Ukrainka (air base)
- For the Ukrainian poet and writer, see Lesya Ukrainka.
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Operator||Russian Air Force|
|Elevation AMSL||771 ft / 235 m|
Ukrainka (also known as Ookrainka and Seryshevo) is one of Russia's largest strategic Long Range Aviation bases in the Russian Far East. Located in Amur Oblast, Russia, 28 km north of Belogorsk, and 8km north of the town of Seryshevo, it is a major nuclear bomber base, with large tarmacs and nearly 40 revetments.
In 1955, Ukrainka was one of only six Soviet bases capable of handling the Myasishchev M-4 (Bison) bomber. The Tu-22 (Blinder) operated from the base in the 1960s-1970s, and by the 1980s, its fleet consisted of a large number of Tu-95K22 (Bear-G) and a smaller number of Tu-95K (Bear-B) aircraft. By 1994, all of the early Tu-95 variants had been replaced by the Tu-95MS Bear-H. In 1998, it had 16 Tu-95MS16 and 27 Tu-95MS6 aircraft, according to START I treaty documents[#21].
Units stationed at Ukrainka have included:
- 73rd Heavy Bomber Aviation Regiment (73 TBAP), with 42 Tu-95 bombers in the mid-1990s, many from Dolon.
- 40 Gv TBAP (40th Guards Heavy Bomber Aviation Regiment) with Myasishchev 3M bombers starting in 1957, and Tu-95, Tu-134, and An-26 aircraft through the 1980s and 1990s.
In 2007, units stationed at the base included:
- 326th Heavy Bomber Aviation Division (326 TBAD) headquarters, which arrived from Soltsy-2 in the Leningrad Military District in 1998, and was probably disbanded in 2009-2010. . Under control of 37th Air Army from October 1994.
- 79th Guards Heavy Bomber Aviation Regiment (79 Gv TBAP ), with Myasishchev 3M bombers starting in 1957, and Tu-95s through the 1980s and 1990s.
- 182nd Heavy Bomber Aviation Regiment (182 TBAP), flying Tu-95MS aircraft as recently as 2006.
The other two regiments listed under the control of the 326th TBAD by Air Forces Monthly in 2007 were the 200th Heavy Bomber Air Regiment at Belaya, near Irkutsk, and the 444th Heavy Bomber Air Regiment at Vozdvizhenka (Ussuriysk).
In 2009 there were extensive Air Force reductions. Strategic bomber units were reduced to three, with Ukrainka becoming the home of the 6952nd Air Base (warfare.ru reporting that it was the former 79th Heavy Bomber Aviation Regiment).
- "All Strategic Bombers Out Of Kazakhstan; Talks On Those In Ukraine," RFE/RL News Briefs, Vol. 3, No. 9, 21–25 February 1994, via Nuclear Threat Initiative, and Oleg Bukharin, Pavel L. Podvig, Frank von Hippel, Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces, MIT Press, 2004 ISBN 0-262-66181-0, ISBN 978-0-262-66181-2, p.385
- Air Forces Monthly, 2007
- Michael Holm, 326th Heavy Bomber Aviation Division, accessed September 2011