Ukrainian Association of Washington State

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Ukrainian Association of Washington State
Асоціація українців штату Вашингтон
Logo ukr amer sm.jpg
Formation27 September 1971 (1971-09-27)[1]
FounderWolodymyr Klos
Location
Coordinates47°47′18.33″N 122°16′32.93″W / 47.7884250°N 122.2758139°W / 47.7884250; -122.2758139Coordinates: 47°47′18.33″N 122°16′32.93″W / 47.7884250°N 122.2758139°W / 47.7884250; -122.2758139
President
Petro Drohomiretskiy[2]
Vice president
Lilya Kovalenko[3]
Secretary
Elina Salienko[3]
Treasurer
Oleksandr Dudyshyn[4]
Key people
Other members of the Board of Directors: Eduard Dudar, Maksym Kovalenko, Nazar Stetsyuk, Nazar Zaynchkovskiy, Valentyna Drohomyretskiy[3]
Main organ
Board of Directors[2]
Websitewww.uaws.org
Formerly called
Ukrainian American Club of Washington

Ukrainian Association of Washington State (Ukrainian: Асоціація українців штату Вашингтон, formerly Ukrainian American Club of Washington Ukrainian: Українсько - Американський клуб Вашингтону) is a regional non-profit organization that represents cultural and social interests of Americans of Ukrainian origin, promotes understanding between Americans and Ukrainians, and supports Ukrainian cultural and scientific centers worldwide.[1][2][5]

Founded in 1971, the association organizes cultural and political events for residents of Northwestern United States and British Columbia. Traditionally, the association participates in local and international cultural events and sponsors annual regional celebrations of Independence Day of Ukraine and the anniversary of birth of the famous Ukrainian poet, Taras Shevchenko.[2][6]

The association maintains relations with Ukrainian Congress Committee of America, with Ukrainian Embassy and Consulate, with Ukrainian diaspora in Canada, with Ukrainian churches of various denominations, and with other regional ethnic organizations.[7] According to different estimates, the association represents from 55,000[8] to 100,000 Americans of Ukrainian origin.[7][9]

History[edit]

1970s[edit]

Original application to the club
The Singing of the Proclamation supporting Ukrainian independence by Seattle Mayor, Wes Uhlman, in the presence of the Club's delegation, January 1976.

The Ukrainian Association of Washington State was founded in Seattle on September 27, 1971 initially under the name Ukrainian American Club of Washington.[10] The club's founder and its first president was an immigrant from Ukraine, Wolodymyr Klos.[1][7]

In the beginning of the 1970s, the club initiated a number of cultural and political events that became annual traditions. The first official event sponsored by the club was a Ukrainian Christmas celebration at the Museum of History and Industry in December 1971. Club members introduced Ukrainian Christmas traditions to the audience, and the club's choir sang Ukrainian Christmas carols. The museum also opened an exhibit of Ukrainian arts and crafts.[1][11] In the 1970s, similar Christmas events were regularly organized by the club.[12]

Since 1972 the club has also celebrated the birthday of Taras Shevchenko, a famous Ukrainian poet. In 1972, the first grand ceremony took place at St. James Cathedral.[13]

In 1973, the club held its first political activity by commemorating Ukrainian independence.[14] In 1973, Ukraine was still incorporated into the Soviet Union, and Ukrainian diaspora traditionally recognized January 22 as Ukrainian Independence day. On this day in 1918, Central Council of Ukraine has adopted its IV Universal proclaiming Ukrainian independence; however, Ukraine was subsequently overrun with Bolshevik armies and incorporated into the Soviet Union. In 1973 the event hosted hundreds of guests from the northwestern US and British Columbia. Proclamations in support of Ukrainian independence were signed by the governor of Washington Daniel Evans and Seattle mayor Wes Uhlman who delivered a speech during the event.[14][15]

In 1975, the club-sponsored the "Ukrainian Northwest Festival" in support of Ukrainian independence. Over 3500 guests from US and Canada attended the festival which featured Ukrainian artists, musicians, and dancers.[16] Former Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker and a number of US senators and congressional representatives sent their greeting messages to the festival's attendees.[16]

In 1976 in addition to its regular activities attended by thousands,[17] the club participated in the celebrations of United States Bicentennial[12][18] and organized a special exhibition of Ukrainian folk art associated with the event.[19][20]

1980s[edit]

In the 1980s, the club has continued its tradition of commemorating Independence Day of Ukraine and has organized proclamations in support of Ukrainian independence signed by Washington governors Dixy Lee Ray and Booth Gardner as well as by Seattle mayor Charles Royer.[21]

In September 1982, the club organized protests in support of the Reagan administration’s policy against the construction of the Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhgorod pipeline through Soviet Ukraine. The Reagan administration believed that such a project would make Europe dangerously dependent on Russian gas. Protests took place in Gas Works Park and were also supported by Americans of Eastern European origins.[22][23]

1990s[edit]

For Ukrainian diaspora, the most important event of the nineties was the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine of 1991 when Ukraine achieved true independence as the result of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. This event has triggered strong emotional reaction within the local diaspora.[7] The club's original founder, Wolodymyr Klos, returned to Ukraine. The club started raising money for the newly formed state of Ukraine including assistance to the victims of the Chernobyl disaster.[7]

In 1991, all club events related to the Ukrainian independence were moved from January 22 (the anniversary of IV Universal by Central Council of Ukraine) to August 24 – the current official Independence Day of Ukraine.[24]

Since 1991, the composition of Ukrainian diaspora of Washington State began to change. Most of the early club members immigrated to the United States from Halychyna after World War II fleeing Stalin's terror. These immigrants were exclusively native Ukrainian speakers and were largely parishioners of Ukrainian Orthodox Churches or of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. After 1991, newcomers to Washington State came from a variety of Ukrainian regions, and among those, the majority of churchgoers were Evangelical Protestants. As the result, Ukrainian diaspora of Washington State became more heterogeneous, and the club activities became unconnected to any particular Ukrainian church.[7][24]

21st century[edit]

US congressman Jim McDermott speaks at the event commemorating Holodomor, Seattle, 2008
Rallly in support of Orange Revolution, Seattle, 2004
Rally in support of Euromaidan, Seattle, 2014

In 2008, the association took part in the worldwide «Holodomor Remembrance Flame» event commemorating the 75th anniversary of Holodomor. After its journey through Australia and Canada, the torch entered the United States in Seattle where it was solemnly passed to the Ukrainian ambassador in US. The association has sponsored the event and the subsequent reception which was attended by officials from Ukraine, United States, and Canada.[25][26][27][28]

The most important events in the 21st century that affected the life of the association were the Orange Revolution of 2004 and Euromaidan with subsequent Impeachment of Viktor Yanukovych followed by 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine. These events have triggered mass protests in Ukraine, especially on Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kiev as well as protests within all Ukrainian diaspora.

In 2004, widespread falsification of the results of Ukrainian presidential election in favor of a pro-Russian candidate Victor Yanukovych has led to a political crisis and a series of civil disobedience actions that were dubbed «Orange Revolution». These events have led to a repeat vote that secured a victory for Yanukovich's rival, Viktor Yushchenko. The association took part in the protests supporting Orange Revolution and promoted fair and transparent election procedures. The association solicited the Ukrainian administration for the opportunity of Washington State Ukrainians who still kept their Ukrainian citizenship (est. 15,000 people) to vote in this election. For the initial vote, the Ukrainian embassy has declined the association's petition to open a polling place in Seattle area, and Ukrainian consulate in San Francisco located over 800 miles from Seattle remained the closest polling place available to local Ukrainians. The association has helped to organize a bus convoy from Seattle to San Francisco, so that at least some of the enfranchised Ukrainians could cast their votes.[29][30] During the repeat vote, the association has compelled the Ukrainian Embassy to open a polling place in Kent, Washington which was the only such concession made by the Ukrainian government during the presidential elections of 2004.[30][31]

In 2014, the association supported mass protests in Ukraine against abrupt decision of the Ukrainian government to discontinue the integration of Ukraine into the European Union. Rallies in support of Euromaidan were held in Seattle. The subsequent aggravation of the crisis, including the Impeachment of Viktor Yanukovych, the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, and followed 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, has sparked new waves of protests among local Ukrainians.[8] The association was raising money to support protesters in Ukraine,[9] took part in the reception in Seattle of Ukrainian families whose members were killed in the conflict,[32] and organized regional rallies and protests.[33]

Organizational Structure[edit]

The association's main organ is the Board of Directors which is composed of nine members.[4] The Board of Directors elects an executive president. Current directors are Petro Drohomiretskiy (president), Lilya Kovalenko (also a vice-president), Elina Salienko (also a secretary), Oleksandr Dudyshyn (also a treasurer), Eduard Dudar, Maksym Kovalenko, Nazar Stetsyuk, Nazar Zaynchkovskiy, and Valentyna Drohomyretskiy.[2][3] The association publishes quarterly reports for its members.[6]

Presidents of Ukrainian Association of Washington State[34]
Danysh-2011 copy.jpg Krynytzkiy-2012.JPG No free image - man.svg No free image - man.svg Lemcio-2012.JPG Kihichak-2012.JPG Drogomiretskiy-2012.JPG
Wolodymyr Klos
1971—1979
Orest Danysh
1979—1986,
1989—1992
Alex Krynytzky
1986—1988
Volodymyr Kunko
1988—1989
Ihor Danysh
1992—1994
Yevhen Lemcio
1994—2000,
2004—2006
Luba Kihichak
2000—2004
Petro Drogomiretskiy from 2006

Activities[edit]

Cultural activities[edit]

From its foundation, one of the main activities of the association was preservation and cultivation of Ukrainian culture in the region. The association traditionally celebrates anniversaries of birth of Taras Shevchenko, participates in regional Christmas festival, represents Ukrainian culture on Northwest Folklife Festival and other festivals in US and Canada.[35][36]

External video
Presentation video of «Barvinok» folk group

From 2004, The association sponsors folk dance group «Barvinok»[37] which participated and won multiple awards on international Ukrainian festivals in Ukrainian dance category. For example, in 2010 on Ukrainian festival in Canada, «Barvinok» won 4 gold and 2 silver medals.[38]

In 1973, the association has organized Ukrainian language courses in the University of Washington.[39] The association continues to sponsor Ukrainian Studies in the university.[2] In addition, the association sponsors Ukrainian languages classes for children and offers emergency language support in the region.[6][40][41]

The association organizes concerts of Ukrainian artists in Seattle area. Among these artists who performed in Seattle were Vasyl Nechepa, Vasyl Shkliar, and Anastasia Prikhodko.[7][34]

Even though, during the last 15 years, Ukrainian diaspora became culturally heterogeneous, the association activists see these developments as an opportunity to expand and amplify Ukrainian cultural heritage.[42]

Cultural events sponsored by the association
200th anniversary of the birth of Taras Shevchenko.jpg CulturalFest-FIUTS.jpg
Performance of Taras Shevchenko's play Nazar Stodolya in Renton theater, 2014 «Barvinok» junior class performance on Ukrainian festival in Canada, 2010 «Barvinok» senior class performance on Northwest Folklife Festival, 2013

Political activities[edit]

The association has begun its political activities with the events that commemorated the proclamation of Ukrainian independence in January 22, 1918. In the northwestern United States, the first such event took place in Seattle in 1973. Prior to Ukraine genuine independence obtained in 1991, the association inspired various American officials to sign proclamations in support of Ukrainian independence. Among officials who signed these proclamations were Seattle mayors Wes Uhlman and Charles Royer as well as Governors of Washington Daniel J. Evans, Dixy Lee Ray, and Booth Gardner.[21][43][44]

Proclamations in support of Ukrainian Independence inspired by the association
Ukrainian Independence Mayor Proclamation 1974.png Ukrainian Independence Governor Proclamation 1976.png Ukrainian Independence Governor Proclamation 1980.png Ukrainian Independence Mayor Proclamation 1980.png Ukrainian Independence Governor Proclamation 1987.png
signed by Wesley C. Uhlman signed by Daniel J. Evans signed by Dixy Lee Ray signed by Charles Royer signed by Booth Gardner
A flier in support of Richard Nixon printed for Presidential elections of 1972
A Rally nearby Russian Consulate in Seattle in support of freedom for Nadiya Savchenko, 2015

Before Ukraine obtained its independence from USSR in 1991, the association traditionally supported to greater extent Republican Party (United States), because Republicans historically took harder line towards the USSR regarding «the struggle of the oppressed peoples». In 1973, the representatives of the association took part in Western GOP Conference, where Wolodymyr Klos asked US vice-president Gerald Ford to continue US opposition towards the Russification of Ukraine and towards the persecution of Ukrainian activists in Soviet Ukraine.[45]

The association repeatedly fought for freedom of political prisoners of Ukrainian origin.[46] One of the first examples of such actions was the rally near Soviet Technical Exhibition in Seattle in May 1976 that was jointly organized with local Jewish community. The protesters demanded freedom for Ukrainian journalist Viacheslav Chornovil and for Jewish artist Boris Penson who were arrested in USSR.[47] By means of multiple written communications to American Representatives of Congress and during the personal meeting with US First Lady Betty Ford on October 8, 1976, the members of the association solicited for freedom for Ukrainian historian Valentyn Moroz.[46]

2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine compelled many UAWS members to engage in political activities. In 2014, the association formed a political committee.[48] The committee regularly organizes protest rallies in Seattle which call to stop Russian aggression, to free Nadiya Savchenko, to persecute the murderers of Boris Nemtsov, a member of Russian opposition and the notorious critic of Russian military intervention into Ukraine.[48][49] Sometimes these rallies are joined by Russian local activists who also protest against Putin's policies.[48] The association raises money for humanitarian aid and first-aid kits for Ukrainian soldiers injured during the conflict, for support of an independent Ukrainian TV channel Hromadske.tv, etc.[48] The association is believed to be in the top 20 politically active Ukrainian organizations in United States.[50]

Charitable activities[edit]

The association regularly raises money for a number of charitable causes including support of regional cultural events and support of different organizations in Ukraine.[7] For example, the association raised money for victims of the Chernobyl disaster,[7] for Euromaidan protesters in Kiev,[9] for families of soldiers who died during 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine[32] and for others.

The association supports the endowments of Ukrainian Studies departments in US and in Ukraine. Among the beneficiaries are National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Harvard University, the University of Washington, Seattle Pacific University and others.[7][51]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Form Club in Seattle" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXVIII (229). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 11 December 1971. p. 3. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Ukrainian Association of Washington". www.washington.edu. University of Washington. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Контакти Асоціації українців штату Вашингтон". Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Життя Громади". Джерело. The Ukrainian Monthly Magazine (in Ukrainian). 192 (11). Everett, WA: Djerelo. 2008. p. 12.
  5. ^ Contact: a directory of ethnic organizations in Washington State. Seattle: Ethnic Heritage Council. 1990. p. 133. ISBN 0962794201. OCLC 22980079.
  6. ^ a b c Contact: a directory of ethnic organizations in Washington State (Third ed.). Seattle: Ethnic Heritage Council. 1995. p. 114. ISBN 096279421X. OCLC 33385702.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Галина Волчкова (2010). "Життя Громади". Джерело. The Ukrainian Monthly Magazine (in Ukrainian). 208 (4). Everett, WA: Djerelo. pp. 8–11.
  8. ^ a b Liz Jones (17 April 2014). "Ukrainians In Seattle React To Crisis Back Home". KUOW.ORG. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  9. ^ a b c Sarah Stuteville (27 February 2014). "To Local Ukrainians, the Enemy is Corruption". The Seattle Times. Seattle. ISSN 0745-9696. LCCN 83009191. OCLC 09198928.
  10. ^ Gladys Nelson (5 January 1972). ""Holy Supper" for Seattle Ukrainians". The Seattle Times. Seattle. p. E-2. ISSN 0745-9696. LCCN 83009191. OCLC 09198928.
  11. ^ "Christmas Customs at Museum". The Seattle Times. Seattle. 9 December 1971. p. 25. ISSN 0745-9696. LCCN 83009191. OCLC 09198928.
  12. ^ a b Orest Danysh (17 January 1976). "Seattle Youth Stage "Christmas in Ukraine"" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXIII (11). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. p. 3. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  13. ^ "Shevchenko Day". The Seattle Times. Seattle. 14 March 1972. ISSN 0745-9696. LCCN 83009191. OCLC 09198928.
  14. ^ a b "Washington State Marks Independence for the First Time" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXX (40). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 3 March 1973. p. 4. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  15. ^ "Seattle Ukrainians Mark Independence Anniversary" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXX (22). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 3 February 1973. pp. 1–3. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  16. ^ a b "Festival in Seattle Marks Independence Anniversary" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXII (51). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 15 March 1975. p. 4. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  17. ^ Motria Slymak (6 March 1976). "Seattle Ukrainians Stage Impressive Festival" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXIII (43). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. pp. 1–3. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  18. ^ "Form Bicentennial Board in Washington, Plan Festival" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXII (201). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 25 October 1975. p. 2. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  19. ^ The Bicentennial of the United States of America: a final report to the people. II. Washington: American Revolution Bicentennial Administration. 1977. p. 460. ISBN 0960123229. LCCN 77071949. OCLC 03087852.
  20. ^ The Bicentennial of the United States of America: a final report to the people. V. Washington: American Revolution Bicentennial Administration. 1977. p. 430. ISBN 0960123253. LCCN 77071949. OCLC 03087852.
  21. ^ a b "Ukrainian Communities Observe Independence Day" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXV (39). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 19 February 1978. p. 8. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  22. ^ "Seattle residents protest pipeline" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. I (43). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 24 October 1982. p. 4. ISSN 0273-9348. OCLC 7042061.
  23. ^ Paul Lewis (11 January 1982). "US Asks its Allies to Deny to Soviet Parts for Pipeline". New York Times. New York City. ISSN 0362-4331. LCCN 78004456. OCLC 01645522.
  24. ^ a b Eugene Lemcio (25 September 1994). "Washington State Commemoration. A Study in Unity" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LXII (39). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. pp. 4, 13. ISSN 0273-9348. OCLC 7042061.
  25. ^ "Смолоскип Голодомору у Сіетлі". Джерело. The Ukrainian Monthly Magazine (in Ukrainian). 193 (12). Everett, WA: Djerelo. 2008. pp. 6–8.
  26. ^ Tamara Olexy (11 May 2008). "Holodomor Remembrance Flame enters U.S." (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LXXVI (22). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. pp. 1, 11. ISSN 0273-9348. OCLC 7042061.
  27. ^ Eugene Lemcio (1 June 2008). "Holodomor Flame in Washington State" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LXXVI (22). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. p. 8. ISSN 0273-9348. OCLC 7042061.
  28. ^ Володимир Мигович (16 May 2008). ""Незгасима свічка": Сієтл – Сан-Франціско – Лос-Анджелес" (PDF). Свобода (in Ukrainian). CXV (20). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. p. 1. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  29. ^ Rosario Daza (27 November 2004). "Ukrainian Election Stirs Local Immigrants". The Seattle Times. Seattle. pp. B1, B6. ISSN 0745-9696. LCCN 83009191. OCLC 09198928.
  30. ^ a b Галина Волчкова (26 November 2004). "Нам не байдужа доля України". Джерело. The Ukrainian Monthly Magazine (in Ukrainian). 23. Everett, WA: Djerelo. pp. 3–4.
  31. ^ Леся Прокіпчук (12 October 2007). "На виборчих дільницях Америки" (PDF). Свобода (in Ukrainian). CXIV (41). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. p. 9. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  32. ^ a b "Українці штату Вашингтон приймали українські родини загиблих героїв АТО". UAPOST.US. 17 February 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  33. ^ "Local Ukrainians react to Russian military action". KING5.com. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  34. ^ a b "Історія Асоціації українців штату Вашингтон". Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  35. ^ "Preview of Events" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LVIII (20). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 20 May 1990. p. 16. ISSN 0273-9348. OCLC 7042061.
  36. ^ Bard, Bud, ed. (1981). Contact: Ethnic Heritage Directory. 2 (Third ed.). Seattle: Ethnic Heritage Council. p. 305. OCLC 08267715.
  37. ^ "Просим Двері Відкривати – колядники прийшли до хати!". Джерело. The Ukrainian Monthly Magazine (in Ukrainian). 197 (1). Everett, WA: Djerelo. 2009. p. 25.
  38. ^ Юля Шадиря; Тетяна Шадиря (2010). "Барвінок: Нові Досягнення, нові трофеї". Джерело. The Ukrainian Monthly Magazine (in Ukrainian). 208 (4). Everett, WA: Djerelo. pp. 14–15.
  39. ^ "Course in Ukrainian Offered". Bellevue American. Bellevue, WA. 18 January 1973.
  40. ^ Bard, Bud, ed. (1981). Contact: Ethnic Heritage Directory. 1 (Third ed.). Seattle: Ethnic Heritage Council. p. 163. OCLC 08267715.
  41. ^ Марія Шевченко (28 September 2001). "Національне виховання починається з пісні і танцю" (PDF). Свобода (in Ukrainian). CVIII (39). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. p. 16. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  42. ^ Eugene Lemcio (19 November 1995). "A Look at the Fourth Immigration" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. LXIII (47). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. pp. 6, 17. ISSN 0273-9348. OCLC 7042061.
  43. ^ "Pacific Northwest Recalls Independence Anniversary" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXL (46). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 9 March 1974. p. 3. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  44. ^ "Ukrainian Observance Set". The Seattle Times. Seattle. 20 January 1974. p. A5. ISSN 0745-9696. LCCN 83009191. OCLC 09198928.
  45. ^ "Ukrainians Take Part in Western GOP Conference" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXX (229). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 15 December 1973. p. 4. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  46. ^ a b "Ukrainians Greeted First Lady In Washington" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXIII (215). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 7 November 1976. p. 3. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  47. ^ "Ukrainians, Jews Picket Soviet Scientific Exhibit" (PDF). Svoboda. The Ukrainian Daily. LXXXIII (96). Jersey City: Ukrainian National Association. 22 May 1976. p. 4. ISSN 0274-6964. LCCN 80012518. OCLC 01766932.
  48. ^ a b c d Kseniya Sovenko (20 March 2015). "Ukrainian association pivots from promoting culture to protecting lives". The Seattle Globalist. Seattle.
  49. ^ "#FreeSavchenko: українці вимагали свободи полоненій льотчиці під генконсульством Росії в США". ТСН.ua. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  50. ^ Паплаускайте М., Бондарєва Х. (January 2015). "Рейтинг найпопулярніших українських організацій у США". Ukrainian Chicago Magazine (in Ukrainian). I (1). Chicago: Vidia. pp. 36–39. ISSN 2378-5888. LCCN 2015202419. OCLC 907549893.
  51. ^ Галина Волчкова (2 December 2005). "Подаруйте Дітям Скарб – Україну". Джерело. The Ukrainian Monthly Magazine (in Ukrainian). Everett, WA: Djerelo. pp. 8–9.