Ultra HD Blu-ray
|Media type||High-density optical disc|
|Encoding||H.265/MPEG-H Part 2 (HEVC)|
|Capacity||50 GB (dual-layer, 92 Mb/s)|
66 GB (dual-layer, 123, 144 Mb/s)
100 GB (triple-layer, 123, 144 Mb/s)
|Block size||2 KB sector, 64 KB block size|
|Read mechanism||405 nm laser|
|Developed by||Blu-ray Disc Association|
|Dimensions||120 mm (4.7 in) diameter|
|Extended from||Standard Blu-ray|
|Released||February 14, 2016|
Ultra HD Blu-ray (marketed as 4K Ultra HD) (UHD-BD), also referred as 4K Blu-ray, is a digital optical disc data storage format that is an enhanced variant of Blu-ray. Ultra HD Blu-ray discs are incompatible with existing standard Blu-ray players (though in most cases, a traditional Blu-ray and digital copy have been packaged with the Ultra HD Blu-ray discs). Ultra HD Blu-ray supports 4K UHD (3840 × 2160 pixel resolution) video at frame rates up to 60 progressive frames per second, encoded using High-Efficiency Video Coding. The discs support both high dynamic range by increasing the color depth to 10-bit per color and a greater color gamut than supported by conventional Blu-ray video by using the Rec. 2020 color space. 4K Blu-rays are supported on Microsoft's Xbox One X, One S, and PlayStation 5, while retail game releases on the Xbox Series X and PlayStation 5 video game consoles may be natively printed onto 100 GB UHD Blu-ray discs.
To differentiate Ultra HD Blu-ray titles on store shelves, the format usually uses a black opaque or slightly transparent keep case packaging format (as opposed to blue).
The specification allows for three disc capacities, each with its own data rate: 50 GB at 72 or 92 Mbit/s, and 66 GB and 100 GB at 92 Mbit/s, 123 or 144 Mbit/s. On 66 GB and 100 GB discs, the pits and lands are not narrower than those of a standard Blu-ray Disc, but shorter, which increases the capacity of each layer from 25 GB to 33 1/3 GB. This also means that each revolution of such a disc transfers more data than a revolution of a standard Blu-ray Disc, which means the transfer rate is higher despite the same linear velocity. In addition, the disc can be encoded to have the drive spin back up to the full 5,000 rpm starting from a point slightly away from the innermost part of the disc if an even higher transfer rate is needed. 50 and 66 GB use two layers, and 100 GB uses three layers. Ultra HD Blu-ray technology was licensed in mid-2015, and players had an expected release date of Christmas 2015. Ultra HD Blu-ray uses a new revision of AACS DRM: AACS 2. In addition, AACS 2.1 is used on certain titles (Stand by Me, Fury, The Patriot, Zombieland).
On May 12, 2015, the Blu-ray Disc Association revealed completed specifications and the official Ultra HD Blu-ray logo. Unlike conventional DVDs and Blu-rays, the new 4K format does not have region coding.
As of January 23, 2018, the BDA spec v3.2 also includes optional support for HDR10+ and Philips/Technicolor's SL-HDR2, also known as Advanced HDR by Technicolor. However, no Ultra HD Blu-ray player has ever supported SL-HDR2, and no discs encoded in SL-HDR2 were ever released.
Initial releases by movie studios and distributors
The first Ultra HD Blu-ray Discs were officially released in the United States on February 14, 2016:
- Sony Pictures Home Entertainment released six titles, The Amazing Spider-Man 2, Salt, Hancock, Chappie, Pineapple Express, and The Smurfs 2.
- Lionsgate Home Entertainment released four titles, Sicario, The Last Witch Hunter, The Expendables 3, and Ender's Game.
- Warner Bros. Home Entertainment released four titles, Mad Max: Fury Road, The Lego Movie, Pan, and San Andreas.
- 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment released seven titles, The Martian, Kingsman: The Secret Service, Exodus: Gods and Kings, Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials, Wild, Hitman: Agent 47, and the 2015 Fantastic Four reboot.
- Paramount Home Entertainment released two titles, Star Trek (2009) and its sequel Into Darkness on June 14, 2016.
- Universal Pictures Home Entertainment released three titles, Lucy, Oblivion, and Lone Survivor on August 9, 2016.
- Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released their first title, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 on August 22, 2017.
- Kino Lorber released their first title, Hannibal on May 7, 2019.
- Synapse Films released their first title, Suspiria on November 19, 2019.
- Vinegar Syndrome released their first title, Tammy and the T-Rex on January 28, 2020.
- Shout! Factory released their first title, The Deer Hunter on May 26, 2020.
- However, they did release many IMAX documentaries from 2016 to 2020.
- Blue Underground released their first two titles, Maniac and Zombie on May 26, 2020.
- Arrow Video released their first title, Flash Gordon on August 18, 2020.
- Severin Films released their first two titles, The Day of the Beast and Perdita Durango on March 30, 2021.
- The Criterion Collection will release their first UHD title, Mulholland Drive, on November 16, 2021. Three other titles, Citizen Kane, Menace II Society, and Uncut Gems, will appear the following week.
Other titles released by non-American companies
- Warner Music Group on May 22, 2017, released Sammi Cheng's Touch Mi 2 World Tour, which was officially the world's first live concert released in UHD Blu-ray format in the UK. The concert was the first live show production recorded in 4K format, and the field production and pre-production work was begun in November 2016.
- In the UK, StudioCanal released their first title Terminator 2: Judgment Day on December 4, 2017.
- In the UK, BFI Video released their very first title, The Seventh Seal on October 18, 2021.
Sales and reception
Sales of UHD Blu-ray players have been modest compared to older-generation video disc players, based on official US sales data from the Consumer Technology Association (CTA). Peak sales occurred in 2017 with 884,000 units sold, and sales have declined in the years since, as have all disc player sales. Meanwhile, previous generations of disc players sold in excess of four times as many units per year as did UHD Blu-ray.
- "White Paper: Blu-ray Disc™ Format" (PDF). Blu-RayDisc.com (4th ed.). 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
- Morrison, Geoffrey. "What is 4K Blu-ray?". CNET. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
- "4K Movies, 4K Blu-ray Movies, 4K Blu-ray Players". www.blu-ray.com. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
- "4K Blu-ray discs arriving in 2015 to fight streaming media". CNET. September 5, 2014. Archived from the original on October 13, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Warren, Tom (June 11, 2017). "Xbox One X is Microsoft's next game console, arriving on November 7th for $499". The Verge. Vox Media. Archived from the original on June 12, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Webster, Andrew (June 13, 2016). "Microsoft announces the Xbox One S, its smallest Xbox yet". The Verge. Vox Media. Archived from the original on August 1, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Lyons Jr, Ron (January 28, 2021). "Yes, the PS5 has 4k — here's what you'll need to play games and stream movies in the highest resolution possible". Business Insider. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
- Rubin, Peter (October 8, 2019). "Exclusive: A Deeper Look at the PlayStation 5". Wired. Archived from the original on October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Hood, Vic (January 9, 2020). "PS5 release date, specs, news and rumors for Sony's PlayStation 5". TechRadar. Future Publishing. Archived from the original on December 14, 2019. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
- "PlayStation 5 v Xbox Series X: how will the rival consoles compare?". the Guardian. 2020-06-19. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
- "Blu-ray Disc Association Completes Ultra HD Blu-ray™ Specification and Releases New Logo - Business Wire". BusinessWire.com. May 12, 2015. Archived from the original on October 31, 2015. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
- Palmer, Michael S. (2015-10-07). "Everything We Know About Ultra HD Blu-ray". High-Def Digest. Archived from the original on 2016-11-18. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- Denison, Caleb (2016-01-28). "Ultra HD Blu-ray arrives February 2016; here's everything we know". Digital Trends. Archived from the original on 2016-07-27. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- Palmer, Michael S. (2016-02-10). "Hands On First Look: Samsung UBD-K8500 Ultra HD Blu-ray Player". High-Def Digest. Archived from the original on 2016-07-24. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- "Blu-ray Disc Association – Update – 1/12/2018". From Vinyl to Plastic. 2018-01-12. Archived from the original on 2018-01-13. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
- "Upcoming Fox 4K Blu-ray Titles". Blu-ray.com. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- Arnold, Thomas K. (2016-01-06). "Dolby Collaborates on 4K Ultra HD Movies from Sony, MGM, Uni". Variety. Archived from the original on 2017-02-16. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- Cohen, Steven (2016-01-13). "Lionsgate Reveals Ultra HD Blu-ray Launch Titles, Release Date Set for March 1". High-Def Digest. Archived from the original on 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- "WARNER BROS. HOME ENTERTAINMENT'S FIRST ULTRA HD BLU-RAY™ TITLES TO BE RELEASED MARCH 1". Prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- "4k Ultra HD Blu-ray Titles from Fox Show Up on Amazon". Hd-report.com. Archived from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- "Paramount Announces First 4K Blu-ray Titles". Archived from the original on 2017-09-01. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
- "Universal Releases 3 Feature Films To 4k Ultra HD Blu-ray". Archived from the original on 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2018-05-16.
- Landy, Tom (July 4, 2017). "James Gunn's 'Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2' Blu-ray and 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray Coming in August". High-Def Digest. Archived from the original on July 4, 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
- Katzmeier, David (June 9, 2017). "'Guardians of the Galaxy 2' could be Disney's first 4K Blu-ray". CNET. Archived from the original on July 4, 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
- "Citizen Kane to Lead Criterion's First 4K Slate". Retrieved 2021-08-11.
- "Sammi Cheng Touch Mi 2 world tour 4K Blu-ray". bluray.com. Archived from the original on 2017-06-18. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
- "The Seventh Seal announced as our first UHD Blu-ray release". Retrieved 2021-08-06.
- "Sales of UHD Blu-ray players in decline". FlatpanelsHD. 20 Feb 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-01.