Ultra high-net-worth individual

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Ultra high-net-worth individuals (UHNWI) are defined as having a net worth of at least US$30 million in constant 2012 dollars (after accounting for shares in public and private companies, residential and passion investments such as art, planes and real estate).[1][2]

Definitions and ranking[edit]

Ultra High Net Worth Individuals are defined as having a net worth of at least US$30 million (after accounting for shares in public and private companies, residential and passion investments such as art, planes and real estate). At last count, there were 211,275 UHNW individuals in the world, with a total combined net worth of US$29.7 trillion.[3][4] Billionaires are a special category of UHNW individuals, having net worth in excess of US$1 billion. At last count there were 2,325 billionaires in the world, with a combined net worth of US$7.3 trillion.[5] These individuals represent just over 1% of the world's UHNW population and 24% of the world's UHNW total wealth.

World Ultra Wealth Report[edit]

The World Ultra Wealth Report 2013 was co-published by Wealth-X and UBS. Two previous World Ultra Wealth Reports have been published independently by Wealth-X, in 2011 and 2012 respectively.

UHNW distribution by wealth tier[6]

World UHNW 2013 2013 2012 2012 2012–2013 2012–2013
Net worth UHNW population Total wealth US$ billion UHNW population Total wealth US$ billion Population change % Total wealth change %
$1 billion + 2,170 6,516 2,160 6,190 0.5% 5.3%
$750 million to $999 million 1,080 929 990 855 9.1% 8.7%
$500 million to $749 million 2,660 1,695 2,475 1,560 7.5% 8.7%
$250 million to $499 million 8,695 3,420 8,090 3,225 7.5% 6.0%
$200 million to $249 million 14,185 3,205 13,500 3,035 5.1% 5.6%
$100 million to $199 million 23,835 3,780 22,290 3,335 6.9% 13.3%
$50 million to $99 million 60,760 4,720 56,205 4,295 8.1% 9.9%
$30 million to $49 million 85,850 3,505 81,670 3,280 5.1% 6.9%
Total 199,235 27,770 187,380 25,775 6.3% 7.7%

Boston Consulting Group Global Wealth Report[edit]

The Global Wealth Report,[7] which Boston Consulting Group (BCG) published in June 2014 in Washington, D.C., shows that liquid wealth of the super-rich, the Ultra-High-Net-Worth Households, has increased by 20% in 2013. BCG uses a household definition of UHNW which places only those with more than $100 million liquid financial wealth into the UHNW-category, more than the usual $30 million, with which the ultra-category had been created in 2007. According to BCG about 15,000 households globally belong in this group of the super-rich. They control 5.5% of global financial wealth. 5000 of them live in the US, followed by China, Britain and Germany. BCG expects the trend toward more concentrated wealth to continue unabated. While financial wealth of the sub-millionaires is expected to increase by 3.7% annually until 2019, the expected growth rate for the super-rich is 9.1%. The share of this group in global financial wealth would thus increase % to 6.5% by 2019.[8]

UHNW characteristics[edit]

65% of the world's UHNW population is self-made, as opposed to 19% who have inherited their fortune and 16% who have inherited and grown their wealth. These proportions change dramatically by gender. Only 12% of the world's UHNW population is female, and of these, only 33% are self-made, as opposed to 70% of male UHNW.[9] Twenty-two percent of self-made UHNW individuals have derived their wealth from the finance, banking and investment. Almost 15% of individuals with inherited wealth are engaged in non-profit and social organisations.[10]

Asia's growth is expected to continue,[11] and this change in demographics has significant impact on the various organizations that specifically target UHNW individuals, such as luxury companies, financial institutions, charities and universities.

Largest UHNWI Population, 2016[12]
Country UHNWI Population
United States 70,430
China 10,989
Germany 6,056
United Kingdom 4,693

Billionaire Census[edit]

The Billionaire Census 2013 was co-published by Wealth-X and UBS.

The average net worth of the world's billionaire is US$3 billion, with a liquidity on average of 18% of net worth.[13] 60% of the world's billionaires are self-made, 20% have inherited their fortune and 20% have both inherited and grown their wealth. 18% of the world's billionaires have derived their wealth from finance, banking and investment; as opposed to 9% from industrial conglomerates and 7% from the real estate industry.[14] The average billionaire is 62 years old, and 87% of the world's billionaires are male. These individuals are highly educated: 68% of them have a bachelor's degree or higher levels of education.[15]

UHNWI Role in Economies : Civic Stewards and Consumers[edit]

UHNW individuals are of crucial importance not only to the finance, banking and investment industry, but also to luxury companies who target UHNW individuals, charities, universities and schools amongst others. UHNW individuals are notable players in the field of philanthropy, many of them have their own private foundations and support a variety of causes, from education to poverty relief.

Financial institutions are known for their targeting of UHNW individuals, having specific parts of their bank designed to manage the wealth of their UHNW clients.[16] In addition, research on the UHNW is particularly important with upcoming intergenerational wealth transfers in the UHNW population.[17] For example, luxury companies typically target UHNW as a separate segment of their clientele. Projected growth in UHNW population in Asia may hold promise for the future of the luxury industry.[18] In fact, even despite wide report on the luxury industry's troubled year with China's luxury spenders, luxury industry experts continue to be optimistic for their long-term performance, especially from UHNW individuals.[19] In the real estate sector, UHNW individuals are particularly relevant, with the total UHNW population's real estate holdings accounting for over US$5 trillion, or 3% of the world's real estate holdings. This is a huge proportion considering this population is only 0.003% of the world's population.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. World Ultra Wealth Report 2013. 
  2. ^ Grzeskiewiecz, Grzegorz; Tomasz Kozlinski (15–17 June 2004). "High Net Worth Individuals - The Clients of Private Banking" (PDF). 8th International Conferenec of Doctoral Students. Brno University of Technology (Czech Republic). 
  3. ^ "World's Ultra Wealthy Population Reaches All-Time Record". WSJ Online. September 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. World Ultra Wealth Report 2014. p. 15. 
  5. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. Billionaire Census 2014. p. 14. 
  6. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. World Ultra Wealth Report 2013. p. 17. 
  7. ^ Global Wealth Report
  8. ^ BCG: Global Wealth 2014, Riding a Wave of Growth, The Boston Consulting Group, 9.6.2014
  9. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. World Ultra Wealth Report 2013. pp. 20–25. 
  10. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. World Ultra Wealth Report 2013. pp. 20–25. 
  11. ^ Fox, Jeff (2014-02-15). "Helping the rich to become $100 trillion industry". CNBC. 
  12. ^ https://www.statista.com/statistics/204095/distribution-of-ultra-high-net-worth-individuals-for-selected-countries/
  13. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. Billionaire Census 2013. p. 84. 
  14. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. Billionaire Census 2013. p. 84. 
  15. ^ Wealth-X and UBS. Billionaire Census 2013. p. 84. 
  16. ^ Grzeskiewiecz, Grzegorz; Tomasz Kozlinski (15–17 June 2004). "High Net Worth Individuals - The Clients of Private Banking" (PDF). 8th International Conferenec of Doctoral Students. Brno University of Technology (Czech Republic). 
  17. ^ Foster, Lauren. "Why Financial Advisers Need to Use Social Media". Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  18. ^ Kelesidou, Fani (5 March 2014). "Why High-End Luxury Brands Are Losing Their Luster". Daily Finance. 
  19. ^ PTI (5 March 2014). "Luxury industry optimistic about January-March quarter: Wealth-X survey". India Times: Economic Times. 
  20. ^ Savills and Wealth-X (2014). Around the World in Dollars and Cents (PDF). p. 2.