Umm Ruman

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Umm Rumān Zaynab bint ‘Āmir' ibn Uwaymir ibn Abd Shams ibn Attab Al-Kinaniyah (death 628), known by her kunyah "Umm Rumān" (Arabic: أمّ رومان زينب بنت عامر بن عويمر بن عبد شمس بن عتاب الكنانية‎‎)[1] was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. She was a wife of Abu Bakr and the mother of ‘Ā’ishah, a wife of Muḥammad.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

Zaynab was the daughter of Amir ibn Umaymir, a member of the Duhman clan of the Al-Harith tribe of the Kinanah.[4] She married al-Ḥārith ibn Sakhbarah, who was from the Azd tribe, and they had one son, Ṭufayl.[5]

The family moved from al-Sara to Mecca, where al-Harith[1] formed an alliance with Abu Bakr.[5] He was already married to Qutaylah bint ‘Abd al-‘Uzzá.

Shortly afterwards, Umm Ruman was widowed and left with no support. Abu Bakr then married her. They had two children: Abdal-Raḥmān and Aisha.[5]

Umm Ruman emigrated to Medina in 622, accompanied by Aisha and by her stepchildren Asma and Abdullah.[4]

Ibn Saad states that Umm Ruman died in Medina in April/May 628.[5][6] However, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani places her death in 630.[citation needed] As she was being lowered into her grave, Muhammad said, "Anyone who wants to know what a houri looks like should look at Umm Ruman."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Companion's Tree". Quran search online. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Talhami, Ghada (2012). Historical Dictionary of Women in the Middle East and North Africa. pp. 632–634. 
  3. ^ Stone, Caroline (1985). The Embroideries of North Africa. p. 76. ...and perhaps it should not be forgotten that Aisha, the favourite wife of Muhammad, whose name means 'The Living One', was (death 627) the daughter of Umm Ruman, 'The Mother of the Pomegranate'. 
  4. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors, pp. 171-172. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  5. ^ a b c d e Muhammad ibn Saad, Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 193. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  6. ^ Nāsikh al-tavārīkh : zindagānī-i Payāmbar vol:2, 1162 ISBN 9643311120

Bibliography[edit]

  • Great Women of Islam (Dar-us-Salam Publications)