Umagico, Queensland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Umagico
Queensland
Umagico QLD 4876, Australia - panoramio (1).jpg
View across the sea at Umagico, 2007
Umagico is located in Queensland
Umagico
Umagico
Coordinates10°53′33″S 142°21′04″E / 10.8926°S 142.3511°E / -10.8926; 142.3511Coordinates: 10°53′33″S 142°21′04″E / 10.8926°S 142.3511°E / -10.8926; 142.3511
Population427 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density8.324/km2 (21.56/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4876
Area51.3 km2 (19.8 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)Northern Peninsula Area Region
State electorate(s)Cook
Federal Division(s)Leichhardt
Suburbs around Umagico:
Torres Strait Seisia New Mapoon
Injinoo Umagico Bamaga
Injinoo Jardin River Somerset

Umagico is a town and coastal locality in the Northern Peninsula Area Region, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census, Umagico had a population of 427 people.[1]

Umagico is one of the five communities which collectively form the Northern Peninsula Area, also known as the NPA. The landmass of the NPA consists of 1,030 km2 in the northern most region of Cape York Peninsula, Injinoo, New Mapoon, Seisia and Bamaga communities make up the remainder of the NPA.[4]

History[edit]

Umagico, originally and still locally known as Alau, was one of several traditional Aboriginal camping sites on the western beaches of Northern Cape York Peninsula. The Gumakudin people are thought to have traditionally occupied Alau prior to first contact.[5]

In 1897, Archibald Meston submitted a report on the Aborigines of Queensland in which he suggested the population between Newcastle Bay and Cape York had decreased from 3,000 to less than 300 people.[6][7] By 1900, Aboriginal populations in the Cape York Peninsula area had been decimated as a result of introduced disease, exclusions from traditional hunting grounds, and by the brutality of the Native Police and Somerset’s Police Magistrates, most notoriously Frank Jardine.[8][9]

By 1915, remnants of the Aboriginal population had autonomously regrouped at Red Island Point (later known as Seisia) and Cowal Creek (known then as Small River and later as Injinoo).[10] Both communities approached the Queensland Government for land to establish gardens, leading to the creation of an Aboriginal reserve at Cowal Creek in 1915.[11][12]

By 1918, the Cowal Creek community was functioning as a self-sufficient community, managed by a self-elected council.[13] The community grew during the 1920s and 1930s with the inclusion of Aboriginal groups who moved from the McDonnell Ranges, Red Island Point and Seven Rivers.[14][10][15] In 1923, Anglican missionaries and school teachers arrived at Cowal Creek and increasingly took on administrative functions in the community.[16][17]

To accommodate the Saibai Islanders and other Torres Strait Islander people who had decided to move to the NPA, the government created a reserve at Red Island Point in 1948. This reserve was amalgamated with the adjoining Cowal Creek Reserve. After the amalgamation, the reserve consisted of 97,620 acres populated by around 350 people.[18][19]

During the 1950s, many of the Saibai Islanders who established themselves at Muttee Heads and Red Island Point moved to Bamaga as the government developed the township, erected accommodation and developed agricultural and sawmilling industries. Bamaga was established as the administrative centre for the NPA.[18][20][21]

Umagico was established in 1963 when the government relocated 64 Aboriginal people from Lockhart River Mission to the area.[22] After the Anglican Church relinquished responsibility for the Lockhart River Mission in 1960, the government proposed closing down the mission and resettling residents at Bamaga. The majority of residents rejected this proposal and remained at the old mission site. Those resettled at Umagico accepted the site as an alternative.[23][24]

After the Lockhart River community was re-established at the current site by the government in 1970, some of the people who had been relocated to the Umagico area in the 1960s returned to live at Lockhart. At this time, people from Moa Island in the western Torres Strait were also resettled at Umagico.[25][23][24]

Population[edit]

After World War Two, populations in Northern Cape York Peninsula were again transformed, as Torres Strait Islanders began resettling in the area. The government began developing the area to accommodate this settlement and encouraged other Islanders to come.[26] Saibai Islanders affected by a storm surge that inundated their island in 1948, had also established communities at Red Island Point at Muttee Heads.[27][28]

Facilities[edit]

The Northern Peninsula Area Regional Council operates the Umagico Indigenous Knowledge Centre at 8 Charlie Street.[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Umagico (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Umagico - town in Northern Peninsula Area Region (entry 35759)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  3. ^ "Umagico - locality in Northern Peninsula Area Region (entry 46109)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Umagico". Queensland State Government. 27 August 2015. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help) CC-BY icon.svg This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Archived 2017-10-16 at the Wayback Machine license.
  5. ^ N Sharp, Footprints Along the Cape York Sand Beaches (Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra; 1992) 3, 85.
  6. ^ Archibald Meston’s Report on the Aboriginals of Queensland to the Home Secretary, QLA, V&P (1896) vol. 4, 1, 724.
  7. ^ Queensland State Archives, Home Secretary’s Office, Series SRS 5263/1, General Correspondance, Item HOM/J717, 1929/3999, memo re Aboriginal Reservations.
  8. ^ N Sharp, Footprints Along the Cape York Sand Beaches (Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra; 1992), 55-58.
  9. ^ J Richards, The Secret War: a True History of Queensland’s Native Police (Queensland University Press, St Lucia; 2008) 42.
  10. ^ a b N Sharp, Footprints Along the Cape York Sand Beaches (Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra; 1992) 85-87.
  11. ^ Queensland State Archives, Home Secretary’s Office, Series SRS 5263/1, General Correspondance, Item HOM/J129 1914/9001 Chief Protector of Aboriginals: Report of Chief Protector of Aboriginals on Annual Inspection of Northern Institutions, 195.
  12. ^ Queensland, Queensland Government Gazette, 23 October 1915, 1374.
  13. ^ N Sharp, Footprints Along the Cape York Sand Beaches (Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra; 1992) 94-95.
  14. ^ Queensland, Report on the Operations of Certain Sub-Departments of the Home Secretary’s Department - Aboriginals Department - Information Contained in Report for the Year ended 31 December, 1920 (1921) 9.
  15. ^ S McIntyre-Tamwoy, Red Devils and White Men (PhD thesis, James Cook University, Townsville; 2000).
  16. ^ J J Done, Wings Across the Sea (Booralong Publications, Brisbane; 1987).
  17. ^ N Sharp, Footprints Along the Cape York Sand Beaches (Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra; 1992) 90, 95.
  18. ^ a b Queensland, Native Affairs – Information contained in Report of Director of Native Affairs for the Twelve Months ended 30 June 1952 (1952) 26.
  19. ^ Queensland, Queensland Government Gazette, 24 July 1948, 675.
  20. ^ Queensland, Native Affairs – Information contained in Report of Director of Native Affairs for the Twelve Months ended 30 June 1953 (1953) 30.
  21. ^ Queensland, Native Affairs – Information contained in Report of Director of Native Affairs for the Twelve Months ended 30 June 1954 (1954) 29-30.
  22. ^ Queensland, Native Affairs – Information contained in Report of Director of Native Affairs for the Twelve Months ended 30 June 1964 (1964) 16.
  23. ^ a b A. Chase, Which Way now? Tradition, continuity and change in a North Queensland Aboriginal Community (Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Queensland, 1980) 124-127.
  24. ^ a b D. Thompson, Struggling for Relevance in Lockhart River, Lecture in Northern Queensland History (1996), 5(142-168).
  25. ^ Students of Bamaga High School, North of the Jardine: a look at the five communities of the N.P.A. (Bamaga State High School, Bamaga; 1987).
  26. ^ Queensland, Native Affairs – Information contained in Report of Director of Native Affairs for the Twelve Months ended 30 June 1948 (1948) 2.
  27. ^ Queensland, Native Affairs – Information contained in Report of Director of Native Affairs for the Twelve Months ended 30 June 1948 (1948) 2, 22.
  28. ^ D Ober, J Sproats and R Mitchell, Saibai to Bamaga, The Migration from Saibai to Bamaga on the Cape York Peninsula (Bamaga Island Council and Joe Sproats and Associates, Townsville; 2000).
  29. ^ "Umagico". Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. 23 August 2017. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

Attribution[edit]

This Wikipedia article contains material from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community histories: Umagico. Published by The State of Queensland under CC-BY-4.0, accessed on 3 July 2017.