Ulanhot

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Ulanhot

乌兰浩特市ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Ulanhot Airport main terminal building
Ulanhot Airport main terminal building
Ulanhot in Hinggan
Ulanhot in Hinggan
Ulanhot is located in Inner Mongolia
Ulanhot
Ulanhot
Location of the city center in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates (Ulanhot municipal government): 46°04′20″N 122°05′36″E / 46.0722°N 122.0933°E / 46.0722; 122.0933Coordinates: 46°04′20″N 122°05′36″E / 46.0722°N 122.0933°E / 46.0722; 122.0933
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionInner Mongolia
LeagueHinggan League
Area
 • County-level city772.0 km2 (298.1 sq mi)
 • Urban
86.10 km2 (33.24 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • County-level city344,000
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban265,600
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
137400
Area code(s)0482
Websitewww.wlht.gov.cn
Ulanhot
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese乌兰浩特
Traditional Chinese烏蘭浩特
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicУлаан хот
Mongolian scriptᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Former name
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese王爺
Simplified Chinese王爷庙
Literal meaningprince temple

Ulanhot (Mongolian: ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠣᠲᠠ; Chinese: 乌兰浩特), formerly known as Wangin Süm, alternatively Wang-un Süme, Ulayanqota (Red City) in Classical Mongolian, is a county-level city and the administrative center of Hinggan League in the east of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region. Formerly known as Wangyehmiao or Wangyemiao (王爺廟), the city became the first capital of Inner Mongolia, the first autonomous region in China, on 1 May 1947,[2] until the regional capital moved to Zhangjiakou in late December 1949; the regional capital moved again in June 1952 to Hohhot, which remains the capital to this day.[3]

The city is connected to Baicheng, Jilin by the Baicheng–Arxan railway (Chinese: 白阿铁路), which runs through the pass south of Ulanhot[citation needed]. China's National Highway 302 runs from Tumen, Jilin to Ulanhot. In the 7918 Network of Highways it will be on the route from Hunchun to Ulanhot[clarification needed]. The city is also served by Ulanhot Airport (ICAO code ZBUL, IATA code HLH). Routes flown by Air China, Hainan Airlines and Genghis Khan Airlines connect Ulanhot with Beijing Capital International Airport and Hohhot.

Just outside the city is a tomb from the Yuan dynasty and a temple dedicated to Genghis Khan. The temple was constructed in 1940. In the year 2002 it received funds for significant expansion.[4]

Climate[edit]

Ulan Hot has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). Winters are long, cold and dry, while summers are very warm. The monthly 24-hour mean temperature ranges from −15.0 °C (5.0 °F) in January to 22.9 °C (73.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 5.03 °C (41.1 °F). Over two-thirds of the annual rainfall occurs from May to August.

Climate data for Ulan Hot
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
11.7
(53.1)
23.5
(74.3)
31.7
(89.1)
38.3
(100.9)
40.3
(104.5)
39.7
(103.5)
37.1
(98.8)
32.5
(90.5)
29.9
(85.8)
18.9
(66.0)
7.7
(45.9)
40.3
(104.5)
Average high °C (°F) −8.6
(16.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.8
(38.8)
14.3
(57.7)
22.2
(72.0)
26.5
(79.7)
28.1
(82.6)
26.9
(80.4)
21.3
(70.3)
12.6
(54.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.0
(5.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
7.2
(45.0)
15.2
(59.4)
20.4
(68.7)
22.9
(73.2)
21.0
(69.8)
14.4
(57.9)
5.6
(42.1)
−4.9
(23.2)
−12.4
(9.7)
5.0
(41.1)
Average low °C (°F) −20.3
(−4.5)
−17.1
(1.2)
−9.6
(14.7)
0.0
(32.0)
7.7
(45.9)
14.3
(57.7)
17.8
(64.0)
15.4
(59.7)
8.0
(46.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−9.9
(14.2)
−17.2
(1.0)
−0.9
(30.3)
Record low °C (°F) −33.7
(−28.7)
−31.2
(−24.2)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−13.6
(7.5)
−4.5
(23.9)
2.9
(37.2)
10.4
(50.7)
6.0
(42.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−17.4
(0.7)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−32.9
(−27.2)
−33.7
(−28.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.3
(0.05)
2.3
(0.09)
4.8
(0.19)
14.8
(0.58)
28.8
(1.13)
93.4
(3.68)
148.6
(5.85)
89.4
(3.52)
37.3
(1.47)
16.8
(0.66)
3.2
(0.13)
1.9
(0.07)
442.6
(17.42)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.6 2.5 3.2 3.9 6.8 12.3 13.8 10.9 7.9 3.9 2.7 2.6 72.1
Source: Weather China

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 48. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ Wang, Zhanyi (王占义); Shi, Ye (史叶) (2017-07-06). 1947年内蒙古自治政府在兴安盟成立-中国社会科学网. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  3. ^ 内蒙古统一的民族区域自治的实现. Xinhua Inner Mongolia. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  4. ^ "China Plans New Investment to Expand Genghis Khan Temple". People's Daily. 2002-09-04.