Ulm Einsatzkommando trial
The Ulm Einsatzkommando trial (1958) was the first major trial of Nazi crimes under West German law (rather than by an international or military tribunal). Ten suspects, former members of the Einsatzkommando Tilsit, were charged for their involvement in war crimes committed in Lithuania in 1941. All were convicted as accessories to mass murder and sentenced to various terms in prison, the chief perpetrators being held to be those from whom the orders had come down.
In light of the trial, Konrad Adenauer set up the Central Office of the State Justice Administrations for the Investigation of National Socialist Crimes.
- Patrick Tobin, Crossroads at Ulm: Postwar West Germany and the 1958 Ulm Einsatzkommando Trial, PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2013. Abstract. Accessed 30 September 2016.
- Sonia Phalnikar, Landmark Trial Pushed Germany to Tackle Nazi Past (an interview with Dieter Pohl (historian)), Deutsche Welle, 20 May 2008. Accessed 30 September 2016.