National Police of Ukraine

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National Police of Ukraine
Ukrainian: Національна поліція України
Patch Police of Ukraine.svg
Patch of the National Police
Ukrainian National Police logo.svg
Emblem of the National Police
Badge of National Police of Ukraine.svg
Badge of the National Police
Flag of Ukrainian National Police.svg
Flag of the National Police of Ukraine
Motto To serve and protect
Ukrainian: Служити і захищати
Agency overview
Formed 4 July, 2015
Preceding agency Militsiya (1917–2015)
Employees

130,000

  • 119,000 police officers
  • 11,000 civil personnel
Annual budget 13.9 billion UAH (2016)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Ukraine
Size 603,629 km²
Population 44 million (approx.)
Governing body Government of Ukraine
Constituting instrument Law of Ukraine on "National Police"
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed by Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
Headquarters 10, Akademika Bohomoltsa st.
Kiev, Ukraine
Minister responsible Arsen Avakov, Internal Affairs Minister
Agency executive Khatia Dekanoidze, Chief
Facilities
Patrol cars Toyota Prius
Hyundai Sonata
Website
Official website

The National Police of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Національна поліція України, Natsional'na politsiya Ukrainy), commonly shortened to Police (Ukrainian: Поліція, Politsiya), is the national police service of Ukraine. It was formed on 3 July 2015, as part of the post-Euromaidan reforms launched by Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, to replace Ukrainian's previous national police service, the Militsiya.[1][2] On 7 November 2015 all the remaining militsiya were labelled "temporary acting" members of the National Police.[1]

The agency is overseen by the Ministry of Internal Affairs.[3]

History[edit]

Prior to 3 July 2015, law enforcement in Ukraine was carried out directly by the Ministry of Internal Affairs as the militsiya. Plans to reform the Ministry, which was widely known to be corrupt, had been advocated by various governments and parties, but these plans were never realised.[2][4]

In the aftermath of the 2013–2014 Euromaidan movement and subsequent revolution, the need for reform was acknowledged by all parties. Parliamentary elections were held in October 2014, after which all five of the parties that formed the governing coalition pledged to reform the ministry and create a new national police service.[5]

As part of the reforms, the Minister of Internal Affairs, Arsen Avakov, presented plans to reduce the number of police officers in Ukraine to 160,000 by the end of 2015.[6] The reform plans started with the combination of the ministry's current State Auto Inspection (DAI) and the patrol service in the country's capital Kiev in summer 2015.[7][8] This new police patrol received funding from various countries.[9] 2,000 new policemen and women, picked from 33,000 applicants, were recruited to initiate the new service in Kiev. Officers were American-trained.[9]

23 August 2015 launch of the new patrol police in Lviv.

Upon the launch of Kiev's new patrol police on 4 July 2015, the militsiya ceased all patrolling but continued working at precincts and administrative offices.[10][9][11] After that the new police patrol was rolled out across Ukraine.[9] The organisation was formally established as the National Police on 2 September 2015.[3] By late September 2015, 2,000 new constables were on duty in Kiev, 800 were on duty in Kharkiv and 1,700 were on duty in the cities of Odessa and Lviv.[12][10] At this point, the militsiya was 152,000 officers strong, and continued to handle most policing across Ukraine.[13] The basic salary of the new police force (almost $400 a month) is about three times as much the basic salary of the former militsiya; an attempt to decrease corruption.[14]

The new National Police officially replaced the old militsiya on 7 November 2015.[1] On that day, the remaining militsiya were labelled "temporarily acting" members of the National Police.[1] The change allowed for them to become members of the National Police after "integrity checks", but they were only eligible if they met the age criteria and went through retraining.[1][15]

Structure and branches[edit]

The National Police is divided into a number of different services. Each municipal force has internal subdivisions. This leaves the police service with a large number of specialised branches which can more specifically target certain types of crime and apply more expert knowledge in the investigation of cases relating to their area of policing. In addition to these specific groups, all police forces retain a majority of officers for the purpose of patrol duty and general law enforcement.

The Police contains the following subdivisions:[16]

  • Criminal Police (Кримінальна поліція) – investigation and prevention of serious and violent crime in Ukraine
    • Department in fight against drug-related crime
    • Department of Cyber Police (Кіберполіція, Департамент кіберполіції) – fighting against cyber crimes
    • Department of Economic Security
  • Department of Patrol Police (Патрульна поліція) – general law enforcement operations, traffic policing and patrol duty (includes riot police divisions)
    • number of municipal administrations
  • Department of Police Security (Поліція охорони) – Successor to the State Security Service (nothing to do with the State Security Administration)

In addition, the following special units exist:

  • Special Police (Спеціальна поліція) – Tasked with keeping order in areas with special status and/or affected by natural or ecological disaster.
  • Rapid Operational Response Unit (KORD) (Корпус Оперативно-Раптової Дії) – Tactical response unit, tasked with resolution of stand-off situations involving hostages and/or heavily armed suspects. Also tasked with providing a tactical support function to other divisional officers.
  • Pre-trial Investigative Services (Органи досудового розслідування) – Representatives of the National Investigative Bureau, Tax Authorities and Security Services, tasked with investigating crime.

Municipal forces[edit]

Territorial force Date of formation
Oblast / Municipality Police force
COA of Kyiv Kurovskyi.svg City of Kiev Patch of Kiev Patrol Police.svg Kyiv Patrol Police 4 July 2015[17]
Coat of arms of Lviv.svg City of Lviv Patch of Lviv Patrol Police.svg Lviv Patrol Police 23 August 2015[18]
Arms of Odessa.svg City of Odessa Patch of Odesa Patrol Police.svg Odessa Patrol Police 25 August 2015[19]
Kharkiv-town-herb.svg City of Kharkiv Patch of Kharkiv Patrol Police.svg Kharkiv Patrol Police 26 September 2015[12]
Herb Kyivskoi oblasti 1.svg Kiev Oblast Patch of Kiev region Patrol Police.svg Kiev Oblast Patrol Police 7 October 2015[20]
Coat of arms of Uzhgorod.png City of Uzhhorod Patch of Uzhhorod Patrol Police.png Uzhgorod Patrol Police 29 November 2015[21]
Mukachevo gerb.png City of Mukacheve Mukacheve Patrol Police 29 November 2015[21]
Coat of arms of Nikolayev part.svg City of Mykolaiv Patch of Mykolaiv Patrol Police.png Mykolaiv Patrol Police 6 December 2015[22]
Herb Lutsk.svg City of Lutsk Patch of Lutsk Patrol Police.svg Lutsk Patrol Police 19 December 2015[23]
Khmelnitsky COA.png City of Khmelnytskyi Patch of Khmelnytskyi Patrol Police.svg Khmelnytskyi Patrol Police 26 December 2015 [24]
Small Coat of Arms of Dnipropetrovsk.png City of Dnipropetrovsk Patch of Dnipropetrovsk Patrol Police.svg Dnipropetrovsk Patrol Police 17 January 2016[25]
Ivano-Frankivsk COA.png City of Ivano-Frankivsk Patch of Ivano-Frankivsk Patrol Police.svg Ivano-Frankivsk Patrol Police 30 January 2016[26]
Coat of arms of Kherson.svg City of Kherson Patch of Kherson Patrol Police.png Kherson Patrol Police 8 February 2016[27]
Coat of Arms of Chernihiv.svg City of Chernihiv Patch of Chernigiv Patrol Police.svg Chernihiv Patrol Police 19 February 2016[28]
Coat of arms of Vinnycia.svg City of Vinnytsia Patch of Vinnytsia Patrol Police.png Vinnytsia Patrol Police 22 February 2016[29]
Kremenchuk-COA.png City of Kremenchuk Patch of Kremenchuk Patrol Police.png Kremenchuk Patrol Police 27 February 2016[30]
COA Cherkasy, Cherkaska, Ukraine.svg City of Cherkasy Patch of Cherkasy Patrol Police.png Cherkasy Patrol Police 1 March 2016[31]
Poltava coat.svg City of Poltava Patch of Poltava Patrol Police.svg Poltava Patrol Police 5 March 2016[32]
Coat of arms of Ternopil.svg City of Ternopil Patch of Ternopil Patrol Police.png Ternopil Patrol Police 12 March 2016[33]
Zhytomyr-COA.PNG City of Zhytomyr Patch of Zhytomyr Patrol Police.png Zhytomyr Patrol Police 22 March 2016[34]
Coat of Arms Boryspil.png City of Boryspil Boryspil Patrol Police 24 March 2016[35]
Cernivtsi gerb.png City of Chernivtsi Patch of Chernivtsi Patrol Police.png Chernivtsi Patrol Police 27 March 2016[36]
Герб Запорожья 2003 года.svg City of Zaporizhia Patch of Zaporizhia Patrol Police.png Zaporizhia Patrol Police 16 April 2016[37]
Riwne-COA.PNG City of Rivne Patch of Riwne Patrol Police.svg Rivne Patrol Police 19 April 2016[38]
Small Coat of Arms of Kirovohrad.png City of Kirovograd Patch of Kirovohrad Patrol Police.png Kirovograd Patrol Police 28 April 2016[39]
Sumy-COA.PNG City of Sumy Patch of Sumy Patrol Police.png Sumy Patrol Police 12 May 2016[40]
Kramatorsk gerb.png City of Kramatorsk Kramatorsk Patrol Police 14 May 2016[41]
Coat of Arms of Sloviansk.png City of Sloviansk Sloviansk Patrol Police 14 May 2016[41]
Coat of Arms of Kryvyi Rih.svg City of Kryvyi Rih Kryvyi Rih Patrol Police 19 May 2016[42]
Severodoneck gerb.png Sievierodonetsk Patch of Syevyerodonetsk Patrol Police.png Sievierodonetsk Patrol Police 22 May 2016[43]
Coat of Arms of Lysychansk.svg Lysychansk Lysychansk Patrol Police 22 May 2016[43]
Rubezhnoe gerb.png Rubizhne Rubizhne Patrol Police 22 May 2016[43]
Mariupol gerb.png Mariupol Patch of Mariupol Patrol Police.png Mariupol Patrol Police 30 May 2016[44]

Equipment[edit]

Officers wear a camera that is constantly monitoring their performances.[10] The resulting videos are posted on social media and broadcast on a reality TV show.[10]

Vehicles[edit]

Picture Make and model Country of origin Use Quantity Notes
Ukrainian police patrol.jpg Toyota Prius Japan
Japan
Patrol car 1,568 General purpose patrol car.
Supplied by Japan in return for Ukrainian emissions permits under the Kyoto Protocol.
Hyundai Sonata of National Police of Ukraine.jpg Hyundai Sonata South Korea
South Korea
Highway patrol car 110 Highway patrol car.
Former taxis operated under the SkyTaxi brand by Kiev's Boryspil International Airport. Owned by the state and transferred to the Police as surplus to SkyTaxi's requirements.
Isuzu D-Max of National Police of Ukraine.jpg Isuzu D-Max Japan
Japan
Patrol car 38 Procured for the police in the Western Ukrainian region of Volyn.
Renault Doker of National Police of Ukraine.jpg Renault Dokker Morocco
Morocco
Police van 192 Badged as Renault and based on the Dacia Dokker. Assembled in Morocco.
Renault Duster of National Police of Ukraine.jpg Renault Duster Romania
Romania
Patrol car 104 Badged as Renault and based on the Dacia Duster. Assembled in Romania.

Terminology[edit]

According to Professor Oleksandr Ponomariv of the University of Kiev's Institute of Journalism, the correct Ukrainian language term for a police officer is 'politsiyant' (поліціянт). This is in contrast to the term 'politseysky' (поліцейський), a loan word from the Russian language, commonly used to refer to an officer of the National Police.

Ranks are rarely used by the public when addressing police officers in Ukraine; it is more common to hear the term Pan (Пан) (female - Pani (Пані) - Ukrainian for mister/miss - used to refer to police officers. Qualifying terms such as 'ofitser' (офіцер) or 'politseysky' (поліцейський) may also be used in conjunction with these forms of address.

Rank hierarchy[edit]

Junior officers Senior officers
Shoulder insignia
for every day uniform
Ukrainian police shoulder mark 01.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 02.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 03.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 04.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 05.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 06.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 07.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 08.svg
Rank Constable,
Police officer
Corporal Sergeant Staff sergeant Junior
lieutenant
Lieutenant Senior
lieutenant
Captain
Supervisory officers Staff officers
Shoulder insignia
for every day uniform
Ukrainian police shoulder mark 09.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 10.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 11.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 12.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 13.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 14.svg
Rank Major Lieutenant
colonel
Colonel Third division
general
(Major General)
Second division
general
(Lieutenant General)
First division
general
(Colonel general)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e UKRAINIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT SECTOR NEEDS $6.5 MLN FOR NATIONAL POLICE, 112 Ukraine (14 September 2015)
    Law on national police enacted in Ukraine, Interfax-Ukraine (7 November 2015)
    (Ukrainian)Avakov told how the police will police, Korrespondent.net (4 November 2015)
  2. ^ a b "Ukraine launches Western-style police force to set a marker for reform". Yahoo News. Reuters. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b National Police established in Ukraine, Interfax Ukraine (2 September 2015)
  4. ^ "In Ukraine, they want to create 5 police departments instead of the militsiya" (in Ukrainian). Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  5. ^ Hankevych, Roman (21 November 2014). "Five parties signed the coalition agreement at night" (in Ukrainian). Zahid.net. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Avakov wants to reduce the amount of police officers to 160 thousand". Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 10 December 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Ukraine launches western-style police force to set a marker for reform". Ukrayinska Pravda. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Avakov: soon there won't be a DAI in Kyiv – who is ready to be a patrol officer?". Vosizneias.com. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Ukraine tackles graft with new US-style police force". Interaksyon. Agence France-Presse. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d New-style police have key role in Ukraine, BBC News (25 September 2015)
  11. ^ Gessen, Masha (8 September 2015). "The Cops Who Would Save a Country". Foreign Policy. 
  12. ^ a b High hopes in Kharkiv as new police patrol officers sworn in, Ukraine Today (26 September 2015)
  13. ^ Reform Watch - Oct. 1, 2015, Kyiv Post (2 October 2015)
  14. ^ Ukraine Pins Hopes for Change on Fresh-Faced Police Recruits, New York Times (6 November 2015)
  15. ^ Varadarajan, Tunku (3 September 2015). "Talent from Tbilisi". Politico. 
  16. ^ National Police structure. Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ukraine). 18 March 2016
  17. ^ Wesolowsky, Tony (4 August 2015). "A Force For Change: Kyiv's New Cops". Radio Free Europe. 
  18. ^ "Brand new police start work in Lviv". unian.info. 23 August 2015. 
  19. ^ "President launched patrol police in Odesa: New police in Ukraine is a symbol of revolutionary reforms". president.gov.ua. 25 August 2015. 
  20. ^ http://www.lv.npu.gov.ua/mvs/control/main/en/publish/article/1658652
  21. ^ a b http://www.mvs.gov.ua/mvs/control/main/ru/publish/article/1731642
  22. ^ https://news.pn/en/public/150019
    http://espreso.tv/news/2015/12/06/u_mykolayevi_startuvala_policiya_avakov
  23. ^ http://www.mvs.gov.ua/mvs/control/main/uk/publish/article/1758615
  24. ^ http://korrespondent.net/ukraine/3608047-v-khmelnytskom-nachala-rabotu-patrulnaia-polytsyia
  25. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/uk/publish/article/1784934
  26. ^ http://24tv.ua/ru/v_ivanofrankovske_nachala_rabotu_novaja_patrulnaja_policija_n653617
  27. ^ http://uatoday.tv/society/new-police-force-begins-patrol-duties-on-streets-of-ukraine-s-kherson-586804.html
  28. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/ru/publish/article/1822429
  29. ^ http://www.ukrinform.net/rubric-politics/1969910-poroshenko-i-thank-dekanoidze-for-launching-patrol-police.html
  30. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/ru/publish/article/1831305
  31. ^ http://mvs.gov.ua/en/news/729_Your_new_police___start_in_Cherkassy_and_Kremenchug_PHOTOS_VIDEO.htm
  32. ^ http://pda.pravda.com.ua/news/id_7101205/
  33. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/uk/publish/article/1847934
  34. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/uk/publish/article/1858729
  35. ^ http://www.kyiv-obl.gov.ua/news/article/u_borispoli_zapratsjuvala_nova_patrulna_politsija_
  36. ^ http://pda.pravda.com.ua/news/id_7103467/
  37. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/uk/publish/article/1665898
  38. ^ http://en.censor.net.ua/photo_news/385093/193_patrol_police_officers_took_oath_in_rivne_videophotos
  39. ^ http://pda.pravda.com.ua/news/id_7107070/
  40. ^ http://www.5.ua/polityka/u-sumakh-sklala-prysiahu-patrulna-politsiia-113876.html
  41. ^ a b "На вулиці Краматорська і Слов'янська вийде нова патрульна поліція (фото, відео)" [New patrol police on the streets of Kramatorsk and Sloviansk]. mvs.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 14 May 2016. 
  42. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/ru/publish/article/1912594
  43. ^ a b c "Патрульна поліція Сєвєродонецька, Лисичанська та Рубіжного приступила до роботи" [Patrol police of Sievierodonetsk, Lysychansk, and Rubizhne begins work]. rbc.ua (in Ukrainian). 22 May 2016. 
  44. ^ http://www.npu.gov.ua/ru/publish/article/1924205

External links[edit]