a substantial contribution to UN peacekeeping operations.

During the Ukrainian crisis between 2013 and 2014, the UN adopted Resolution 68/262 on March 27, 2014 entitled Territorial integrity of Ukraine by the sixty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly in response to the Russian annexation of Crimea. The non-binding resolution, which was supported by 100 United Nations member states, affirmed the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and underscored the invalidity of the 2014 Crimean referendum. Eleven nations voted against the resolution, while 58 abstained, and a further 24 states were absent when the vote took place.

See also[edit]

Emblem of the Ukrainian SSR.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Subtelny, p. 421.
  2. ^ "CONSTITUTION OF THE UKRAINIAN SSR 1978" (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Activities of the Member States - Ukraine". United Nations. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
  4. ^ U.N. Mission stresses statehood of Ukraine, The Ukrainian Weekly (1 September 1991)

External links[edit]