Ulkatcho First Nation
The Ulkatcho First Nation is a Dakelh First Nations government in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is a member of the Carrier Chilcotin Tribal Council, its offices are located in Anahim Lake, British Columbia at the western edge of the Chilcotin District. The Ulkatcho government is responsible for 22 Indian reserves with a population of 729 members living on-reserve, and another 200 living off reserve. Its people are of the Ulkatchot’en ethnic group, a subgroup of the Carrier (Dakelh). Ulkatcho people have intermarried heavily with both Nuxalk and Chilcotin people and share territory in the Coast Range with the Nuxalk. Many distinctively Ulkatcho family names, such as Cahoose, Capoose, Sill, Squinas, and Stilas come from Nuxalk.
The name Ulkatcho is an anglicisation of Ulhk'acho, the name of one village, now disused, on Gatcho Lake. Ulhk'acho means "big bounteous place", a place with bountiful fish, game, and other resources. It is based on the root k'a "fat".
Chief and councillors
- Betty Cahoose, Chief
- Gertie Capoose
- Breanna Charleyboy
- Harvey Sulin
Previous chiefs were Lynda Price, Alan Weselowski, Cassidy Sill, and Jimmy Stillas. These past chiefs held a great interest in the land and the survival of their territories and ways of life of the Dakelh people. Today, the invasion of resource development has forced the community to sign agreements that are misinterpreted as a way out of the financial crisis. Although these short term benefits include menial jobs through New Gold and other invasive capitalist companies, the impact on the land has not been included.
Lance Cahoose Memorial Ball-hockey tournament May 18 to 20
The figures following each reserve name are its area, in hectares.
- Ulkatcho Indian Reserve No. 1 1 ha.
- Squinas Inian Reserve No. 2 400 ha.
- Thomas Squinas Ranch Indian Reserve No. 2A 248.5 ha.
- Towdystan Lake Indian Reserve No. 3 258.2 ha.
- Abuntlet Lake Indian Reserve No. 4 129.5 ha.
- Ulkatcho Indian Reserve No. 5 129.6 ha.
- Uklatcho Indian Reserve No. 6 129.5 ha.
- Salmon River Indian Reserve Meadow No. 7 96.3 ha.
- Cahoose Indian Reserve No. 8 259 ha.
- Cahoose Indian Reserve No. 10 198.7 ha.
- Blackwater Meadow Indian Reserve No. 11 57.5 ha.
- Cahoose Indian Reserve No. 12 64.8 ha.
- Ulkatcho Indian Reserve No. 13 194 ha.
- Louis Squinas Ranch Indian Reserve No. 14 356.3 ha.
- Ulkatcho Indian Reserve No. 14A 256.6 ha.
- Casimiel Meadows Indian Reserve No. 15A 64.8 ha.
- Amy Cahoose Meadow Indian Reserve No. 16 129.5 ha.
- Tilgatko Indian Reserve No. 17 62.7 ha.
- Betty Creek Indian Reserve No. 18 129.5 ha.
- Willow Meadow Indian Reserve No. 9 59.5 ha.
- Fishtrap Indian Reserve No. 19 20.2 ha.
Notable Ulkatcho people
- Carey Price, hockey player (Son of former Chief Lynda Price)
- Jimmy Stilas, former chief whose death was one of the incidents leading to the Cariboo-Chilcotin Justice Inquiry.
- Birchwater, Sage. 1991. 'Ulkatcho'ten: the People of Ulkatcho. Anahim Lake, B.C.: Ulkatcho Indian Band.
- Goldman, Irving. 1940. “The Alkatcho Carrier of British Columbia,” in Linton, Ralph (ed.) Acculturation in Seven American Indian Tribes. New York: Appleton-Century pp. 333–389
- Goldman, Irving. 1943. “The Alkatcho Carrier: Historical Background of Crest Prerogatives,” American Anthropologist 41.396-421.
- Indian and Northern Affairs. Ulkatcho First Nation entry in Indian and Northern Affairs Canada First Nations profiles