Ukrainian T-shaped Radio telescope, second modification
|Telescope style||phased array|
The Ukrainian T-shaped Radio telescope, second modification (official abbreviation UTR-2) is the world's largest low-frequency radio telescope at decametre wavelengths. It was completed in 1972 near the village of Hrakovo ( ), 15 km west-south-west from Shevchenkove, Ukraine. The telescope is operated by the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
The UTR-2 consists of an array of 2040 dipole elements in two arms each containing 6 rows of elements, oriented in a T shape: a north-south arm consisting of 1440 elements covering an area of 1800×60 meters, and a east-west arm consisting of 600 elements covering an area of 900×60 meters. The basic element is a broadband cage dipole 1.8 m in diameter and 8 m long made of galvanized steel wire, mounted 3.5 m above the ground, with a balun to connect it to the transmission line. The dipoles are all oriented along the east-west axis, with the spacing between rows of 7.5 m in east-west direction and 9 m in north-south. It has a total area of 150,000 square metres (1,600,000 sq ft), and a resolution of about 40 arcminutes at the middle frequency 16.7 MHz. The operating frequency range is 8–33 MHz. The sensitivity is about 10 mJy.
Steering of the antenna main lobe is accomplished with phase shifters consisting of switchable delay lines.
The telescope is a part of the URAN (Ukrainian Radio Interferometer of NASU) decametric VLBI system, which includes another four significantly smaller low-frequency radio telescopes. That system has bases from 40 to 900 km (25 to 960 mi).
- Institute of Radio Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 
- Braude, S. Ia.; Megn, A. V.; Riabov, B. P.; Sharykin, N. K.; Zhuk, I. N., Decametric survey of discrete sources in the Northern sky. I - The UTR-2 radio telescope: Experimental techniques and data processing, Astrophys. and Space Sci., 54, 3–36, 1978
- URAN-3 radio interferometer antenna field (abandoned)
- A. Konovalenko, L. Sodin, V. Zakharenko, P. Zarka, O. Ulyanov, M. Sidorchuk, S. Stepkin, P. Tokarsky et al. The modern radio astronomy network in Ukraine: UTR-2, URAN and GURT, Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 42, Is. 1, pp 11–48.