1991 Ukrainian presidential election

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1991 Ukrainian presidential election

1 December 1991 1994 →
Turnout84.2%
  Leonid Kravchuk.jpg В.М.Чорновіл на шахті ім. Поченкова. 1 (cropped).JPG
Nominee Leonid Kravchuk Vyacheslav Chornovil
Party Independent People's Movement
Popular vote 19,643,481 7,420,727
Percentage 61.59% 23.27%

Ukraine presidential elections 1991.png
Results of the 1991 presidential election. Kravchuk won in all but three western provinces, which were won by Chornovil.

President before election

Leonid Kravchuk
(acting)
Independent

Elected President

Leonid Kravchuk
Independent

Presidential elections were held in Ukraine on 1 December 1991,[1] the first direct presidential elections in the country's history. Leonid Kravchuk, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and de facto acting president, ran as an independent candidate and was elected with 61.6% of the vote.[2]

An independence referendum held on the same day saw 91 percent of voters voting to secede from the Soviet Union.[2] All six presidential candidates supported independence and had campaigned for a "yes" vote in the referendum.

Results[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Leonid Kravchuk Independent 19,643,481 61.6
Vyacheslav Chornovil People's Movement of Ukraine 7,420,727 23.3
Levko Lukyanenko Ukrainian Republican Party 1,432,556 4.5
Volodymyr Hrynyov Party of Democratic Revival of Ukraine 1,329,758 4.2
Ihor Yukhnovskyi Independent 554,719 1.7
Leopold Taburyansky People's Party of Ukraine 182,713 0.6
Against all 1,327,788
Invalid/blank votes
Total 31,891,742 100
Registered voters/turnout 37,885,555 84.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

By region[edit]

Region Winner Runner Up Third
Crimean ASSR Leonid Kravchuk (56.6) Volodymyr Hrynyov (9.4) Vyacheslav Chornovil (8.0)
Vinnytsia Leonid Kravchuk (72.3) Vyacheslav Chornovil (18.2) Levko Lukyanenko (3.3)
Volyn Leonid Kravchuk (51.7) Vyacheslav Chornovil (31.4) Levko Lukyanenko (8.9)
Dnipropetrovsk Leonid Kravchuk (69.7) Vyacheslav Chornovil (18.2) Volodymyr Hrynyov (3.2)
Donetsk Leonid Kravchuk (71.5) Volodymyr Hrynyov (11.0) Vyacheslav Chornovil (9.6)
Zhytomyr Leonid Kravchuk (77.6) Vyacheslav Chornovil (14.0) Levko Lukyanenko (3.3)
Zakarpattia Leonid Kravchuk (58.0) Vyacheslav Chornovil (27.6) Levko Lukyanenko (5.0)
Zaporizhia Leonid Kravchuk (74.7) Vyacheslav Chornovil (13.0) Volodymyr Hrynyov (3.9)
Ivano-Frankivsk Vyacheslav Chornovil (67.1) Leonid Kravchuk (13.7) Levko Lukyanenko (11.8)
Kiev Leonid Kravchuk (66.0) Vyacheslav Chornovil (21.2) Levko Lukyanenko (5.6)
Kirovohrad Leonid Kravchuk (74.8) Vyacheslav Chornovil (15.6) Levko Lukyanenko (3.5)
Luhansk Leonid Kravchuk (76.2) Vyacheslav Chornovil (9.9) Volodymyr Hrynyov (6.8)
Lviv Vyacheslav Chornovil (75.9) Leonid Kravchuk (11.5) Levko Lukyanenko (4.7)
Mykolaiv Leonid Kravchuk (72.3) Vyacheslav Chornovil (15.1) Volodymyr Hrynyov (5.6)
Odessa Leonid Kravchuk (70.7) Vyacheslav Chornovil (12.8) Volodymyr Hrynyov (8.4)
Poltava Leonid Kravchuk (75.1) Vyacheslav Chornovil (13.6) Levko Lukyanenko (4.2)
Rivne Leonid Kravchuk (53.1) Vyacheslav Chornovil (25.7) Levko Lukyanenko (13.4)
Sumy Leonid Kravchuk (72.4) Vyacheslav Chornovil (14.7) Levko Lukyanenko (3.8)
Ternopil Vyacheslav Chornovil (57.5) Levko Lukyanenko (19.6) Leonid Kravchuk (16.8)
Kharkiv Leonid Kravchuk (60.9) Vyacheslav Chornovil (19.7) Volodymyr Hrynyov (10.9)
Kherson Leonid Kravchuk (70.2) Vyacheslav Chornovil (18.1) Volodymyr Hrynyov (3.3)
Khmelnytskyi Leonid Kravchuk (75.5) Vyacheslav Chornovil (15.4) Levko Lukyanenko (3.3)
Cherkasy Leonid Kravchuk (67.1) Vyacheslav Chornovil (25.0) Levko Lukyanenko (2.0)
Chernivtsi Leonid Kravchuk (43.6) Vyacheslav Chornovil (42.7) Levko Lukyanenko (4.4)
Chernihiv Leonid Kravchuk (74.2) Vyacheslav Chornovil (12.3) Levko Lukyanenko (6.7)
Kyiv Leonid Kravchuk (56.1) Vyacheslav Chornovil (26.7) Levko Lukyanenko (6.4)
Sevastopol Leonid Kravchuk (54.7) Vyacheslav Chornovil (10.9) Volodymyr Hrynyov (8.4)
Total Leonid Kravchuk (61.6) Vyacheslav Chornovil (23.3) Levko Lukyanenko (4.5)
Source: Electoral Geography

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1976 ISBN 9783832956097
  2. ^ a b Independence - over 90% vote yes in referendum; Kravchuk elected president of Ukraine, The Ukrainian Weekly, 8 December 1991

External links[edit]