Ulises Francisco Espaillat

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Ulises Espaillat
Ulises espaillat.jpg
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg 15th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
April 29, 1876 – October 5, 1876
Preceded byCouncil of Secretaries of State
Succeeded bySuperior Governing Junta
Personal details
BornFebruary 9, 1823
Saint-Yague (now Santiago), Cibao Department, Haiti (now in the Dominican Republic)
DiedApril 25, 1878 (aged 55)
Santiago, Santiago Province, Dominican Republic
NationalityDominican
Spouse(s)Eloísa Espaillat
Children6
OccupationDruggist/apothecary, spirits brewer, baker, politician

Ulises Francisco Espaillat Quiñones (February 9, 1823 – 1878) was a Dominican author and politician. He served as president of the Dominican Republic from April 29, 1876 to October 5, 1876. Espaillat Province is named after him.

Early life[edit]

Ulises Francisco Espaillat Quiñones was born on 9 February 1823 in Santiago, officially known from 1822 to 1844 as Saint-Yague, into a wealthy family of French, Canarian, Aragonese and Genovese descent; he was the only son of Pedro Ramón Espaillat Velilla (Santiago, 1796−idem, 1882) and María Petronila Quiñones Tavares (1804−1874). His father was the tenth and junior child of Francisco Antonio Espaillat Virol —a Frenchman native to Masclat that settled in Santiago in 1758 in an epoch where one-third of the population was of French origin— and Petronila Velilla Sánchez —whose father was born in Aragon. He was described by his contemporaries as a tall, pale-complexioned, blue-eyed, dark blond-haired man.

In his early childhood and adolescence he received lessons in English, French, music, mathematics and other disciplines, within the limited possibilities of school education that the country lived under the Haitian occupation. He later received medical lessons from a paternal uncle, Dr. Santiago Espaillat (who later became President-elect in 1849). Ulises Espaillat established a pharmacy in the early 1840s. In 1845, he married his first cousin Eloísa Espaillat Rodríguez, daughter of his uncle Juan José Espaillat Velilla.

Politics[edit]

Espaillat served in many offices, including Senator, member of the House of Representatives, Customs Inspector of Puerto Plata, and member of the Provincial Deputation of Santiago.[1]

He opposed the 1861 Spanish colonial restoration, and as a result, he was exiled; he returned to his country in 1863. He served as Vice President in 1864.

With the support of Gregorio Luperón, Espaillat won the March 24, 1876 presidential election. Espaillat was a political and economic liberal who wished to broaden the personal freedoms of the Dominican people and improve the country's economy by taking from the producers of the society in order to pay for his ideas. However, he was forced to resign (on December 20, 1876) before he could set in motion any plan of action, due to rebellions in the south and east.[2]

Ancestry[edit]

Offspring[edit]

President Espaillat has been identified as the most recent common ancestor for most of the Dominican oligarchy and aristocracy, since his offspring managed to establish bonds with the most prominent families from Santiago, who became later the richest families of the country.[3]

  • Ulises Francisco Espaillat Velilla Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg his cousin Eloísa Espaillat Rodríguez (Santiago, 1818–ibid., 1919)
    • Teófilo Espaillat Espaillat (Santiago, 1847–1866); never got married.
    • Augusto Espaillat Espaillat (Santiago, 1849–1896) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Felicia Amalia Julia Julia (1859–1911)
      • Enrique de Jesús Espaillat Julia (1877–1934) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Ana Idalia González Nouel (1878–1970)
        • María Eloisa “Mayoya” Espaillat González (Santiago, 1899–ibidem, 1991) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José Ignacio Bermúdez Ramos
          • Ana Idalia Bermúdez Espaillat (1924–1999) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg her second-cousin once-removed Edmundo Enrique Batlle Viñas
            • Edmundo Batlle Bermúdez Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Claudia Cabral Lluberes (b. 1964)
              • Ana Amelia Batlle Cabral
              • Laura Emilia Batlle Cabral
          • Erasmo Bermúdez Espaillat (1929–1961) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg his cousin Ana Luisa Bermúdez Castillo
        • Felicia Altagracia Espaillat González (1900–1933) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Juan Tomás Tavares Julia
        • Amantina Rafaela Espaillat González (1903–2006) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Manuel Alejandro Grullón Rodríguez-Objío (1895–1985)
          • Alejandro Enrique Grullón Espaillat (b. 1929) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Ana Dínorah Viñas Messina (1952–2001); Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Melba Segura Castillo
            • Manuel Alejandro Grullón Viñas (b. 1953) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Rosa “Cuchita” Hernández
              • Manuel Alejandro Grullón Hernández Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Stephanie Baud
            • Virginia Grullón Viñas Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José Ramón Prats
            • Eduardo Grullón Viñas Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Jhoanna Rodríguez
            • Alexandra María Grullón Segura (b. 1998)
      • Ulises Francisco Espaillat Julia (Santiago,1879–1933) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Aracelis Carrón Mora
        • Ulises Augusto Espaillat Carrón Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Margarita Mercedes Vega Espaillat
          • José Ulises Espaillat Vega (1931–1947)
          • Margarita Mercedes Espaillat Vega (1938–1960)
        • María Matilde Espaillat Carrón Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Mario Giusseppe Schiffino Gorra
        • Estela Mercedes Espaillat Carrón
      • Pedro Ramón Espaillat Julia (Santiago, 1882–1965) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Eleonora Grullón Rodríguez-Objío (1900–1978)
        • Alejandro Augusto Espaillat Grullón (Santiago, 1904–Santo Domingo, 1984) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Josefina Eugenia Cabral Bermúdez
          • Pedro Ramón Espaillat Cabral (1943–1985)
        • María del Rosario Espaillat Grullón Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José Manuel Elmúdesi Porcella
          • Leonor Rosario Elmúdesi Espaillat Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Juan Francisco Bancalari Brugal
            • Juan José Bancalari Elmúdesi
            • Manuel Andrés Bancalari Elmúdesi
        • Mariana Felicia Espaillat Grullón Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Luis Crouch Bogaert
          • Luis Arturo Crouch Espaillat
          • Miguel Eduardo Crouch Espaillat
          • Ramón Alejando Crouch Espaillat
          • María del Rosario Crouch Espaillat
      • María Enriqueta Espaillat Julia (Santiago, 1884–1915) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg her cousin Juan Julio Julia Ricardo (Santiago, 1879–Moca, 1934)
        • José Oscar Julia Espaillat (1914–1987) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Olga Marranzini Marra
        • Carmen Virginia Julia Marranzini (b. 1946)
        • María Rosa Julia Marranzini (b. 1955)
      • Eloísa Espaillat Julia (Santiago, 1885–1976) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José Cayetano Vega Llenas
        • Gustavo Eduardo Vega Espaillat (1904–1989)
        • Augusto Vega Espaillat Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg
        • Margarita Mercedes Vega Espaillat Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Ulises Augusto Espaillat Carrón
          • José Ulises Espaillat Vega (1931–1947)
          • Margarita Mercedes Espaillat Vega (1938–1960)
      • María Mercedes Espaillat Julia (Santiago, 1886–1917)
      • María Matilde Espaillat Julia (Santiago, 1889–1976) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Andrés Alejandro Pastoriza Valverde (1887–?)
        • Andrés Alejandro Pastoriza Espaillat (1914–1994); never got married.
        • Tomás Augusto “Jimmy” Pastoriza Espaillat (1919–2002) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Claudina Julia Tavares Grieser (1923–2011)
          • María Matilde Pastoriza Tavares (b. 1946) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Roberto Bonnetti Guerra
          • Andrés Gustavo Pastoriza Tavares (b. 1948)
        • María Matilde Pastoriza Espaillat (b. 1923) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Héctor Rafael García-Godoy Cáceres (1921–1970)
          • Ana Matilde García-Godoy Pastoriza (1946–1987) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Manuel Alvarez Reyes
          • Guillermo García-Godoy Pastoriza (b. 1950) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Elisa Aleone Alfonseca Giner de los Ríos; Marriage symbol.svg Jennie Burch
      • Felicia Espaillat Julia (Santiago, 1891–1972)
    • María Dolores “Lola” Espaillat Espaillat (Santiago, 1853–ibid., 1936) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José Joaquín Batlle Filbá (Mataró, Spain, 1844–Santiago, 1899)
      • Jaime José Batlle Espaillat (1873–1923) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Tomasina de la Caridad Vega Llenas (Santiago, 1880–Santo Domingo, 1964)
        • Jaime Tomás Batlle Vega
        • Rosa Amelia Batlle Vega
        • María Mercedes Batlle Vega
        • Felipe José Batlle Vega
        • Nydia Amalia Batlle Vega
        • María Cristina Batlle Vega Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Miguel Ángel Delgado Sosa (Santo Domingo, 1894–1970)
          • Tomasina Altagracia Delgado Batlle (b. 1929) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Manuel María Alfaro Ricart (m. 1952); Rafael Mencía Lister (m. 1961)
          • María Cristina Brea Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Alberto Bonetti Burgos
        • Augusto Batlle Vega Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Enma Ginebra de la Rocha
      • María Asunción Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1876–Santo Domingo, 1972) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José Nicolás Vega Llenas (Santiago, 1867–ibid., 1925)
        • Carmen María Vega Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Pedro Manuel Olavarrieta Pérez
        • Mercedes Amalia Vega Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José María Cabral Bermúdez
          • José María Cabral Vega (b. 1933) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Graciela Genoveva Lluberes Henríquez
            • Amalia Josefina Gabriela Cabral Lluberes (b. 1963)
            • Claudia Cabral Lluberes (b. 1964) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Edmundo Batlle Bermúdez
              • Ana Amelia Batlle Cabral
              • Laura Emilia Batlle Cabral
            • José María Cabral Lluberes (b. 1967)
          • Petrica Cabral Vega (b. 1938) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José León Asensio (b. 1934)
          • María Josefina Cabral Vega Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Manuel Vicente Díez Méndez
          • Marco Buenaventura Cabral Vega
        • María Dolores Vega Batlle
        • Julio Francisco Vega Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Teresa Boyrie de Moya
        • Prima Aurora Vega Batlle
        • Carlos Manuel Vega Batlle
        • Virginia Vega Batlle
        • Jaime Rafael Vega Batlle (1906–1970) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Elsa López-Penha Alfau
          • Jaime Enrique Vega López-Penha Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Ángela Peynado Garrigosa
        • Rosa María Vega Batlle
        • Francisco Nicolás Vega Batlle
      • Manuel Francisco Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1878–1946) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Clara Nadelia Viñas Malagón
        • Carmen Rosa Batlle Viñas Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Aquiles Bermúdez Ramos
        • Clara Nadelia Batlle Viñas Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Jacques Thomén Candelario
        • Edmundo Enrique Batlle Viñas Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg his second-cousin once-removed Ana Idalia Bermúdez Espaillat (1924–1999)
          • Edmundo Batlle Bermúdez Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Claudia Cabral Lluberes (b. 1964)
            • Ana Amelia Batlle Cabral
            • Laura Emilia Batlle Cabral
        • José Abelardo Batlle Viñas (1904-1995) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Lucía Victoria Brugal André (1908–1995)
        • Mario Antonio Batlle Viñas (1908–2012) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Otilia Mercedes Bertha Franco Fondeur (1915-1995)
      • María Dolores Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1879–ibidem, 1879); never got married.
      • José Francisco Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1880–1980)
      • Cosme Antonio Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1881–1914)
      • Rafael Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1883–ibid. 1909) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Matilde Julia Ricardo
        • Mercedes Dolores Batlle Julia
      • Juan Francisco Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1885–ibidem, 1958) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg his third-cousin Amelia Dolores Morell Espaillat
        • Aída Mercedes Batlle Morell (1909–2011) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly Fondeur (1904–1979)
          • Luisa Amelia Bonnelly Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Rafael Hernández Mota
          • Rafael Francisco Bonnelly Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Lucía Ricart Pellerano (†); Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Margarita Casals
          • Juan Sully Bonnelly Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Pura Álvarez
          • Aída Mercedes Bonnelly Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Reynaldo Bisonó
        • Cosme Rafael Batlle Morell
        • Daysi Antonia Batlle Morell
        • Oscar Rafael Batlle Morell
        • Roberto Augusto Batlle Morell
        • Víctor Manuel Batlle Morell Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Lourdes Lidilia Jorge Blanco (Santiago, 1922–ibidem, 2001)
        • Juan José Batlle Morell (Santiago, 1907–1975) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg María Eva Álvarez Pereyra
        • Luis Tomás Batlle Morell (Santiago, 1917–La Ciénaga de Higüerito, 1942)
      • Rosa Mercedes Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1887–1972) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Manuel Arturo Tavares Julia
        • Julia Dolores Tavares Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Domingo Octavio Bermúdez Ramos
        • Rosa María Tavares Batlle (Santiago, 1911–ibid., 2000) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Marco Antonio Cabral Bermúdez
      • Augusto Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1888–ibidem, 1979) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Asunción Coralia Nicolás Rodríguez
      • María del Carmen Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1890–1971) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Salvador Augusto Cocco Pastoriza (1892–1995)
        • Manuel Augusto Cocco Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Gisela Guerrero Dujarric
          • Manuel Augusto Cocco Guerrero
          • Miguel Salvador Cocco Guerrero (Santiago, 1941–Santo Domingo, 2009) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Aura Minerva González Tabar
          • Patricia Margarita Cocco Guerrero
          • Pedro José Cocco Guerrero
        • Carmen Aura Cocco Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Federico Thomén Candelario
      • Ana Mercedes Batlle Espaillat (Santiago, 1893–ibidem, 1981) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg José Mauricio Álvarez Perelló
        • Ana Antonia Álvarez Batlle Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Jean Antonio Haché Zogbi
    • Adela Espaillat Espaillat (Santiago, 1856–1946)
    • Sofía Espaillat Espaillat (Santiago, 1857–1895) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Pílades Stéfani Viegani (Barga, Italy, 1854–Santiago, 1928)
      • María Italia Stéfani Espaillat (1881–1882)
      • María Filomena Stéfani Espaillat (Santiago, 1882–ibid., 1967) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Manuel Antonio Valverde Olivo
        • Mercedes Octavia Valverde Stéfani
        • María Sofía Valverde Stéfani
        • Manuel Antonio Valverde Stéfani (1906–1976)
        • Sebastián Emilio Valverde Stéfani (1911–1962)
      • María Electa Stéfani Espaillat (Santiago, 1884–ibid., 1972)
      • María Adela Stéfani Espaillat (Santiago, 1889–ibid., 1953) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg Anibal Comolli Becchi
      • Juan Bautista Stéfani Espaillat (1893–1938)
    • Rafael de Jesús Espaillat Espaillat (Santiago, 1863–1949) Marriage-cross-Christian-symbol.svg María Encarnación Gutiérrez
      • Rafael Armando Espaillat Gutiérrez (1886–1952)
      • Juan de Jesús Espaillat Gutiérrez (1887–1979)
      • Isabel Estelvina Espaillat Gutiérrez (1890–1914)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ www.mi-rd.com: Ulises Francisco Espaillat
  2. ^ Dominican Republic - The Contest for Power, 1865-82
  3. ^ Espinal Hernández, Edwin (12 February 2011). "Ulises F. Espaillat ¿el tronco de la oligarquía?" (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 22 July 2016.

External links[edit]