Ulmus americana 'Delaware'

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Ulmus americana
Washington Road Elm Allée (east side).jpg
Delaware Elms on the left, planted in 1983, with mature Princeton Elms on the right, planted in the 1920s. One of the side allées of the Washington Road Elm Allée in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.
Cultivar 'Delaware'
Origin USDA, Morristown, New Jersey, USA

The American Elm cultivar Ulmus americana 'Delaware' was originally selected (as tree number 218) from 35,000 seedlings inoculated with the Dutch elm disease fungus in USDA trials at Morristown, New Jersey.

Description[edit]

The tree has a relatively low stature and "undesirable" branching habit.[1][2]

Pests and diseases[edit]

Further disease-resistance trials were conducted by both the USDA and the United States National Arboretum which confirmed the clone had a fair level of resistance to Dutch elm disease. 'Delaware' is susceptible to Elm Yellows, but resistant to the Elm Leaf Beetle Xanthogaleruca luteola.

Cultivation[edit]

The original tree, which had been moved to the USDA National Arboretum, Washington, D. C. in 1948, died from unknown causes (probably elm yellows, by some accounts) in 1980, but a clone survives at the Denver Botanic Gardens, as 'Delaware II'. Although propagated for further trials, the tree was never commercially released owing to its poor shape. 'Delaware' is not known to have been introduced to Europe or Australasia.

Synonymy[edit]

  • 'Delaware II'.

NB 'Delaware I' is the original name given to the hybrid 'Urban' before its commercial release.

Accessions[edit]

North America[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Santamour, Frank S.; Bentz, Susan E. (May 1995). "Updated Checklist of Elm (Ulmus) Cultivars for use in North America". Journal of Arboriculture. 21 (3): 122–131. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  2. ^ Townsend, A. M., Bentz, S. E., and Douglass L. W. (2005). Evaluation of 19 American Elm Clones for Tolerance to Dutch Elm Disease. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, March 2005, Horticultural Research Institute, Washington, D.C.