Ukrainian presidential election, 1994
Early presidential elections were held in Ukraine on 26 June 1994, with a second round on 10 July. They were held ahead of schedule following a compromise between the President and Verkhovna Rada. Incumbent President Leonid Kravchuk lost the presidency to his former Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma.
Strikes and revival of communists
On June 7, 1993 started a time-unrestricted strike of coal miners of Donets basin as part of a chronic economical crisis. Coincidentally all the events appeared at the time of resurrection of the Communist Party of Ukraine. On this wave of strikes a Constituent Congress of the Communist Party of Ukraine took place on June 19, 1993 in Donetsk (same region) and later it was registered in October of the same year. Its banning was temporary due to suspicion in support of the August coup-d'etat. However the Constitutional Court of Ukraine recognized that the Communist Party of Ukraine that was registered on July 22, 1991 had nothing to do with the August events in the Soviet Union and was never a successor of the Communist Party of Soviet Union and the Communist Party of Ukraine in the Communist Party of Soviet Union. However the statute of the Communist Party of Ukraine clearly indicates otherwise. Moreover, on December 27, 2001 the Constitutional Court of Ukraine recognized the ban of Communist Party not constitutional.
Decision on early elections
On June 17, 1993 the parliament decided to conduct on September 26, 1993 a consultative referendum on no confidence in president and parliament. However, on September 24 the referendum was canceled. The Verkhovna Rada decided to conduct an early elections to parliament on March 27, 1994 and president on June 26, 1994.
The presidential elections became the first to demonstrate the division of the country on the "East" and "West".
They were also the first presidential election in the Commonwealth of Independent States where the incumbent head of state, with roots based in the Soviet-time government elite, lost a democratic election and stepped aside.
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Leonid Kravchuk||Non-partisan (Democratic Association "Ukraine" and NRU)||9,977,766||38.4||12,111,603||45.2|
|Leonid Kuchma||Non-partisan (Inter-regional Bloc of Reforms)||8,274,806||31.8||14,016,850||52.3|
|Oleksandr Moroz||Socialist Party of Ukraine (SPU, CPU, SelPU)||3,466,541||13.3|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
- Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1976 ISBN 9783832956097
- (in Ukrainian) The Statute of the Communist Party of Ukraine. CPU website
- as Coalition of Left Parties, Political parties of Ukraine in cooperation with structures of power. Kiev center of political research and conflictology.
- Baziv, D. Elections-99: Kuchma and CPU – together again! Den. 15 May 1999
- Connor, W.M, Krupp, J.W. THE UKRAINIAN AND BELARUSSIAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: ASSESSMENT AND IMPLICATIONS. Foreign Military Studies Office. August 1994
- Erlanger, S. UKRAINIANS ELECT A NEW PRESIDENT. New York Times. July 12, 1994