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Ulrich (German pronunciation: [uːlʁiːç]), formerly Huldrich or Huldrych, is a Germanic name, derived from Old High German Uodalrich (uodal- meaning "heritage" and -rich meaning "powerful"). It is also common as a surname, which includes the following Germanic variants: Ullrich, Urich, Ulich, Ulerich/Ullerich, Ulricher/Ullricher, Ulrisch/Ullrisch, Ulrych/Ullrych, Ulman/Ullman, Ulmann/Ullmann, Uler/Uller, Uli, Ülke, Ützle, Utz, Utzmann, Olrich/Ollrich, Oelrich and Ahlrich.

The surname "Ulrich", and its variants, spread across Europe during the middle ages. This was largely in devotion to Saint Ulrich, Bishop of Augsburg (c. 890 – 4 July 973) who twice defended Augsburg from hostile attacks by pagan Magyars. Saint Ulrich was known for his courage, high moral standard, and loyalty to Emperor Otto I ("Otto the Great"). As a result, it is not uncommon to find variants of the surname "Ulrich" (as identified below) in non-German speaking lands, including England, Italy, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, and the Scandinavian countries.

Other language variants of the surname "Ulrich" include the following: Ulric/Ullric (English), Ulrick (English), Alaric/Allaric (English), Alarich (English), Alarick (English), Aleric (English), Alerick (English), Alrick (English), Wolrich/Wollrich (English), Woolrich (English), Woolrych (English), Yulrich (English), Ulric (English and French), Ueli (Scandinavian), Ulrik/Ullrik (Scandinavian), Ulrike/Ulrikke (Scandinavian), Ulrica/Ulrika (Scandinavian), Alarik (Scandinavian), Alrik (Scandinavian), Ulloriaq (Greenlandic, Scandinavian), Ulderico/Ullderico (Italian), Ulrico/Ullrico (Italian), Huldericus (Latin), Oldřich/Oldrich (Czech, Slovak), Volek/Vollek (Slovak, Czech), Ulryk/Ullryk (Polish), Ulryc (Polish), Ryczek (Polish), Ódor (Hungarian), Uldis/Ulldis (Latvian), and Odalric (Catalan).

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