Ultrashort pulse laser
An ultrashort pulse laser is a laser that emits ultrashort pulses of light, generally of the order of femtoseconds to ten picoseconds. They are also known as ultrafast lasers—a misnomer, since the speed of light is constant in a given medium.
Common current ultrashort pulse laser technologies include Ti-sapphire lasers and dye lasers. High output peak power usually requires chirped pulse amplification of a seed pulse from a modelocked laser. Dealing with high optical powers also needs the nonlinear optical phenomena to be taken in account.
Use in Pathogen Inactivation
Tsen and colleagues developed a SEPHODIS (selective photonic disinfection) technology using an ultrashort pulse laser to kill viruses including HIV, influenza virus, and noroviruses. The technique appears to damage viral capsids while preserving other proteins and biological materials, although these claims have been disputed elsewhere. The ultrashort pulse laser treatment may have potential applications in the disinfection of medicines, in the production of inactivated vaccines, and in the possible future treatment of blood-borne viral infections from agents such as HIV and Ebola virus.
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- Wigle, Jeffrey C.; Holwitt, Eric A.; Estlack, Larry E.; Noojin, Gary D.; Saunders, Katharine E.; Yakovlev, Valdislav V.; Rockwell, Benjamin A. (2014). "No effect of femtosecond laser pulses on M13,E. coli, DNA, or protein". Journal of Biomedical Optics. 19 (1): 15008. Bibcode:2014JBO....19a5008W. doi:10.1117/1.JBO.19.1.015008. PMID 24474502.
- Ultrafast Lasers: An animated guide to the functioning of Ti:Sapphire lasers and amplifiers.
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