Stac Fada Member
|Stac Fada Member
Stratigraphic range: Mesoproterozoic
Accretionary lapilli from the Stac Fada Member
|Unit of||Bay of Stoer Formation, Stoer Group|
|Underlies||Poll a' Mhuilt Member|
|Thickness||4 to 10.5 m|
|Extent||55 km along the coast of NW Scotland|
|Named for||Stac Fada, a small headland west of Stoer|
The Stac Fada Member is a distinctive layer towards the top of the Mesoproterozoic Bay of Stoer Formation, part of the Torridonian Supergroup. This rock unit is 10 to 15 metres thick and is made of sandstone that contains accretionary lapilli and many dark green glassy fragments of mafic composition. Evidence for a bolide impact centered on Ullapool was published by a combined team of scientists from the University of Oxford and the University of Aberdeen, in March 2008.
The evidence is centred on Ullapool, a harbour town on Loch Broom in the Ross and Cromarty district of the Highland council area of northwest Scotland. It may have been the largest known bolide impact ever to strike what are now the British Isles. The impact, which has been dated to about 1.18 Ga, melted rock at the site and left parallel shock fractures in quartz and biotite and a tell-tale trace of iridium. Centered on the impact crater, a wide ejecta field has been traced, some 50 km across, forming the Stac Fada member within the Stoer Group of the Torridonian. The affected layer of rock, which on land stretches from Gairloch in the south to Stoer in the north is six to 22 metres thick. Until recently, these anomalous formations were unsatisfactorily credited to an isolated instance of volcanism.
The crater, preserved under sedimentary layers of sandstone, is currently presumed to lie under the Minch, the waterway that separates the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides from the north-west Highlands of Scotland. It has been estimated that the crater is about 10 km across. The impact would have created a blast with the force of 145,000 megatons and that the shock wave would have created winds of 420 km/h as far away as the site of modern Aberdeen.
- Silverpit crater, the only other proposed impact crater in or near the British Isles.
- Impact event
- List of impact craters on Earth
- North West Highlands Geopark
- Geology of Scotland
- "Stac Fada Member". The BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units. British Geological Survey. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Britain's biggest meteorite impact found" (Press release). University of Aberdeen. 26 March 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Parnell, J.; Mark, D.; Fallick, A.E.; Boyce, A.; Thackrey, S. (2011). "The age of the Mesoproterozoic Stoer Group sedimentary and impact deposits, NW Scotland". Journal of the Geological Society. 168 (2): 349–358. doi:10.1144/0016-76492010-099.
- Urquhart, Frank (27 March 2008). "Discovery with deep impact on Scots coast". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- The strata under study are part of the Stac Fada Member of the Precambrian Stoer Group of Scotland.
- Amor, Kenneth; Hesselbo, Stephen P.; Porcelli, Don; Thackrey, Scott; Parnell, John (March 2008). "A Precambrian proximal ejecta blanket from Scotland". Geology. 36 (4): 303–306. doi:10.1130/G24454A.1.