Umamah bint Zainab

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Umamah bint Abu al-'As bin al-Rabi' (Arabic: أمامة بنت ابو العاص بن الربيع) was a granddaughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and she is numbered among his companions.


She was the daughter of Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi' and of Muhammad's eldest daughter Zaynab.[1][2]

When she was a small child, Muhammad used to carry her on his shoulder while he prayed. He used to put her down to prostrate and then pick her up again as he rose.[1] Muhammad once promised to give an onyx necklace to "her whom I love best." His wives expected him to give it to Aisha, but he presented it to Umamah. On a different occasion, he gave her a gold ring that had arrived from the Emperor of Abyssinia.[1]

Some time after Fatimah died in 632, Umamah married Ali.[1][2] They had one son, Muhammad "the Middle".[3]

Ali was killed in 661, and Muawiyah I proposed to Umamah. She consulted al-Mughira ibn Nawfal ibn al-Harith about this. He said that she should not marry "the son of the liver-eater" and offered to deal with the problem for her. When she agreed, he said, "I will marry you myself."[1]

She died in 670 (50 AH).[4]

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  1. ^ a b c d e Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, pp. 27-28, 163-164. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  2. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors, pp. 13, 162. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  3. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013). The Companions of Badr, p. 12. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. ^ Lammens, H. (1912). Fatima et les Filles de Mahomet, p. 127. Rome: Sumptibus Pontificii Instituti Biblici.