Ullahpara Upazila

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ullapara
উল্লাপাড়া
Upazila
ullapara is located in Bangladesh
ullapara
ullapara
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°19.2′N 89°34′E / 24.3200°N 89.567°E / 24.3200; 89.567Coordinates: 24°19.2′N 89°34′E / 24.3200°N 89.567°E / 24.3200; 89.567
Country Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
District Sirajganj District
Area
 • Total 414.43 km2 (160.01 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 • Total 399,074
 • Density 960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code [6760]
Website Map

Ullahpara (Bengali: উল্লাপাড়া) is an upazila in Sirajganj District, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh.[1] It is known as the gateway to North Bengal, since the Dhaka-Rangpur and Dhaka-Rajshahi highways intersect at Hatikumrul in Ullahpara.

History[edit]

Around 4500 BC, the region of Varendra consisted of parts of Dinajpur, Joypurhat, Bogra, Rajshahi and western Pabna. Pabna and Mymensingh were formed by the deposition of alluvial river soil. At that time, there was no Jamuna River, and Sirajganj and Tangail were part of Mymensingh. According to the Chinese traveler Xuanzang, Sirajgonj was inhabited for seven centuries before the Jamuna began to separate the region from the rest of Mymensingh. At that time, the new region was underwater for eight or nine months of the year. According to Xuanzang, the west bank of the Karatoya River was in the kingdom of Pundravardhana; Ullapara was probably also in th kingdom at the time. The area was settled during the eras of Muslim administration (1204-1757) and the British Raj (1757-1947) before a business center was established. In 1875 a thana (police station) was built, and on July 2, 1983 Ullahpara became an upazila.

Geography[edit]

Ullahpara, with 69,479 households and an area of 414 square kilometres (160 sq mi), was built on alluvial soil deposited by the Padma, Jamuna and other rivers. The upazilas of Raiganj and Tarash are to the north, Tarash and Bhangura to the west, Faridpur and Shahjadpur to the south and Belkuchi and Kamarkhanda to the east. Ullahpara is an estimated 10–12 feet (3.0–3.7 m) above sea level, and is drained by the Karatoya, Fulzor, Jopjopia and Kamla Dargadoh Rivers. The average annual high temperature is 35 °C (95 °F), and the average low is 21 °C (70 °F). Annual average rainfall is 170–190 centimetres (67–75 in).

Demographics[edit]

In the 1991 Bangladesh census, Ullapara had a population of 399,074. Males were 51.13 percent of the population, and females 48.87 percent. The population aged 18 and older was 192,188. Ullapara had an average literacy rate of 39.61 percent (ages seven and older); males had a 44.81-percent literacy rate and females a 34.09-percent rate, compared to the national average of 82.4 percent.[2]

Transport[edit]

Rivers were formerly the only effective routes of communication. The Dhaka-Rangpur highway and the Dhaka-Rajshahi railway connect the upazila (at the village of Newargacha) with other parts of Bangladesh. A road network exists, and the Bangabandhu Bridge over the Jamuna has reduced the overland travel time to Dhaka to about three hours.

Education[edit]

Ullahpara's oldest secondary school, Salop High School (estabd. in 1905),the second oldest Ullapara Merchant's Pilot High English School, was founded in 1906 by the jute merchants of the small river port. Other schools are Kaliakoir Adarsha High School, Ullapara Science College, Government Akbar Ali College and K.A.M High School. Akbar Ali College, founded in 1970, was the upazila's first college. There are also some schools as Momena Ali Biggan School, Mohonpur KM Institution, Udhunia Manikjan High School, Ullahpara Adarsha High School Shribari Haribhanga Govt. Primary School Kayra High School & College, Kayra Fazil Madrasa, Kayra Baghal Pur Govt Primary School, Dadpur High School, Kayra, Kayra Khadiza Saeed High school etc....

Notable residents[edit]

Notable residents have included politician Abdur Rashid Tarkabagish, revolutionary Rajendra Lahiri, H.T Imam, Abdul Latif Mirza and M. Akbar Ali.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Md. Ruhul Amin (2012), "Ullahpara Upazila", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 
  2. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS.". Archived from the original on 2005-03-27. Retrieved November 10, 2006.