Uluru Statement from the Heart

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Denise Bowden, CEO of Yothu Yindi, signing the Uluru Statement from the Heart, in Central Australia.

The Uluru Statement from the Heart[1] was released 26 May 2017 by delegates to an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Referendum Convention, held near Uluru in Central Australia. The statement calls for a ‘First Nations Voice’ in the Australian Constitution and a ‘Makarrata Commission’ to supervise a process of ‘agreement-making’ and ‘truth-telling’ between government and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.[2] The statement references the 1967 referendum which brought about changes to the Constitution of Australia to include Indigenous Australians.

Referendum council[edit]

The 16-member Referendum Council was jointly appointed by the Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, and Leader of the Opposition, Bill Shorten, on 7 December 2015. The council was to advise the government on steps towards a referendum to recognise Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the Australian Constitution.[3][4] The council was made up of indigenous and non-indigenous community leaders and co-chaired by Patrick Dodson,[5] and Mark Leibler AC.[6] Patrick Dodson resigned from the council on the 2nd of March 2016 after being endorsed by the Australian Labor Party for a vacant Western Australian Senate seat.[5] Dodson was replaced by serving council member Pat Anderson AO.[7][8]

Over a 6 month period the council travelled to 12 different locations around Australia and met with over 1200 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander representatives. The meetings resulted in a consensus on constitutional recognition, the Uluru Statement from the Heart.[4]

Council member Megan Davis gave the first public reading of the statement at the conclusion of the 2017 First Nations National Constitutional Convention at Uluru.[4] The convention was adopted by the 250 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander delegates.[9][10]

Artwork[edit]

In keeping with the tradition of the Yirrkala bark petitions and the Barunga statement, the Uluru Statement was made in the form of a work of art. The statement is placed in the centre which is where the power resides. Surrounding the statement are signatures of over 250 delegates who attended the conference and reached consensus. 100 first nations are represented in the statement by signatories who included the name of their nation.[4]

The artwork tells the story of two Tjukurpa creation stories of the traditional owners of Uluru, the Aṉangu people. One tells how the Uluru landscape was shaped by a fight to the death at the Mutitjulu Rockhole between Kuniya, the woma python with eggs from the north east, at the top left, and Liru, the poisonous snake from the south west, at the bottom left. The other tells the story of the Mala people, represented by the Rufous hare-wallaby who, while holding a ceremony at the top of Uluru, became involved in a dispute with men who came from the west. The men left and created Kurpany, the devil dingo, represented by the dog prints.[4]

Objections[edit]

While not objecting to the content of the statement, Anangu elders Alison Hunt and Donald Fraser asked that the Reconciliation Council remove the word Uluru from the title, saying it was included without proper consultation. A representative of the Working Group said she was aware of the request and that the group is prepared to respect it, but that it is "not unusual" for statements to be named after the meeting place from where it was made.[11]

Support[edit]

In his 2019 induction speech to the Logies Hall of Fame, Journalist Kerry O'Brien voiced his support for the Uluru statement from the heart by calling on the Australian Parliament, during the current term, to "make a genuine effort to understand and support what is embodied in the Uluru Statement From the Heart". He added "the Uluru statement represents no threat to a single individual in any corner of this country, and certainly no threat to the integrity of Parliament. And if you're told that, don't you believe it. On the contrary, it will add much to the integrity of our nation."[12]

In May 2019, 22 leaders in the Australian finance sector called for all Australians to embrace the Uluru Statement from the heart. Investment banker and philanthropist, John Wylie wrote in the the Weekend Australian "We believe that accepting the call in the Uluru Statement for constitutional recognition will be a foundation stone of a modern Australia that’s a spiritually generous country truly at peace with itself and its history."[13]

Uluru Statement from the Heart[edit]

"We, gathered at the 2017 National Constitutional Convention, coming from all points of the southern sky, make this statement from the heart:
Our Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tribes were the first sovereign Nations of the Australian continent and its adjacent islands, and possessed it under our own laws and customs. This our ancestors did, according to the reckoning of our culture, from the Creation, according to the common law from ‘time immemorial’, and according to science more than 60,000 years ago.
This sovereignty is a spiritual notion: the ancestral tie between the land, or ‘mother nature’, and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples who were born therefrom, remain attached thereto, and must one day return thither to be united with our ancestors. This link is the basis of the ownership of the soil, or better, of sovereignty. It has never been ceded or extinguished, and co-exists with the sovereignty of the Crown.
How could it be otherwise? That peoples possessed a land for sixty millennia and this sacred link disappears from world history in merely the last two hundred years?
With substantive constitutional change and structural reform, we believe this ancient sovereignty can shine through as a fuller expression of Australia’s nationhood.
Proportionally, we are the most incarcerated people on the planet. We are not an innately criminal people. Our children are aliened from their families at unprecedented rates. This cannot be because we have no love for them. And our youth languish in detention in obscene numbers. They should be our hope for the future.
These dimensions of our crisis tell plainly the structural nature of our problem. This is the torment of our powerlessness.
We seek constitutional reforms to empower our people and take a rightful place in our own country. When we have power over our destiny our children will flourish. They will walk in two worlds and their culture will be a gift to their country.
We call for the establishment of a First Nations Voice enshrined in the Constitution.
Makarrata is the culmination of our agenda: the coming together after a struggle. It captures our aspirations for a fair and truthful relationship with the people of Australia and a better future for our children based on justice and self-determination.
We seek a Makarrata Commission to supervise a process of agreement-making between governments and First Nations and truth-telling about our history.
In 1967 we were counted, in 2017 we seek to be heard. We leave base camp and start our trek across this vast country. We invite you to walk with us in a movement of the Australian people for a better future."

 This article incorporates text available under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Presentation[edit]

The official painted and signed canvas of the Statement was presented to the Australian Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, and the leader of the opposition, Bill Shorten, on 5 August 2017, at the Garma Festival in north-east Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory.[14] The Statement was also on display alongside musician John Butler at the Woodford Folk Festival in Queensland.[15]

On 26 October 2017 the Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, issued a joint statement with the attorney general, George Brandis, and the Indigenous affairs minister, Nigel Scullion rejecting the statement.[16] The statement said "The government does not believe such a radical change to our constitution’s representative institutions has any realistic prospect of being supported by a majority of Australians in a majority of states.”[17][18][19]. Constitutional change advocate and Uluru delegate, Jesse John Fleay, said "This criticism came, apparently ignorant of the fact that most Commonwealth nations—including New Zealand and Canada—have enacted far less conservative treaties with their First People, and none of these democracies have collapsed. The criticism also came with apparent unawareness of the fact that Australia remains the only Commonwealth nation without a treaty with its First People." [20]

Makarrata[edit]

Makarrata is a Yolngu word "describing a process of conflict resolution, peacemaking and justice".[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uluru Statement from the Heart". referendumcouncil.org.au. Referendum Council. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 14 Jul 2018.
  2. ^ "Uluru Statement: a quick guide". Australian Parliamentary Library. Retrieved 14 Jul 2018.
  3. ^ "The Council - Referendum Council". www.referendumcouncil.org.au. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e Chrysanthos, Natassia (27 May 2019). "What is the Uluru Statement from the Heart?". smh.com.au. Archived from the original on 5 July 2019. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b "The council - Patrick Dodson". referendumcouncil.org.au. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  6. ^ "The council - Mark Leibler AC". referendumcouncil.org.au. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  7. ^ "The council - Pat Anderson AO". referendumcouncil.org.au. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Anderson to co-chair Referendum Council". sbs.com.au. 15 March 2016. Archived from the original on 7 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  9. ^ Referendum Council. "Uluru - National Convention". www.referendumcouncil.org.au. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  10. ^ Brennan, Bridget; Zillman, Stephanie (26 May 2017). "Indigenous leaders call for representative body and treaties process after Uluru convention". abc.net.au. Archived from the original on 14 May 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  11. ^ Lindsay, Kirstyn (18 December 2017). "Anangu Tribal Elders ask for the name of Uluru Statement from the Heart to be changed". sbs.com.au. Archived from the original on 17 February 2019. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  12. ^ Quinn, Karl (1 July 2019). "Kerry O'Brien issues fiery call to action in Logies Hall of Fame speech". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 1 July 2019.
  13. ^ Wylie, John (18 June 2019). "Indigenous call deserves response from the heart". theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  14. ^ Davidson, Helen (5 August 2017). "Indigenous recognition: Turnbull refuses to commit to referendum council's proposal". the Guardian. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  15. ^ Wahlquist, Calla (25 May 2018). "A year on, the key goal of Uluru statement remains elusive". the Guardian. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  16. ^ Grattan, Michelle. "Turnbull government says no to Indigenous 'Voice to Parliament'". The Conversation. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  17. ^ Wahlquist, Calla (26 October 2017). "Indigenous voice proposal 'not desirable', says Turnbull". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  18. ^ Wahlquist, Calla (26 October 2017). "Turnbull's Uluru statement rejection is 'mean-spirited bastardry' – legal expert". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  19. ^ Wahlquist, Calla (30 October 2017). "Most Australians support Indigenous voice to parliament plan that Turnbull rejected". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  20. ^ Fleay, Jesse (2019). "The Uluru statement A First Nations perspective of the implications for social reconstructive race relations in Australia". International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies. 12 (1): 1–14. doi:10.5204/ijcis.v12i1.532. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  21. ^ Pearson, Luke (10 August 2017). "What is a Makarrata? It's more than a synonym for treaty". abc.net.au. Archived from the original on 5 June 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2018.