Umayyad tradition of cursing Ali
The Umayyad tradition of cursing Ali was performed in state-controlled mosques in Syria for a period of approximately 65 years from c.657 to c.717 CE.
Ali was cursed by official Umayyad decree as part of Friday congregational prayers from all the mosques of Umayyad caliphate except the town of Sistan. The companion Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas refused to comply with the order of cursing Ali, giving three reasons:
- according to Quran 33:33, Ali was one of the Ahl al-Bayt, whom God has purified of all defilements;
- according to the Prophet, Ali's rank in relation to him was the same as that of Aaron in relation to Moses;
- it was to Ali that the Prophet gave the banner at the battle of Khaybar.
- Ṭabarī, Khalid Yahya Blankinship (translator) (1993). The Chanllenge to the Empires. SUNY Press. pp. xix. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Reza Shah-Kazemi (2007). Justice and Remembrance: Introducing the Spirituality of Imam Ali. I.B.Tauris. pp. 62, 63. Retrieved 2013-07-08.