USA Ultimate

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USA Ultimate
Sport Ultimate
Founded 1979
CEO Tom Crawford
Country  United States
Official website http://www.usaultimate.org

USA Ultimate is a not-for-profit organization that serves as the governing body of the sport of Ultimate (also known as ultimate frisbee) in the United States.

It was founded in 1979 as the Ultimate Players Association, but rebranded itself as USA Ultimate on May 25, 2010. The United States Olympic Committee, empowered to govern amateur sport in the USA per the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act of 1978, officially recognized USA Ultimate as a Recognized Sport Organization on June 10, 2014.

Overview[edit]

Its mission is "to advance the sport of Ultimate in the United States by enhancing and promoting Character, Community, and Competition." [1] Its vision is that "Ultimate is widely known, played, and respected in the United States as a sport that inspires athletic excellence and integrity among participants and fans."

In addition to organizing and supporting national teams to represent the nation in international and world championship competitions, a major focus of USA Ultimate is the Championship Series; it sanctions certain tournaments throughout the year in five divisions (Club, College, Youth, Masters, Beach) and runs the local, regional and/or national championship tournaments at the end of the respective seasons. These events are governed by the 11th Edition Rules. While the national champion is crowned in various divisions of the USA Ultimate Championships, four Canadian teams have won championships over the years in different divisions- Vancouver's Furious George (Club Open), University of British Columbia (College Women's), Stick Dog (Masters Women's), and Winnipeg's MOFO (Youth Club Mixed).

In 2008, the 40th Anniversary of the birth of Ultimate, USA Ultimate adopted a Five Year Strategic Plan with input from Ultimate players throughout the United States, in hopes of facilitating the growth and evolution of the sport for the next forty years.[2]

Club Competition[edit]

The Club division is currently the only competition division that is not restricted by age (like Youth and Masters) nor school enrollment (like High School and College), but is rather subdivided only by gender into Men's (open to any gender and previously called "Open"), Women's, and Mixed (with prescribed gender ratios) gender divisions, which have their regular seasons in the summer and their post-season championship series in the fall. The first national championship took place in 1979 in State College, Pennsylvania. The Women's division was added in 1981. The age-based Masters Open (now Men's) and Women's divisions were added to the Club division in 1991; the Masters Women's division was discontinued in 1997, and the Masters Men's division joined Grandmasters in a separate summer Masters Division in 2012. The Mixed Division was added in 1998. Club national championship tournaments were held in Sarasota, FL from 2000 through 2012, and in 2013 USA Ultimate began moving around the location, starting with Frisco, TX for 3 years and then Rockford, IL in 2016. The event returns to Sarasota, FL in 2017, followed by San Diego, CA in 2018 and 2019.

The Triple Crown Tour was established in 2013.[3] The three achievements are: winning the US Open tournament, winning the Pro Flight Finale and winning the national championship. Previously, finishing the regular season with a #1 season ranking replaced the Pro Flight Finale component. San Francisco's Revolver in the men's division won all three achievements in 2013, the only team in any division to do so.

College Competition[edit]

The College division is subdivided into Women's and Men's (open to any gender and previously called "Open" despite the vast majority of participants identifying as men) gender divisions, which have their regular season in the winter and spring. Over 300 Open teams and 200 Women's teams took part in the College Championship Series in 2005. The College Open division was first held in 1984 in Somerville, MA and was won by Stanford University. The College Women's Division was added in 1987.

Youth Competition[edit]

Originally, the National Youth championship was loosely a high school-based competition, with guidelines determining how many players must be from one high school. In the early 21st century, USA Ultimate moved more towards a complete high school nationals, which launched in 1998 in Maplewood, NJ.

In 2005, two significant changes were made: High School Nationals was split into Easterns and Westerns, split by the Mississippi river, held in May each year, and a Youth Club Championships was created, for club teams assembled from various cities/regions across North America, held in August each year at the National Sports Center. Over 24 states currently hold high school ultimate state championship tournaments that are operated by local USA Ultimate Competition State Youth Coordinator volunteer staff.[4]

Masters Competition[edit]

The Masters division currently consists of Masters Men, Masters Women and Grandmasters Men's divisions. Regional championships are played in the early to mid summer with the national championship occurring in the mid to late summer. In 2017, USA Ultimate will be adding Masters Mixed, Grandmasters Women, and Great Grandmasters Men's divisions.

Beach Competition[edit]

The Beach division, played on a smaller sand-covered surface with fewer players per side than the grass format, was officially added by USA Ultimate in May 2015 with the introduction of a national championship tournament in Virginia Beach, VA. The event returned in 2016, and the division added the US Beach Open event in Santa Monica, CA, in November 2016. In 2017, the division will return both of those events as well as a third new Beach Western Championship event in April in Santa Monica, CA. Four geographic regions have been established for the East Coast, Great Lakes, Gulf Coast, and West, each with an assigned resident Regional Director volunteer staff position. However, regional championships have not yet been presented as viable, until the division grows further in size and popularity. Outreach efforts were established to promote the sand format and point out to organizers that existing sand volleyball courts can be used for modified formats in places that are not coastal or accessible to large public areas of natural flat sand, such as coasts and beaches.

Other programs[edit]

Aside from the championship series, several community development programs exist to advance the sport at local and grassroots levels. Event Sanctioning provides insurance, marketing, exposure, connections to rankings for some competition divisions and discounts on materials for tournaments, leagues and training events (like practices, scrimmages, camps, clinics, etc). The Affiliate program connects the national office to existing organizations that are dedicated to advancing the sport in a specific metro area. The State-Based Organization initiative funds and supports the establishment of new state-focused governing bodies to assume the role of the national office with a dedicated focus on a single state or perhaps a few contiguous states, where geography and population dynamics warrant the combination. New Start Program Grants are given out quarterly to local ultimate organizers who apply for materials to start brand new ultimate programs.

USA Ultimate is run by a thirteen-person Board of Directors, seven of which are elected by the membership, including three by the elite athlete player segment, five of which are appointed by existing board members, including three which must be independent in connections to the organization, and an ex-officio position for the Chief Executive Officer who is hired by the board and is also head of the staff. Officers are elected by board members on an annual basis. Each appointed and elected director's term is three years, rotated such that four seats come up for election each calendar year. The Board is responsible for overseeing the Chief Executive Officer, budgeting, strategic planning, setting organizational policies and serving on various working groups that include Equity & Diversity, Audit & Ethics, Nominating, Investment, Marketing, Strategic Planning, et al.

Nearly 55,000 people joined as members of USA Ultimate in 2016, the largest membership year so far. Memberships for a single calendar year cost $56.50 per calendar year for adults and college students, $39.50 per year for coaches ($69.50 for a combined coach/player), $34.50 per year for Youth players under 19 years old who have not yet graduated from high school, $27.50 for Friends & Family members and $16.50 for local Affiliate-only recreational participants. Multiyear discounts are available for most levels. A lifetime membership is also available for $950. Membership covers voting in board elections; seeking election to the board of directors; participation at sanctioned and championship events; accident and liability insurance in those events; attendance at USA Ultimate education clinics; certification options at various levels of coaching, tournament directing and officiating (called "observing"); discounts with several partner sponsors; scholarship opportunities; access to the USA Ultimate mobile app to follow events, access the rules, event guides for national championships, and report scores for sanctioned events; access to the quarterly USA Ultimate magazine, monthly electronic newsletters, and weekly email updates; and discounted USA Ultimate merchandise.[5]

USA Ultimate is a member of the World Flying Disc Federation, the international governing body for flying disc sports. WFDF is a member of the General Association for International Sport Federations (GAISF), The International World Games Association (IWGA), and the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education (ICSSPE), as well as an officially recognized International Federation by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

Championship series history[edit]

Club and Masters Championships[edit]

Year Open Women Mixed Masters Open Masters Women Grandmasters Open
2017 Revolver Fury Mixtape N/A N/A N/A
2016 Ironside Brute Squad Slow White Surly Molly Grey Johnny Walker
2015 Revolver Brute Squad Drag'n Thrust Boneyard Baylands Kite Flying Team Johnny Walker
2014 Johnny Bravo Scandal Drag'n Thrust Tejas Loose Cannon Surly
2013 Revolver Scandal Drag'n Thrust Surly Godiva No Country
2012 Doublewide Fury Blackbird Surly N/A No Country
2011 Revolver Fury Blackbird Surly Stick Dog Scrapple
2010 Revolver Fury Polar Bears Surly Stick Dog Scrapple
2009 Chain Lightning Fury Axis of C'Ville Troubled Past Well Done Death or Glory
2008 Jam Fury Mental Toss Flycoons Surly N/A N/A
2007 Sockeye Fury Shazam Returns Death or Glory N/A N/A
2006 Sockeye Fury Mischief Throwback N/A N/A
2005 Furious George Riot Brass Monkey Old and in the Way N/A N/A
2004 Sockeye Riot Shazam Kavu N/A N/A
2003 Furious George Fury Donner Party Refugees N/A N/A
2002 Furious George Lady Godiva Donner Party Old Sag N/A N/A
2001 Condors Lady Godiva Trigger Hippy Keg Workers N/A N/A
2000 Condors Lady Godiva Spear Keg Workers N/A N/A
1999 Death or Glory Fury Raleigh Llama Old and In The Way N/A N/A
1998 Death or Glory Lady Godiva Redfish Bluefish Cigar N/A N/A
1997 Death or Glory Lady Godiva N/A YESSSS! S-Prime N/A
1996 Death or Glory Lady Godiva N/A Windy City Great Dames N/A
1995 Death or Glory Lady Godiva N/A Squash What? N/A
1994 Death or Glory Felix N/A US Tampico Pickled Peppers N/A
1993 New York Maine-iacs N/A Beyondors Texas Woo Dolls N/A
1992 New York Maine-iacs N/A Rude Boys Over the Swill N/A
1991 New York Lady Godiva N/A Red Menace Hot Flashes N/A
1990 New York Maine-iacs N/A N/A N/A N/A
1989 New York Crush Club N/A N/A N/A N/A
1988 Tsunami Lady Godiva N/A N/A N/A N/A
1987 New York Condors N/A N/A N/A N/A
1986 Windy City Condors N/A N/A N/A N/A
1985 Flying Circus Condors N/A N/A N/A N/A
1984 Tunas Condors N/A N/A N/A N/A
1983 Windy City Fisheads N/A N/A N/A N/A
1982 Rude Boys Zulu N/A N/A N/A N/A
1981 Condors B.L.U. N/A N/A N/A N/A
1980 Glassboro N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
1979 Glassboro N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

College Championships[edit]

Year Division I Open Division I Women's Division III Open Division III Women's
2017 Carleton College - CUT Dartmouth College University of Richmond Carleton College - Eclipse
2016 University of Minnesota Stanford University Georgia College Carleton College - Eclipse
2015 University of North Carolina University of Oregon Franciscan University Rice University
2014 University of Colorado Ohio State University Bentley University Rice University
2013 University of Pittsburgh University of Oregon Middlebury College Bowdoin College
2012 University of Pittsburgh University of Washington Carleton College - Gods of Plastic Claremont Colleges
2011 Carleton College - CUT University of California-Santa Barbara Claremont Colleges Carleton College - Eclipse
2010 University of Florida University of Oregon Carleton College - Gods of Plastic Pacific Lutheran University
2009 Carleton College - CUT University of California-Santa Barbara N/A N/A
2008 University of Wisconsin–Madison University of British Columbia N/A N/A
2007 University of Wisconsin–Madison Stanford University N/A N/A
2006 University of Florida Stanford University N/A N/A
2005 Brown University Stanford University N/A N/A
2004 University of Colorado UC Davis N/A N/A
2003 University of Wisconsin–Madison Stanford University N/A N/A
2002 Stanford University UC San Diego N/A N/A
2001 Carleton College - CUT University of Georgia N/A N/A
2000 Brown University Carleton College N/A N/A
1999 North Carolina State University Stanford University N/A N/A
1998 UC Santa Barbara Stanford University N/A N/A
1997 UC Santa Barbara Stanford University N/A N/A
1996 UC Santa Barbara UNC Wilmington N/A N/A
1995 East Carolina University UC Santa Cruz N/A N/A
1994 East Carolina University UC Santa Cruz N/A N/A
1993 UNC Wilmington UC Berkeley N/A N/A
1992 University of Oregon UNC Wilmington N/A N/A
1991 UC Santa Cruz UC Santa Barbara N/A N/A
1990 UC Santa Barbara UC Santa Barbara N/A N/A
1989 UC Santa Barbara UC Davis N/A N/A
1988 UC Santa Barbara UC Santa Barbara N/A N/A
1987 Chabot College University of Kansas N/A N/A
1986 University of Massachusetts Amherst N/A N/A N/A
1985 University of Pennsylvania N/A N/A N/A
1984 Stanford University N/A N/A N/A

Youth Club Championships[edit]

Year U-19 Boys U-19 Girls U-19 Mixed U-16 Boys U-16 Girls
2017 TYUL Triforce (Raleigh) TYUL Warhawks (Raleigh) Bay Area Disc Happy Cows (Bay Area) DiscNW Oblivion (Seattle) DiscNW Eclipse (Seattle)
2016 TYUL Triforce (Raleigh) DiscNW Nimbus (Seattle) WAFC Swing Vote (Washington, DC) DiscNW Bonzai (Seattle) DiscNW Hydra (Seattle)
2015 BUDA Open (Boston) DiscNW Seattlesaurus (Seattle) WAFC Swing Vote (Washington, DC) DiscNW Olympus (Seattle) DiscNW Echo (Seattle)
2014 TYUL Triforce (Raleigh) DiscNW Cyclone (Seattle) Oregon Flood (Corvallis) DiscNW Doomsday (Seattle) N/A
2013 ATLiens (Atlanta) DiscNW Rampage (Seattle) BUDA YCC Mixed (Boston) Seattle Dynasty (Seattle) N/A
2012 Minnesota Superior (Minneapolis) DiscNW Rapture (Seattle) BUDA YCC Mixed (Boston) Seattle Rebellion (Seattle) N/A
2011 DiscNW Monstars (Seattle) DiscNW Tune Squad (Seattle) Bay Area Disc Happy Cows (Bay Area) TYUL One Huck Wonders (Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill) N/A
2010 DeVYL (Delaware Valley) DiscNW (Seattle) Bay Area Disc (Bay Area) N/A N/A
2009 DiscNW "L-Pod" (Seattle) DiscNW (Seattle) Skyline (Minnesota) N/A N/A
2008 DiscNW "Overcast" (Seattle) DiscNW (Seattle) Eugene N/A N/A
2007 DiscNW "Juggernaut" (Seattle) DiscNW "Blackout" (Seattle) I-20 (Atlanta) N/A N/A
2006 SEPDA (Philadelphia) DiscNW "Blackout" (Seattle) MOFO (Winnipeg) N/A N/A
2005 DiscNW (Seattle) DiscNW (Seattle) Nashville N/A N/A

High school regional championships[edit]

Year (North)Eastern Western Central Southern
Open Girls Open Girls Open Girls Open Girls
2016 Amherst Regional High School Amherst Regional High School Roosevelt High School[disambiguation needed] Nathan Hale High School Neuqua Valley High School Holy Family Catholic High School Carolina Friends School HB Woodlawn High School
2015 Pennsbury High School Amherst Regional High School Roosevelt High School[disambiguation needed] Lakeside School Hopkins High School Neuqua Valley High School Carolina Friends School Paideia High School
2014 Masconomet Regional High School Amherst Regional High School Northwest School Northwest School Hopkins High School Holy Family Catholic High School Carolina Friends School North Carolina Saga
2013 Lexington High School Amherst Regional High School South Eugene High School Monarch High School Holy Family Catholic High School Holy Family Catholic High School University School of Nashville North Carolina Saga
2012 Amherst Regional High School Amherst Regional High School East High School No Championship Held Hopkins High School Holy Family Catholic High School University School of Nashville YHB Girls
2011 Amherst Regional High School Amherst Regional High School Northwest School Northwest School N/A N/A N/A N/A
2010 Amherst Regional High School Amherst Regional High School South Eugene High School Northwest School N/A N/A N/A N/A
2009 Pennsbury High School Paideia School Hopkins High School Nathan Hale N/A N/A N/A N/A
2008 Columbia High School Paideia School Lakeside School Northwest School N/A N/A N/A N/A
2007 Pennsbury High School Amherst Regional High School Northwest School Churchill High School N/A N/A N/A N/A
2006 Amherst HS Hurricanes Amherst Regional High School Northwest School Nathan Hale N/A N/A N/A N/A
2005 Amherst HS Hurricanes Amherst Regional High School Northwest School Nathan Hale N/A N/A N/A N/A

Youth championships[edit]

Year Open Girls
2004 Amherst HS Hurricanes Yale Secondary Ultimate
2003 Amherst HS Hurricanes Amherst HS Varsity
2002 Paideia HS Gruel Amherst HS Varsity
2001 Paideia HS Gruel Amherst HS Varsity
2000 Seattle MoHo Amherst HS Varsity
1999 University School of Nashville Brutal Grassburn Amherst HS Varsity
1998 Amherst HS Stuyvesant HS

The Callahan Award[edit]

The Callahan Award is an annual award given by The Callahan Award committee, with assistance from USA Ultimate, to the best male and female college ultimate players. In addition to honoring extraordinary physical talent and skills, the Callahan Award also honors sportsmanship and leadership. Each Open and Women's team can nominate a single player for the award. Beginning in 2000, players could also be nominated for the Callahan by USA Ultimate college regional coordinators.

The winners are selected through online balloting by other college ultimate players. The award is named after Henry Callahan, one of the early pioneers and ambassadors of ultimate. The Callahan Award was initially created by Charles Kerr and was first awarded in 1996.

Past Callahan winners[edit]

Year Open Women
2017 John Stubbs (Harvard University) Angela Zhu (Dartmouth College)
2016 Trent Dillon (University of Pittsburgh) Marisa Rafter (University of California-Berkeley)
2015 Jonathan Nethercutt (University of North Carolina) Alika Johnston (University of Virginia)
2014 Jimmy Mickle (University of Colorado) Cassie Swafford (Ohio State University)
2013 Dylan Freechild (University of Oregon) Claire Chastain (University of North Carolina-Wilmington)
2012 Nick Lance (Georgia Institute of Technology) Paula Seville (University of Michigan)
2011 George Stubbs (Harvard University) Leila Tunnell (University of North Carolina)
2010 Eli Friedman (University of Oregon) Shannon O'Malley (University of Washington)
2009 Will Neff (University of Michigan) Georgia Bosscher (University of Wisconsin–Madison)
2008 Joe Kershner (University of Arizona) Courtney Kiesow (University of Wisconsin–Madison)
2007 Dan Heijmen (University of Wisconsin–Madison) Anna 'Maddog' Nazarov (UCLA)
2006 Tim Gehret (University of Florida) Alex Snyder (University of Colorado)
2005 Joshua "Zip" Ziperstein (Brown University) Cara Crouch (University of Texas)
2004 Joshua "Richter" Ackley (University of Colorado) Miranda Roth (Carleton College)
2003 Ben Wiggins (University of Oregon) Chelsea Dengler (University of Oregon)
2002 Michael Zalisk (Tufts University) Pauline Lauterbach (Brown University)
2001 Alex Nord (Carleton College) Lindsay Goldsmith (Swarthmore College)
2000 Justin Safdie (Brown University) Johanna Neumann (Tufts University)
1999 Fortunat Mueller (Brown University) Jody Dozono (University of Oregon)
1998 Brian Harriford (Louisiana State University) "AJ" Johnson (Stanford University)
1997 Jim Schoettler (Stanford University) Dominique Fontenette (Stanford University)
1996 Keith Monohan (Oregon State University) Val Kelly (University of Pennsylvania)

Ultimate Hall of Fame[edit]

Source: [6]

Men[edit]

Class of Inductee Category
2004 Irv Kalb Inaugural Class
Tom "TK" Kennedy
Dan "Stork" Roddick
Larry Schindel
2005 Jon "JC" Cohn Player
Jim Herrick
Sholom "Eric" Simon Contributor
2006 Tom "Timba" D'Urso Player
Steve Mooney
Robert "Nob" Rauch Contributor
2007 Harvey Edwards Player
Dan Weiss
Brian Murphy Contributor
2008 Frank Bono Player
John Schmechel
Carney Foy Contributor
2009 Robert, Evans Player
Pat King
Andy Borinstein Contributor
2010 David Barkan Player
Michael Glass
Jeremy Seeger
2011 Kenneth Dobyns Player
Tom Heimann
Cliff Marhoefer
Mike O'Dowd
2012 Keay Nakae Player
Dennis Warsen
2013 Joey Giampino Player
Jim Ingebritsen
Christopher Van Holmes
2014 Jim Parinella Player
2015 Rich "Gags" Gallagher Player
Skip Kuhn
Billy Rodriguez
Bob "Bert" Sick
2016 Stu Downs Player
Paul Greff
Pat "Bagger" Lee
Andrew Lugsdin
Randy Ricks

Women[edit]

Class of Inductee Category
2004 Suzanne Fields Inaugural Class
2005 Kelly Green Player
Kathy Pufahl Contributor
2006 Ann (Cohan) Orders Player
Heather Morris Raker
2007 Christine Dunlap Player
2008 Gloria Lust-Phillips Player
2010 Peggy Hollinger Player
2011 Wende (Coates) Pinz Player
2012 Nancy Glass Player
Molly Goodwin
2013 Christine O'Cleary Player
2014 Liz Marino Player
2015 Lori Van Holmes Player
2016 Nicole "Sprout" Beck Player
Tiina Booth Contributor
Cindy Fisher Contributor
Jackie Watson Pierce Player
Cat Pittack
Christine "Wags" Wagner
Amy Wilbur

Special Merit[edit]

Class of Inductee Notes
2004 The "80 Mold" Disc Wham-O’s 165 gram World Class flying disc introduced in January 1977 and marked a new era of competitive play
2005 The "Founders" Joel Silver, Bernard "Buzzy" Hellring, Jonathan "Jonny" Hines
2011 The "Discraft Ultra-Star" Disc With Jim Kenner
2014 The "Johnny Appleseeds" Critical core of 29 individuals who were responsible for Ultimate’s germination during the critical years up through 1974

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Our Mission". www.usaultimate.org. Retrieved 2016-05-14. 
  2. ^ "Strategic Planning". www.usaultimate.org. Retrieved 2016-05-14. 
  3. ^ "Club Division". www.usaultimate.org. Retrieved 2016-05-14. 
  4. ^ http://www.usaultimate.org/index.html
  5. ^ "USAU Membership". www.usaultimate.org. Retrieved 2016-05-14. 
  6. ^ "Hall of Fame". USA Ultimate. Retrieved July 4, 2016. 

External links[edit]