Ulnes Walton

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Ulnes Walton
The Rose and Crown on Southport Road (geograph 2121797).jpg
The Rose and Crown public house, Ulnes Walton
Ulnes Walton is located in Lancashire
Ulnes Walton
Ulnes Walton
Ulnes Walton shown within Lancashire
Population 2,672 (2011)
OS grid reference SD516187
Civil parish
  • Ulnes Walton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEYLAND
Postcode district PR26
Dialling code 01772
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°39′43″N 2°43′59″W / 53.662°N 2.733°W / 53.662; -2.733Coordinates: 53°39′43″N 2°43′59″W / 53.662°N 2.733°W / 53.662; -2.733

Ulnes Walton is a village and civil parish of the Borough of Chorley in Lancashire, England. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001 it has a population of 2,048, increasing to 2,672 at the 2011 Census.[1]

The village is also the location of two prisons. Garth Prison, holds Category B adult males, while Wymott Prison holds Category C adult males.

History[edit]

Due to variations in spelling over time, the pronunciation of the name of this village has varied. It is known to have been Oves Walton and Oos Walton. [2]

There is much of interest in this small township, a part of Chorley Rural District, situated about eight miles southwest of Preston between Croston and Leyland, with the ecclesiastical parishes of Croston and St James, Leyland, within its boundaries.

In the 13th century the manor of Walton was in the possession of Ulf of Walton, and was part of the barony of Penwortham. Legend has it that the original UIf was a Danish pirate who sailed up the river Douglas, into the river Lostock and settled at Littlewood. Ulf’s manor house was on the site of Littlewood Hall, about two miles from Ulnes Walton school.

A short distance north of Lostock Bridge, on the eastern side of the road to Leyland, there was until recently a small three-cornered piece of ground enclosed by hedges. This was the pinfold where straying animals were kept in charge of a pinner or pinder, who released them to the owners on payment of one shilling to the overseers of the township. The pinfold is now levelled, the trees bounding it cut down and no trace of it remains.

The bases of two crosses, one behind Lostock Bridge and the Roecroft cross at the junction of Ulnes Walton Lane and Southport Road, are all that remain of praying crosses where coffins were rested on their way to Croston or Eccleston church. There was no church at Moss Side, the west end of Leyland, until 1855.

The story goes that when the Roecroft cross base was moved during road widening it was brought back overnight to its original place. Several times the stone crossed and re-crossed the road until some local lads dressed as ghosts moved it to its present site, and it was not moved again.

There is also Roecroft Farm and Roe Cottage along Ulnes Walton lane, possibly named after the fact there were deer in the area. Over 50 years ago a house which had been roofed by corrugated iron was stripped to reveal the original thatch. Hidden in the thatch was a pair of deer's antlers. Deer poaching brought severe penalties, and this was evidence which could not be destroyed easily; hence the secure hiding place.

Within the boundaries of the township there have been a brickworks and a pottery. The pottery was specialised in the making of glazed earthenware for domestic and garden use.

The oldest established business, which continues to flourish, is that of J.H. Mayor and Sons' saw mills. The firm was established by James Mayor, great-great-grandfather of Henry Mayor, now head of the firm. James Mayor made handloom shuttles and bobbins. His son made bungs for brewers' barrels and clog blocks. The family business progressed and expanded under the next generation, headed by John Henry Mayor with his sons, the eldest of whom, Robert, was the father of the present owner. The firm supplied timber for joiners and wagon builders, as well as smaller items, such as mangle rollers.

Tradition says that Mr J. H. Mayor was able to save a piece of history, for amongst the timber received at the yard was a manger made from a tree trunk, which had been used for feeding horses when Lathom House was besieged by the Parliamentarians in 1645.

There was an old windmill behind the saw mill, described even in 1808 as 'the ruins of a windmill'. It had been used as a malt kiln and had a good well of water, but later fell into disuse, except for storage, and was demolished when the structure became unsafe.

Toll Bar House, no longer standing, on Southport Road, was much used when cockle-gatherers passed on their way from Banks to Chorley Market.

Geography[edit]

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