Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer

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This article is about the poet. For the place, see Ulloor.
Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer
Born (1877-06-06)6 June 1877
Changanassery, Kerala
Died June 15, 1949(1949-06-15) (aged 72)
Occupation Poet
Nationality Indian
Notable works Umakeralam, Karnabhushanam, Pingala, Kerala Sahitya Charithram

Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer (6 June 1877 – 15 June 1949) (commonly known as Ulloor) was a Malayalam poet and historian. He was one of the triumvirate poets of Kerala in the first half of the 20th century, along with Kumaran Asan and Vallathol Narayana Menon.[1]

Ulloor was born at the Thamarassery Illam at Perunnai, Changanassery.[2] Since his ancestral home was at Ulloor, he came to be known as Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer.[2] His father died when he was young and his mother raised him.[2] He graduated with Honors in Philosophy from Maharajas College and joined the Travancore State Services.[2] Later he took Degree in Law and Master's in Malayalam and Tamil.[2] He was later appointed as the income tax officer and then as the Chief Secretary.[2]

Ulloor published his mahakavya Umakeralam in 1914. Until then, only Pandalam Kerala Varma's Rukmamgadacharitham was considered as a complete mahakavya in Malayalam.[3] Some of his other best known works were Pingala, Karnabhooshanam, Bhakthideepika, and Chithrasala.[2]

After Ulloor's death, University of Kerala published one of his most noted works Kerala Sahitya Charithram, which describes the history of Malayalam language, culture, and literature.[2] He studied ancient literature and palm leaf manuscripts to bring out old literary works such as Rama Charitham poem and Doothavakyam prose.[2]


The Indian Posts and Telegraph department released a commemorative stamp after Ulloor's death.[2] A full size statue of Ulloor was unveiled by the Indian President Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy in Thiruvananthapuram on 15 May 1981.[2]


  1. ^ O. N. V. Kurup (2005). A. J. Thomas, ed. This Ancient Lyre: Selected Poems. Sahitya Akademi. p. 10. ISBN 8126017910. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Statues Of Trivandrum: Mahakavi Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer". Yentha.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. 1988. p. 1185. ISBN 8126011947. 

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