Umán Municipality

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Umán
Municipality
Principal Church of Umán, Yucatán
Principal Church of Umán, Yucatán
Region 2 Noroeste #101
Region 2 Noroeste #101
Umán is located in Mexico
Umán
Umán
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°53′N 89°45′W / 20.883°N 89.750°W / 20.883; -89.750Coordinates: 20°53′N 89°45′W / 20.883°N 89.750°W / 20.883; -89.750
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind. 1821
Yucatán Est. 1824
Municipality Est 1921
Government
 • Type PRI Party (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Jesús Adrian Quintal Ic[2]
Area
 • Total 234.30 km2 (90.46 sq mi)
  [2]
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2010[3])
 • Total 50,993
 • Density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
 • Demonym Umanense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Postal Code 97390
Area code(s) 988
INEGI Code 101
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website
Municipalities of Yucatán

Umán Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “purchase”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (234.30 km2) of land and located roughly 15 km southwest of the city of Mérida.[2]

History[edit]

There is no accurate data on when the town was founded, though it existed before the conquest and in antiquity belonged to the chieftainship of Ah Canul.[2] At colonization, Umán became part of the encomienda system with Francisco Hernández recorded as one of the earliest encomenderos.[4]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821 and in 1825, the area was assigned to the Lower Camino Real with its headquarters in Hunucma Municipality. In 1921, was designated as its own municipality.[2]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has nine councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of heritage and sports, policing, education and health, public works, potable water, rural development and social management, roads and markets, nomenclature and recruiting, ecology, public monuments.[5]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Umán, Yucatán. There are 87 populated areas of the municipality.[5] The most notable include Bolón, Dzibikak, Dzununcán, Itzincab, Oxcum, Oxholón, Poxilá, San Antonio Mulix, Tebec, Xtepen, and Yaxcopoil. The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 50,993[3]
Bolón 1271 in 2005[6]
Dzibikak 1238 in 2005[7]
Itzincab 4744 in 2005[8]
Oxcum 1049 in 2005[9]
Oxholón 797 in 2005[10]
Poxilá 801 in 2005[11]
Tebec 459 in 2005[12]
Umán 29135 in 2005[13]
Xtepén 485 in 2005[14]
Yaxcopoil 1102 in 2005[15]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from 13 to 15 September the town holds a celebration for the The Christ of Love.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • The ex-convent and Church of St. Francis of Assisi, built in the eighteenth century
  • Archaeological sites at Bolon, Hotzus and Kizil
  • Hacienda Xtepén
  • Hacienda Yaxcopoil

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidentes Municipales" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI yucatan. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipios de Yucatán »Umán" (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Umán, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  4. ^ de la Serna, Juan Manuel (editor) (1998). Iglesia y sociedad en América Latina colonial: interpretaciones y proposiciones (in Spanish) (1 ed.). México, D.F.: Univ. Autónoma de México. p. 131. ISBN 978-9-683-64828-0. 
  5. ^ a b "Umán". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "Bolón". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Dzibikak". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "Itzincab". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Oxcum". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Oxholón". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Poxilá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "Tebec". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "Umán". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Xtepén". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  15. ^ "Yaxcopoil". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.