Ukrainian submarine Zaporizhzhia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zaporizhya.jpg
Zaporizhzhia (U-01)
History
Soviet Union
Name: B-435
Operator: Soviet Navy
Builder: New Admiralty Shipyard
Laid down: 23 March 1970
Launched: 29 June 1970
Commissioned: 1970
In service: 1970
Out of service: 1997
History
Ukraine
Name: U-001 Zaporizhzhia
Namesake: city of Zaporizhia
Operator: Ukrainian Navy (former)
In service: 1997
Out of service: 2014 (See 'Captured' entry)
Renamed: 1997
Homeport: Sevastopol
Captured: Surrendered to / Captured by Russian Forces in March of 2014
Fate: Still in Russian hands, as of June 2015[1]
Badge: Chevron-submarine-Zaporizhzhia.svg
General characteristics
Class and type: Foxtrot-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 1945 tons surfaced
  • 2471.5 tons submerged
Length: 70.1 m (230 ft)
Propulsion: Diesel-Electric
Speed:
  • 8.13 kn (15.06 km/h; 9.36 mph) surfaced
  • 16.05 kn (29.72 km/h; 18.47 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 30,000 nmi (56,000 km) surfaced (at 8.13 knots)
  • 15.3 nautical miles (28.3 km) submerged (at 16.05 knots)
Endurance: 575 hours submerged
Test depth:
  • 250 m (820 ft)
  • 280 m (920 ft) max
Crew: 78 officers, warrants, seamen
Armament: 10 533-millimetre (21 in) torpedo tubes, six forward and four stern

Zaporizhzhia (U-01) (Ukrainian: Запоріжжя) is a project 641 ("Foxtrot" class) diesel-electric powered submarine, and was the only submarine of the Ukrainian Navy[2] up until her seizure in 2014 by Russian forces during the events of March of that year. She formerly carried the Soviet Navy pennant number B-435. Zaporizhzhia was designed at the Rubin Design Bureau (Saint Petersburg).

Captured by Russian forces on 22 March 2014 (during the 2014 Crimean crisis), most of the Ukrainian personnel, among them the captain of the submarine, had left the vessel, while the others had chosen to begin their service in the Russian Black Sea Fleet with the submarine.

Zaporizhzhia had a crew of 78, commanded by 1st Rank Capt. Oleh Orlov. The submarine was operated by a reserve unit, having not yet returned to front line duty after her 'refurbishment'. Subsequent events in the Crimean Crisis have revealed that the vessel is barely seaworthy and too obsolete for active service of any type.

History[edit]

Zaporizhzhia's keel was laid down in 1970 at the New Admiralty Shipyard in Leningrad.[2] In 1970 she was commissioned into the Soviet Red Banner Northern Fleet,[2] where she conducted 14 patrols, including a port call in Cuba. In 1990 the submarine was transferred to the Soviet Black Sea Fleet,[2] serving there until 1994.[2] In 1995, the submarine's batteries permanently failed and she became abandoned without their replacement.

In 1997 unable to fix the unused submarine, the administration of Russian Navy handed it over to the Ukrainian Navy during the partition of the Black Sea Fleet.[2] Like most of the country's naval ships, she was renamed after one of Ukraine's cities — Zaporizhzhia.[2] The city's community began to co-sponsor the ship, especially the accommodational needs of the crew. But it was only in 2003 when Ukrainian government was able to buy a new batteries set abroad and make Zaporizhzhia's survival real. However, she was immediately placed under repair in Sevastopol.[2]

In 2005, Zaporizhzhia was considered for inclusion in the 2006 joint exercise conducted by the Ukrainian Navy and the Italian Navy, but the end of her repair was postponed. Being on a years-long repair, Zaporizhzhia was an inactive military unit stated Defense Minister Anatoly Hrytsenko in April 2006.[3] In January 2007, (Defense Minister) Hrytsenko stated that Ukraine intended to sell Zaporizhzhia.[4]

As of July 2010 Zaporizhzhia was preparing for trials after repairs.[5] All repairs were finished on 17 April 2011.[2] The first trial sail was finished successfully on 18 July 2012.[6] Late June 2013 all long-term maintenance work and tests were completed.[7]

On 22 March 2014, it was reported that the submarine had been taken over by Russian forces after being surrounded and harassed by Russian Navy ships, who demanded its surrender.[8] The commander of the ship reportedly agreed to surrender his ship, then started flying the Russian Navy flag.[citation needed] Zaporizhzhia was placed under Black Sea Fleet control, after Ukrainian symbols were removed from the submarine.[9] Half of the submarine's crew continued to serve in the Russian Navy. On 29 March 2014, the Black Sea Fleet was reported to have refused to add the submarine to its ranks on the grounds that it was obsolete and suffered from a number of technical issues. The Russian Navy then offered to return Zaporizhzhia to Ukraine to either continue its service or to be recycled as scrap-metal.[10][11] It was reported the submarine would be transferred from the Streletskaya buhta to Yuzhnaya buhta, where the Russian submarine division is.[12] Later sources in Russian Navy announced that submarine should be returned to Ukrainian Navy.[13] Later (it was reported) Russia decided not to return the submarine to Ukraine.[14][15] But in mid-May the submarine was scheduled to be returned to Ukraine, where it was likely to become a museum piece.[16] A part of the Ukrainian Navy was then returned to Ukraine but Russia suspended this agreement before returning submarine Zaporizhzhia because/after Ukraine did not renew its unilaterally declared ceasefire on 1 July 2014 in the War in Donbass.[17] Hence Zaporizhzhia was not returned to Ukraine.[1]

Ship Log[edit]

From September to November 1970, submarine was at sea for 20 days, 422 hours (236 submerged, 186 surfaced). Traveled 2,672 km (1,660 mi) while surfaced and 695 km (432 mi) while under water. The submarine completed 15 submerges, and used 125 tons of fuel.

During the service in Atlantic in June - December 1971, submarine was at sea for 210 days. It traveled 29,519 km (18,342 mi) while surfaced and 8,594 km (5,340 mi) while under water. The submarine completed 71 submerges, and used 825 tons of fuel.

During June 27 - August 10, 1972 Zaporizhzhia underwent medium repairs.

From July - October 1994, submarine was at sea for 16 days. Traveled 391.9 km (243.5 mi) while surfaced and 6.8 km (4.2 mi) while under water.

In January 1995 Zaporizhzhia traveled only 85 km (53 mi) in 4 hours while being towed.

Armament[edit]

Main torpedoes used are: 53-51, 53-39, 53-61, 53-65, САЕТ-60.

Torpedo tubes are 533 mm (1.75 ft) diameter, and 8.145 m (26.7 ft) long. Tubes are placed 700 mm (2.3 ft) away from each other.

Also carries 12 extra torpedoes – 22 total.

Can also carry 32 MTD type mines or 26 PM-2 or RM-2 type mines.

Can be equipped with 4 MANPADS.

Handheld weapons include:
12 handguns Makarov PM
12 assault rifles (AK, AKM)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Повернення українських кораблів з анексованого Криму зависло. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 17 June 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i В строю:подлодка Запорожье вышла в бухту для выполнения учебных заданий. Korrespondent (in Russian). 20 March 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Украина продаст свою единственную подводную лодку (in Russian). for-ua.com. 17 April 2006. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Ukraine wants to get rid of its submarine". forUm. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-26. 
  5. ^ "Only submarine of Russian Black Sea Fleet to be repaired by late July". Kyiv Post. 1 July 2010. [dead link]
  6. ^ Первое пробное погружение подводной лодки "Запорожье" прошло успешно (in Russian). Flot.com. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "The submarine "Zaporozhye" at the end of the factory repair moved to a new location-based" Підводний човен “Запоріжжя” по закінченню заводського ремонту перейшов до нового місця базування (in Ukrainian). Armed Forces of Ukraine. 27 June 2013. Archived from the original on November 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Ukrainian soldiers get Russia's OK to leave Crimea". Europe Online. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ukrainian Sailors Surrender Submarine to Russian Navy". NBC News. 22 March 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "The Black Sea Fleet refuses to use the Ukrainian submarine" Черноморский флот отказывается от украинской подлодки (in Russian). vesti.ru. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Russia offers to return Ukraine the submarine Zaporizhzhia for scrap-metal" Россия предлагает Украине забрать подводную лодку "Запорожье" в качестве металлолома. ipress.ua (in Russian). 29 March 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  12. ^ На украинской подводной лодке "Запорожье" подняли Андреевский флаг. podrobnosti.ua. 22 March 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  13. ^ Единственную подводную лодку ВМС Украины потащат из Севастополя в Одессу на буксире. ITAR/Tass (in Russian). 30 March 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  14. ^ флот України. ПІДВОДНИЙ ЧОВЕН "ЗАПОРІЖЖЯ" ЗАЛИШИТЬСЯ РОСІЇ. fleet.sebastopol (in Ukrainian). 21 April 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  15. ^ Россия передумала отдавать Украине ее единственную подлодку, захваченную в Крыму. NEWSru.com. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "Russia will give another 4 ships to the Ukrainian Navy" Підводний човен "Запоріжжя" таки повернуть в Україну і зроблять з нього музей. Televiziyna Sluzhba Novyn. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  17. ^ Seleznev, Denis (6 August 2014). Корреспондент: На маленьком флоту. На что сейчас способны остатки украинского флота. Korrespondent (in Russian). Retrieved 18 June 2015. 

References[edit]

  • Solomko, I. (May 2006), "A Spellbound Boat", Korrespondent (in Russian) 

External links[edit]