Ulmus americana 'New Harmony'
|Origin||Maryland Agricultural Research Service, USA|
The American Elm cultivar Ulmus americana 'New Harmony' was raised by the Maryland Agricultural Research Service and released by the United States National Arboretum in 1995, along with 'Valley Forge'.
'New Harmony' is considered by some to have a more desirable form than 'Valley Forge' as it grows vertically on its own with a minimum of early training. The original parent tree (located on a roadside in Ohio) is already over 20 m high, with a slightly greater crown spread. The bole divides into several erect branches about 10 m above the ground terminating in slender, pendulous branchlets.
Pests and diseases
Although resistant to Dutch elm disease and Elm Leaf Beetle Xanthogaleruca luteola, like most other American Elm cultivars 'New Harmony' is susceptible to Elm Yellows and Japanese Beetle Popillia japonica. In the trials at U C Davis, the trees remained free of leaf curling aphids (Eriosoma), unlike its U. americana stablemates 'Valley Forge' and 'Princeton'.
The tree is named for the Indiana town renown for its social innovations in the 19th century.
- North America
- Bartlett Tree Experts. Acc. nos. 2001-233, 2001-446.
- Brenton Arboretum, Dallas Center, Iowa. No details available.
- Longwood Gardens. Acc. nos. 2000-0361, 2002-0412, 2004–0674.
- Morton Arboretum, Illinois, USA. Acc. no. 124-2008.
- U S National Arboretum , Washington, D.C., United States. Acc. no. 29003.
- Grange Farm Arboretum, Sutton St. James, Spalding, Lincolnshire, UK. Whips planted 2011. Acc. no. 1055.
- Townsend, A. M., Bentz, S. E., and Douglass L. W. (2005). Evaluation of 19 American Elm Clones for Tolerance to Dutch Elm Disease. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, March 2005, Horticultural Research Institute, Washington, D.C.
- McPherson, G. et al. (2008). National elm trial: Initial report from Northern California. Western Arborist, Fall 2009, 32–36.
- Brady, C., Condra, J., & Potter, D. (2008) Resistance of Landscape-suitable Elm (Ulmus spp.) Cultivars to Japanese Beetle, Leaf Miners, and Gall Makers. 2008 Research Report, Nursery & Landscape Program, 15–16. University of Kentucky.
- http://www.elmpost.org/2003-08.htm Photograph of New Harmony elms in their original test plot, showing their form of growth.
- http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/SUL4.pdf Summary, including photographs, of elm cultivars resistant to Dutch elm disease available in the USA.
- http://www.sunshinenursery.com/elms.htm Review of current elm selections in the USA.
- http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/fletcher/programs/nursery/metria/metria11/warren/elm.htm Return of the Elm -the status of elms in the nursery industry in 2000. Warren, K., J. Frank Schmidt and Co.