The Ulan Moron or Tuotuo River
The Mar Qu, Ulan Moron (Mongolian: ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ, Ulaan Mörön, lit. "Red River"; pinyin: Wūlánmùlún) or Tuotuo River (Tibetan: ཐོག་ཐོག་ཆུ་, ZYPY: Togtog Qu, Chinese: 沱沱河, p Tuótuó Hé, lit. "Tearful River") is a river in Qinghai province in the People's Republic of China. Although the Dangqu (or Dam Chu) is the geographic source of the Yangtze River, the Ulan Moron has been officially recognized by the PRC as the main river. With its location in Inner Asia, it therefore belongs to the East China Sea watershed basin.
In Chinese, the character 河 originally described the Yellow River and 江 the Yangtze. In modern practice, a jiang is usually a longer river, while he varies from shorter rivers (as the Tuotuo) to creeks (such as Suzhou Creek in Shanghai).
- Powers, John & al. Historical Dictionary of Tibet, p. 155. Scarecrow Press (Plymouth), 2012. Accessed 14 August 2013.
- 梅祖彦 [Mei Zuyan]. 《晚年随笔》 ["Old Age Essays"], p. 289. "The Changjiang Sanxia Hydro Power Development". 1997. Accessed 13 August 2013.
- See, e.g., Togtoh County and Todok.
- But note Mei Zuyan who claims the Chinese name merely transliterates a former Tibetan name. Bolstering his point is the alternate Chinese spelling of the river's name as the 托托. In fact, if the name was originally a transliteration, it probably derives from a variant of the Mongolian Togtoh.
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