Ulaangom

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Ulaangom
Улаангом
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠮ
District
Ulaangom District
Улаангом сум
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠮᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Official Cyrillic transcription(s)
 • Mongolian Cyrillic Улаангом сум
Classical Mongolian transcription(s)
 • Mongolian script ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠮᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Central Ulaangom
Central Ulaangom
Ulaangom is located in Mongolia
Ulaangom
Ulaangom
Location in Mongolia
Coordinates: 49°59′11″N 92°04′19″E / 49.98639°N 92.07194°E / 49.98639; 92.07194
Country  Mongolia
Province Uvs Province
Founded 1686
Elevation 931 m (3,054 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 25'098

Ulaangom (Mongolian: Улаангом, Red Valley) is the capital of Uvs Province in Mongolia. It is located on the slopes of the Kharkhiraa mountain, 26 kilometres (16 mi) southwest from the lake Uvs Nuur shore and 120 kilometres or 70 miles south from the Russian border.

Description[edit]

The city has a population of 26,319 (2000 census), 23,000 (2006 est.[1]), 22,300 (end of 2008 est.[2]) or 28.9% of the total population of Uvs aimag. It is divided into two suburban areas named Chandmani "Чандмань" and Uliasny Khev "Улиасны Хэв".

A Consulate of Tuva Republic of Russia is located in Ulaangom, and a Representative Office of Uvs Province in Kyzyl, the capital of Tuva.

Culture[edit]

The city has monuments from the communist era, such as a monument of Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, who was born in Uvs province and led the country for more than 40 years, in front of the Provincial Government Building. There are many educational and cultural organizations and institutions in the city. There is a branch of a university, a vocational college and 5 secondary schools.

History[edit]

Ulaangom is believed to be founded in 1686. The foundation of the Ulaangom Monastery was erected in 1871 as Dechinravjaa Monastery. Historical evidence indicates that there were grain plantations in operation in late 17th century in the area of Ulaangom.

Transportation[edit]

Ulaangom is connected to the Russian border by Highway, and imports its electricity from the Russian Federation. The old airport is no longer in service. New Ulaangom Airport is called Deglii Tsagaan and it is situated north of the city. The new runway and terminal were completed in June 2011 and the first jetliner of Eznis Airways landed on June 26, 2011 from Ulaanbaatar. As of May 2017, Hunnu Air was the only airline that had regular scheduled flight from Ulaanbaatar.

Climate[edit]

Ulaangom experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, dry, very cold winters and short, warm summers. Precipitation is very low, with an annual average of 130 millimetres or 5.12 inches. Owing to its location in a deep valley near the center of the Siberian High, Ulaangom is subject to temperature inversions reaching up to 13.0 °C or 23.4 °F colder than middle and upper mountain slopes. It is thus one of the coldest places in Mongolia[3] despite lying at a lower altitude than most of the country. Temperatures can reach −45 °C (−49 °F) or lower in the winter and 35 °C (95 °F) or more in the summer[citation needed].

Climate data for Ulaangom
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −14.0
(6.8)
−10.7
(12.7)
8.7
(47.7)
23.7
(74.7)
35.9
(96.6)
37.7
(99.9)
38
(100)
36.4
(97.5)
32.8
(91)
22
(72)
8.2
(46.8)
−6
(21)
38
(100)
Average high °C (°F) −26.0
(−14.8)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−11.6
(11.1)
7.6
(45.7)
16.9
(62.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.9
(78.6)
23.3
(73.9)
15.2
(59.4)
5.3
(41.5)
−11.8
(10.8)
−23.3
(−9.9)
1.88
(35.39)
Daily mean °C (°F) −31.4
(−24.5)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−18.5
(−1.3)
1.1
(34)
9.5
(49.1)
16.4
(61.5)
18.7
(65.7)
15.6
(60.1)
8.5
(47.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−29
(−20)
−4.99
(23.04)
Average low °C (°F) −36.6
(−33.9)
−35.4
(−31.7)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−5.8
(21.6)
2
(36)
10.1
(50.2)
12.9
(55.2)
9.7
(49.5)
1.7
(35.1)
−9.8
(14.4)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−34.9
(−30.8)
−11.32
(11.67)
Record low °C (°F) −59.9
(−75.8)
−59
(−74)
−53
(−63)
−34
(−29)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.4
(32.7)
−1
(30)
−8.7
(16.3)
−32
(−26)
−50
(−58)
−55.9
(−68.6)
−59.9
(−75.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.8
(0.071)
1.8
(0.071)
3.4
(0.134)
3.9
(0.154)
6.3
(0.248)
26.2
(1.031)
35.0
(1.378)
22.8
(0.898)
13.4
(0.528)
4.6
(0.181)
6.8
(0.268)
4.0
(0.157)
130
(5.119)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.5 0.6 1.2 1.1 1.5 4.4 7.2 4.0 2.4 1.0 1.8 1.0 26.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135.0 158.4 233.9 260.4 313.4 318.9 307.4 297.2 250.4 195.9 100.5 103.6 2,675
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [4]

Coordinates: 49°59′N 92°04′E / 49.983°N 92.067°E / 49.983; 92.067

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Health of Mongolia. National Center for Health Development. Health Indicators 2006 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2013-06-30. 
  2. ^ Uvs Aimag Statistical Office.2008 Annual Report
  3. ^ Bayasgalan Gerelchuluun and Ahn Joong-Bae; ‘Air temperature distribution over Mongolia using dynamical downscaling and statistical correction’, in International Journal of Climatology; 34: 2464 – 2476 (2014)
  4. ^ "Ulaangom Climate Normals 1963-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 12, 2012.