Guimarães in front of the National Congress
|President of the Chamber of Deputies|
February 1985 – February 1989
|Preceded by||Flávio Portela Marcílio|
|Succeeded by||Paes de Andrade|
February 1956 – 11 March 1958
|Preceded by||Flores da Cunha|
|Succeeded by||Ranieri Mazzilli|
|Minister of Development, Industry
8 September 1961 – 18 September 1962
|Prime Minister||Tancredo Neves
Brochado da Rocha
|Preceded by||Artur Bernardes Filho|
|Succeeded by||Dias Carneiro|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
1 February 1951 – 12 October 1992
|Member of a State Assembly|
1 February 1948 – 1 February 1951
|Born||Ulysses Silveira Guimarães
October 6, 1916
Itirapina, São Paulo, Brazil
|Died||October 12, 1992
Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Political party||PSD (1947–1965)
|Spouse(s)||Ida de Almeida Guimarães|
|Alma mater||University of São Paulo|
Ulysses Silveira Guimarães (Portuguese pronunciation: [uˈɫisisːiwˈvejɾɐ ɡimɐˈɾɐ̃js] October 6, 1916 – October 12, 1992) was a Brazilian politician and lawyer who played an important role in opposing the military dictatorship in Brazil and in the fight to restore democracy in the country. He died in a helicopter accident by the shore near Angra dos Reis, in the south of Rio de Janeiro state.
Childhood and youth
Ulysses Silveira Guimarães was born in the village of Itaqueri da Serra, today a district of Itirapina, which was then part of Rio Claro, São Paulo State. He had an active academic life, participating in the Centro Acadêmico XI de Agosto (August XI Academic Center) and exercising vice president of the União Nacional dos Estudantes. Guimarães has graduated in Law and Social Sciences, at the School of Law of University of São Paulo (USP).
He was a teacher for several years at the Mackenzie University School of Law, where he eventually became Professor of Public International Law. He taught Municipal Law at the Law Faculty of Itu, and Constitutional Law at the Law School of Bauru. He specialized in Tax Law. Ulysses Guimarães worked at Santos Futebol Clube, starting on January 10, 1941. In 1942, he was appointed chief executive of the club's offices in São Paulo, a position he took back in 1945. In 1944, he was elected vice president of the club.
He was elected state deputy for São Paulo, for Constituent Assembly of 1947, by the Social Democratic Party (PSD). Since then, Guimarães was elected for the role of federal deputy for the State for eleven consecutive terms from 1951 to 1995 (not having finished the last term).
Guimarães held the Ministry of Industry and Trade at the office of Tancredo Neves, during the short parliamentary experience in Brazil (1961-1962). He supported initially the military movement that in 1964 overthrew President João Goulart, but soon moved to the opposition. With the introduction of bipartisanship (1965), he joined the Brazilian Democratic Movement, of which he would be vice president and then president. He was president of the Latin American Parliament from 1967 to 1970.
Struggle for political opening
In 1973, he launched his symbolic "anticandidacy" to the presidency as a form of repudiation of military regime, having as vice the journalist and former governor of Pernambuco, Barbosa Lima Sobrinho. On November 29, 1976, at the Plenary Tiradentes of the Legislative Assembly of São Paulo, he founded OPB - Order of Parliamentarians of Brazil, an class association without partisan, religious or social ties, of which he is patron. Ahead of the party, he has participated in all campaigns for a return to democracy, including the struggle for broad, general and unrestricted amnesty. With the end of bipartisanship (1979), the MDB became Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), of which he would be national president.
Together with Tancredo Neves, Orestes Quércia and Franco Montoro, Guimarães led new campaigns by democratization such as direct elections, popularly known by the slogan: Diretas Já. Ulysses Guimarães was almost the candidate for president of the Republic in 1985 by PMDB, when elections were held in the electoral college. The political articulations of the era ultimately led to the election of a "mixed" ticket with Tancredo Neves as PMDB presidential candidate and José Sarney, ex-PDS/Frente Liberal, as running mate.
Guimarães was president of the Chamber of Deputies in three periods (1956-1957, 1985-1986 and 1987-1988), chairing the National Constituent Assembly in 1987-1988. The new constitution, in which he was instrumental, was promulgated on October 5, 1988, and was by him called Citizen Constitution, by the social advances that incorporated in the text. Due to his great popularity, he ran for president for PMDB in the 1989 direct elections, won by Fernando Collor.
He died in a helicopter crash off the coast of Angra dos Reis, in Rio de Janeiro on October 12, 1992, with his wife D. Mora, former Senator Severo Gomes, his wife and the pilot. The body of Guimarães has never been found.
- Vida Exemplar de Prudente de Morais, 1940
- Navegar é preciso, Viver não é preciso, 1973
- Socialização do Direito, 1978
- Esperança e Mudança, 1982
- Tentativa, 1983
- Diretas Já, 1984
- PT Saudações, 1988
- Da Fé fiz Companheira, 1989
- Ou Mudamos ou seremos Mudados, 1991
- Parlamentarismo – Além de ser mais forte, substitui um regime fraco,fevereiro de 1992.
- Brooke, James. "Ulysses Guimaraes, 'Grandfather' Of Brazilian Democracy, Is Dead". The New York Times. October 14, 1992. Retrieved on 10-30-2012.
- "A história de Ulysses Guimarães, o Senhor Diretas, no Santos FC". Santosfc.com.br. Retrieved 2012-11-07.