Umar S. Israilov (c. 1982 – January 13, 2009) was a former bodyguard of Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov who became a critic of the Chechen government. He was shot and killed in exile in Vienna, Austria on January 13, 2009.
Biography and murder
Israilov fought against Russian forces during the Second Chechen War, but was captured in 2003. He began serving as Ramzan Kadyrov’s bodyguard in a militia that was led by Ramzan Kadyrov's father, then Chechen President Akhmad Kadyrov. Israilov claimed to have witnessed killings, torture, and other crimes by Kadyrovites including Ramzan Kadyrov and Adam Delimkhanov, who went on to serve in the Russian Parliament.
In 2006 Israilov and his father, Sharpuddi Israilov, each filed complaints in the European Court of Human Rights against the Russian and Chechen governments. The case was dropped after the court sought more information but could not locate the Israilovs, who had gone into hiding.
After the killing, Austrian police arrested and questioned eight Chechen men who had either received or applied for asylum in Austria. In February 2009 police in Poland arrested a man identified as Turpal Ali J. whom they described as an "accomplice" to Israilov's murderer.
An Austrian court sentenced three individuals to prison for Israilov's murder on June 1, 2011. Otto Kaltenbrunner, Suleiman Dadayev and Turpal-Ali Yesherkayev received sentences of life, 19 years, and 16 years, respectively. Austrian police believe Chechen President Kadyrov ordered Israilov's abduction, an action that later ended in murder. Lecha Bogatirov, the man suspected of firing the fatal shots, remained at large.
Controversy over "List of sentenced to death"
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As reported by C.J. Chivers, a journalist for the International Herald Tribune, in August 2008 Austrian authorities interviewed a Chechen man who said he had been sent to find Umar Israilov, and that Israilov was on a list of enemies whom Kadyrov allegedly intended to have killed. The man asked Israilov "to withdraw his complaints or risk being killed and having his family killed." However the Austrians did not detain the man and did not provide protection for Israilov.
In a February 3, 2009 exclusive interview with the independent Internet media Caucasian Knot (a media project related to the Memorial society), Chivers stated that "authenticity of the list of 300 natives from Chechnya, sentenced to death by President Kadyrov, which was published in the western press, has not been proved yet". He said, "I have not seen this list, so I don't know details of its contents, and this is obviously a rich area for follow-on reporting. However, I can't guarantee its authenticity"[unreliable source?] and stated that it's very easy to compose a false list, while sites of Chechen separatists very often publish propaganda among the actual information.[verification needed]
On February 9, 2009 Arthur Kurmakayev, who was questioned by Austrian police about Israilov's killing, told the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta that Austrian police had libeled him with a false report. Kurmakayev denied any connection with Kadyrov or the security services.
Timur Aliyev ... said by telephone from Grozny that he had never heard of Israilov.
He also expressed doubt that the murder could be an act of revenge by the Chechen leadership. "There are other Chechens, more important, known and influential, who file complaints against Russia in Europe and criticize Kadyrov, but they still walk around safe and sound," Aliyev said.
On January 23, 2009, Lema Gudayev, Kadyrov's press secretary, alleged that the media had "launched a massive and deliberate campaign aimed at discrediting the leadership and the president of the Chechen Republic." According to Gudayev, "Having lost all their positions in the armed resistance to the authorities, the so-called ideologues of terrorism have launched a massive information war against Chechnya and its president, Kadyrov."
- C.J. Chivers, "Critic of Chechen President Is Killed in Exile in Vienna," The New York Times, 13 January 2009.
- A Killing in Vienna and the Chechen Connection by Fred Burton and Ben West
- C.J. Chivers, "A deadly exile for Chechen leader's accuser," International Herald Tribune, 1 February 2009.
- "Arrested Chechen only helper in Israilov slaying" Austrian Times, 23 February 2009.
- Austrian court convicts Chechens over dissident's death
- Summary of Arthur Kurmakayev's interrogation, NYT
- "I did not say that. It's fake. The same way Tukhachevsky was calumniated.", February 11, 2009, Novaya Gazeta, (in Russian)[verification needed]
- Testaments of Grigory Shvedov, by Memo.Ru (in Russian)
- Chris Chivers: "murder list" of Kadyrov's enemies needs verification, Caucasian Knot
- Chris Chivers: "murder list" of Kadyrov's enemies needs verification, Caucasian Knot (in Russian, somewhat more extensive text of the interview)
- Chechen Refugee Gunned Down in Vienna, The Moscow Times, by Nabi Abdullaev and Carl Schreck, January 15, 2009
- Заговор против Кадырова (Conspiracy against Kadyrov), January 23, 2009 (in Russian)