Ukrainian presidential election, 1991

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Ukrainian presidential election, 1991
1 December 1991 → 1994

  Leonid Kravchuk Viacheslav Chornovil
Nominee Leonid Kravchuk Viacheslav Chornovil
Party Independent People's Movement
Popular vote 19,643,481 7,420,727
Percentage 61.59% 23.27%

Ukraine presidential elections 1991.png

Results of the 1991 presidential election. Kravchuk won in all but three western provinces, which were won by Chornovil.

President before election


Elected President

Leonid Kravchuk

A presidential election was held in Ukraine on 1 December 1991.[2] They were the first direct presidential elections in the country's history, the first completely free national elections of any sort since 1918, and only the second free elections in the country's history. Leonid Kravchuk, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and de facto acting president, was elected with 61.6% of the vote.[3]

An independence referendum took place on the same day, with 91 percent voting to secede from the Soviet Union.[3] All six presidential candidates supported independence and campaigned for a "yes" vote in the referendum.


Candidate Party Votes %
Leonid Kravchuk Independent 19,643,481 61.6
Viacheslav Chornovil People's Movement of Ukraine 7,420,727 23.3
Levko Lukyanenko Ukrainian Republican Party 1,432,556 4.5
Volodymyr Hryniov Party of Democratic Revival of Ukraine 1,329,758 4.2
Ihor Yukhnovskyi Independent 554,719 1.7
Leopold Taburyansky People's Party of Ukraine 182,713 0.6
Against all 1,327,788
Invalid/blank votes
Total 31,891,742 100
Registered voters/turnout 37,885,555 84.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Although not technically president at the time of the election, Leonid Kravchuk was the incumbent Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and temporarily empowered with presidential authority.
  2. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1976 ISBN 9783832956097
  3. ^ a b Independence - over 90% vote yes in referendum; Kravchuk elected president of Ukraine, The Ukrainian Weekly (8 December 1991)