Umbugarla language

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Region Northern Territory
Extinct ca. 2000; with the death of Butcher Knight
  • Umbugarlic
    • Umbugarla
Language codes
ISO 639-3 umr
Glottolog umbu1235[1]
Arnhem Land languages.png
  historic distribution of Umbugarla

The Umbugarla language is an Australian language isolate once spoken by three people in Arnhem Land, northern Australia, in 1981, and is now extinct.


Umbugarla was once considered a language isolate (together with Ngurmbur as a dialect), but Mark Harvey has made a case for it being part of a family of Darwin Region languages.[3]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Umbugarla". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Umbugarla at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  3. ^ Bowern, Claire. 2011. "How Many Languages Were Spoken in Australia?", Anggarrgoon: Australian languages on the web, December 23, 2011 (corrected February 6, 2012)