Tan Sri Dato' Yang Berhormat Umaru Pulavar
|Born||4 December 1642|
Ettayapuram, Thoothukudi District, India
|Died||23 October 1765 (age 123)|
Umaru Pulavar (Tamil: உமறுப் புலவர்) was a Tamil Muslim poet from Tamil Nadu, India. Umaru Pulavar was born in 1642 in the town of Ettayapuram in Thoothukudi district. He is celebrated as one of the greatest Islamic Poets of India.
Early life and Family
The forefathers of the poet came to Tamil Nadu to sell perfumes and settled in Nagalapuram, before moving to Ettayapuram where the poet was born. Umaru Pulavar’s literary talents flourished under Kadikai Muthu Pulavar that is only in Tamil language (Tamil: கடிகை முத்து புலவர்), court poet of the Ettayapuram Zamin. At the age of 16, Umaru Pulavar stole the national limelight by winning a literary debate with Vallai Varundhi, a renowned poet from North India. Umaru Pulavar was then made the court poet of the Ettayapuram Zamin. But he was not able to learn Arabic grammar. While learning the Arabic language his master went for his essential work for earning money.His family and heirs were awarded with Pulavar title by government of Tamil Nadu, and they carry the initial before their bio initial. PF Nazeer, one of the last heir with some unpublished work poems died recently of cancer.His family has set up a trust for education and social reforms for poor people on his anniversary.
He was commissioned by Seethakaathi, the altruist son of entrepreneur Periya Thambi Nainar Marakkayar, to pen Seerapuranam considered to be one of the best works in Tamil Muslim literature till date, depicting the biography of Nabi. It contains 5,027 poems in three ‘Kandams’ (parts), which are Vilathathu Kandam, Noobuvathu Kandam and Hijurathu Kandam. Each of the ‘Kandams’ narrates various stages of the life of Nabi.
Muthu Mozhil Malai and Sethakathi wedding poems are among his other literary works.
His memorial at Ettayapuram in Tuticorin district was renovated by the government of Tamil Nadu and was declared open by the then Speaker of legislative assembly and the then ministers. The Umaru pulavar Tamil language center in Singapore named after the scholar strives for providing quality education in Tamil language in Singapore. A social welfare trust by name "Omar - Bharathi Educational Trust" is constituted at Thirupuvanam Pudur in the regard of both the poets from Ettayapuram. The trust has also opened branches in Ariyalur district and in Theni district. The Islamiya ilakkiya kazhagam gives award every year to eminent Tamil scholars in the name of Umaru Pulavar.
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Sanjay Subrahmanyam (2002). "The Diversity in Indian Islam". Retrieved 2008-06-09.